Skip to main content

Full text of "Illinois. Illinois towns"

See other formats




Illinois Towns 


Excerpts from newspapers and other sources 

From the files of the 
Lincoln Financial Foundation Collection 



LINCLNO, 111., June 80.— (United ; 
Pres.f.) — How Abraham Lincoln used; 
the core of a watermelon which he ' 
squeezed in his hand until the water i 
trickled through his fingers to the j 
I ground, to christen the town of Liu- 1 
[ coin, 111., during the sale of the first 
town lots in 1853, is related by John 
L. Stevens of St. Louis, former resi- ! 
dent of Middletown, and a great ad- 1 
luirer of the martyred president, who , 
lie knew intimately -when he was but j 
13 years: old. Stevens said the unique 
Christening took place before Lincoln 
became famous, and that it was with , 
reluctancy that the men in charge! 
asked Lincoln for the right to name the ^ 
new town after him. | 



Lincoln Evening Courier 










September 9, 1929, 

Mr, Louis A. Warren, Editor 

Lincoln Lore 

Fort ?feyne, Indiana 

Dear Sir: 

We have "been very raach interested in your Lincoln Lore sheets 
and have kept all of those that liave come to our attention, 
Our own town being very sentimentally and historically asso- 
ciated with Lincoln, it "being the only town named after him 
before he was recognized by the outside world in any sense. 

Among the land marks has been an old court house where Abraham 
Lincoln practiced law in his early days. This building has 
been owned by private individ\ials and early in August the 
American Legion were planning a definite drive for the ourcimse 
of it, only to be awakened rudely by the news that the old 
court house had been purchased by Henry Ford with the intention 
of moving it to Dearborn, Michigan. 

We and the majority of the residents of Lincoln feel that this 
court house should remain here and we are making endeavors to 
persuade Mr, Ford of this fact. To give you a more complete 
picture, we are sending you copies of the Courier containing 
articles pertaining to this purchase. If your medium is in any 
way able to help us take up the cudgels, we feel 'you will be 
doing a very excellent thing and it would be greatly appreciated 
not only by Lincoln, but by Illinois, 


Yours very truly, 

I^iieblA Courier 
1^ a«ar Ur* Can»«&t*rc 

I want to tK^ y^/^Lf^iS*e?tSlltoSom, 
M .ill allow »* to get «» lnai^« vlwr ex ti» 

««rf that I will read tb«« «lth • i^t 

tel of i&ttrtst« 

Bfti^tfiilly y«ror»» 

J )Hr»otor» 

HSoli mttorieia BwiwuNffi »nia4Atl©tt. 

Lincoln Evening Courier 










Chicago office: as e. wacker drive 

S-ept, 13th, 1929 

Mr, loiiis A, Warren, Director 

Linco 'n Historial Research Poimdation, 

Fort V/ayne, Indiana. 

Dear lir, Warren: 

We are taking pleasure in sending you 
additional copies of the Courier pertaining to our Abraham 
Lincoln Courthouse, 

We, of course have lost our Lincoln Shrine 
and have created the impression that we had been lacking in 
interest. However, as I believe I stated to you before, the 
very day that our American Legion representative had an 
appointment to negotiate for the purchase of the Courthouse 
Henry Ford arrived on the scene previous to his anointment 
and bought it. 

Therefore, if we can do no more thai now 
arouse other communities to the n4ed of ouick action or to 
bring about legislation to avoid the moving of landmarks 
and shrines of historial interest from one state to another. 
This not only for Illinois but all states, we shall not have 
lost in vain. 

Thanking you for your interest, we are. 

Very truly jyours, 


S«pt6Biber 17, 1929 

Mr. Aliyn* Carptnter, Publi«h«r 
JUbcoIn j^ming ConrUr 
iHkicoIn, Ulinols 

Xy doar Mr* Carpenters 

Plasse acoept my thaiika for the additional 
photograito and newa lt»i iirfaloh you to kindly forwarded* 

1 sincerely trust that aome st^a cay be 
taken to prevent the removal of hlstorlo algna. which 
nean so naeh more to the coBBiamltlea where they originally 
stood than they poaalhly can situated anywhere eli*3. 

It seems to me a proper sequel to this un- 
fortunate octsurreace might be the erecting of a bronze 
tablet to designate the place where the court house stood, 
and I sffi sure the American Legion would have no diffi- 
culty la sponserlag this effort. 

fbanklng you for your continued Intereet, I a» 

Yours very trulyt 


Lincoln Historical Hesoarch Foundation 

Liiicoln, Illinois 

The only City named for Abraham Lincoln before 
he became President 


The City of Lincoln, laid out in 1853, organized as 
a town and incorporated as a city in 1865, the judicial 
seat of Logan County, is within nine miles of the exact 
geographical center of the State of Illinois, in the 
center of Logan County, and surrounded by the great- 
est agricultural section of the United States. 156 miles 
from Chicago and 126 miles from St. Louis. The hub 
of a wheel for distribution with Bloomington, Spring- 
field, Decatur and Peoria from thirty to forty-five 
miles distant. 


The 1930 census gives Lincoln a population of 
12,843, an 8% increase since 1920. It has an incor- 
porated area of 4 square miles and an assessed valua- 
tion of $7,460,000. The city has 55 miles of streets, 18 
being paved and has 22 miles of sanitary and storm 


Lincoln is served by the Chicago & Alton Ry., 
main line; the Illinois Central, two lines — Peoria- 
Evansville (Indiana Division) and Champaign-Havana 
(Springfield Division) ; the Illinois Traction System, 
electric, St. Louis-Peoria. This gives over-night ser- 
vice to Chicago and St. Louis markets and excellent 
connections for Indianapolis and Eastern cities. The 
Lincoln switching district is in rate point No. 110 and 
a rate breaking point for local shipments. 

Lincoln is on National Highway No. 66, State 
Route Nos. 4, 120 and 121, and with improved roads 
connecting all towns in the County. 


The city is supplied with electrical energy and 
gas by the Illinois Public Utility Company who have 
their division offices in Lincoln operating 34 com- 
munities. Their generating plant is located here with 
an adequate capacity to supply present and future 
needs. The rates compare favorably with much larger 


Great quantities of exceptionally good water are 
available from wells operated by the Illinois Public 
Utility Company. This water is of excellent quality 
and comes through infiltration galleries and is chlorin- 
ated. The average daily pumpage is 1,100,000 gallons, 
100% metered, and a maximum daily pimipage of 
1,650,000. There are 2675 services, 296 hydrants and 
321,^ miles of street mains. No record of water short- 
age and not affected by dry seasons. 

The fire loss for Lincoln for 1928 was $24,057, and 
for 1929 was $59,850. Because of the efficient fire 
department and the very low loss the insurance rates 
have been decreased. 


Telephone service is supplied by the Illinois Com- 
mercial Telephone Company who operate 11 exchanges 
from the Lincoln headquarters and have approximate- 

ly 3,000 stations in the city and adjacent rural dis- 
trict. Long distance connections and service to all 
points is given. 

The Western Union Telegraph Company has an 
office with the regular connections and facilities. 

The Lincoln Post Office is First Class, with one 
central station located on the Square. Regular and 
substitute employes number 27. 

The Lincoln Kvening Courier issues a daily eve- 
ning newspaper with a circulation of 4,800. 


Operating coal mines adjacent to the corporation 
limits supply a good quality of coal for industrial and 
home use. 


The three banks have shown a steady and con- 
bistent growth. Total deposits are over $3,300,000, and 
total resources over $4,575,000. Names of banks and 
dates of organization are: Lincoln National Bank 
1885, American National Bank 1887, and Lincoln State 
Bank 1904. 

The Lincoln Savings and Building Association, 
organized in 1883, has total assets of over $2,500,000, 
and the Logan County Building and Loan Association, 
recently organized has total assets over $255,000. 


Lincoln has the natiural and necessary facilities 
to attract and support industries and become an in- 
dustrial center. The following factories are now in 
active operation with constantly growing output: Lin- 
coln Casket Co., (caskets and fittings) ; Illinois China 
Co., (chinaware) ; Mitchell Bros. Co., (silk dresses) ; 
Watters Package Machine Co., gummed tape meas- 
uring machines) ; Love Mfg. Co., (com cutters) ; Lin- 
coln Bottling Works, (beverages); Weymer Paint Co., 

Make this an ideal 

(paints). Machine shops and supply houses take care 
of all demands. 

Lincoln has mammoth greenhouses, ranking close 
to the top in this field, GuUett & Sons shipping ap- 
proximately 12,000,000 roses yearly. The Lincoln Sand 
& Gravel Co.. ship trainloads of sand and gravel daily 
from their pits adjoining the city. Sieb's Hatchery, 
with a capacity of 728,000 eggs in a battery of 14 in- 
cubators, hatches 160,000 baby chicks weekly and ships 
a total of 3,500,000 during the season. The Brewer- 
ton Coal Corporation mine and ship approximately 
150,000 tons yearly. This is also the home offices of 
the McGrath Sand & Gravel Co., with plants in vari- 
ous parts of the state. Armour & Co. handle yearly 
1,310,900 dozens of eggs and 2,074,200 lbs. poultry. 


A good supply of labor, male and female, both 
skilled and unskilled, is to be found in Lincoln. Most 
of the laboring class own their own homes and about 
90% are American born. 


Lincoln has the aldermanic form of government. 
The mayor is elected biennially. 14 aldermem, one 
elected from each ward yearly. 


The tax rate for Lincoln for the year 1929 was 
$3.91 per $100. The city has no bonded indebtedness. 


In quality, selection and price of merchandise 
Lincoln's retail stores compare favorably with those" 
of larger cities. The shopping district is compactly 
grouped with grocery stores conveniently located 
through the residence section. 


Chamber of Commerce, Women's Club, Kiwanis. 
Rotary, Boy Scouts, Lincoln Country Club, and prac- 

tically all fraternal and patriotic organizations with 
their auxiliaries. 


Lincoln Lakes, over 125 acres of water, with fish- 
ing boating and swimming, give Lincoln splendid 
rec eational^ facilities. Parks and ^^^y^'J^^^'^'l 
conveniently located in the city proper. Chautauqua 
Park, with 86 acres of wooded land and over 100 cot- 
tages with a large steel auditorium, and the Lincoln 
country Club with a sporty nine hole golf course and 
excellent club house are in constant use during the 

Lincoln has two theaters, the Grand and the 
Lincoln The Lincoln theater has just been reopened 
with an entirely new scheme of decoration and is 
considered one of the finest show houses m Central 


Lincoln ranks high in its educational institutions 
with its grade schools, community high school, business 
College and the Lincoln Junior College. Parochial 
schools are of high standard and two institutions are 
a part of the cityl The Lincoln State School & Colony 
with a population of 2,850 and The Illinois Odd Fel- 
lows Orphans Home with 250. 


Beautiful and modern churches representing riear- 
ly every denomination give Lincoln a high rank m 
church attendance. 


The Deaconess with 60 beds and St. Clara's with 
64 beds both with complete and modern equipment, 
together with the competent professional represen- 
tatives, make Lincoln a center for medical service. 


The Lincoln Public Library was established more 
than 50 years ago and is supported by city tax. It 
has approximately 28,225 volumes with a yearly circu- 
lation of over 85,900. 


Lincoln is the headquarters for the Logan County 
Farm Bureau with its associated organizations and 
taking an active part in the social and busmess life of 
the community. The Farm Forum has created nation- 
al interest and the annual com show and 4-H club 
exposition are real events. Logan County ranks high 
in the production of corn, wheat and oats as well as 
in other crops. Dairy, poultry, livestock, fruits, etc., 
are increasing in importance. 


Large deposits of clay, coal, sand and gravel, lie 
adjacent to the corporation limits. 


Lincoln has moderate priced hotels, restaurants, 
garages and service stations, modern tourist camps, 
and welcomes visitors and new residents. We mvite 
consideration for factory location with available build- 
ings and well located sites at reasonable terms. 

(This phamplet distributed by The Lincoln Chamber 
of Commerce.) 


Lincoln, TH» 

Illinois--- Town Christened "Lincoln" "by Ate Himself 

N. y. Evening World, Feb. 12, » 31 . 

Lincoln Named Town 

In Illinois for Self 

Christened Community 
With Watermelons Wlien 
Obscure Lawyer 

LINCOLN, 111., Feb. 12 (A. P.)— Pour 
American cities and towns bear the 
name at Lincoln, but only one — Lin- 
coln, 111. — received Its name during 
the lifetime of the emanclpatpr and 
had the honor of being christened — 
with the cutting of a watermelon — 
by Lincoln himself, 

"All right, boys, go ahead, but I 
thlnlt you're making a mlstalte; noth- 
ing named Lincoln, so far as I knew, 
ever amounted to much." 

That was Lincoln's rejoinder to the 
proposal of three of his friends to 
give the name of Lincoln to this 
newly laid out town in Central Illi- 
nois. The date was 1853 and Lincoln 
was an obscure rural lawyer. 

When what is now the Chicago & 
Alton was laid through Illinois In 
1852. Robert Latham, Virgil Hlckox 
and John D. Gillette, all Illinois 
pioneers, purchased land in the cen- 
ter of Logan County near the railroad 
right of way as a prospective town 
site and with a view to making It 
the county seat. 

As friends of Lincoln they had 
selected him as their legal adviser In 
the location of the proposed town. 
It was in Mr. Lincoln's office In 
Springfield on Aug. 24, 1853, that 
the name for the proposed town was 
under discussion. 

Finally one of the proprietors said, 
"Let's name the town for Abe and 
call it Lincoln." The others agreed. 
It was at this point that Lincoln told 
his friends he thought they were 
making a mistake. 

However, the name stuck, and five 
days later Lincoln was present at the 
sale of lots on the new town site 

"At the noon hour," so relates a 
Lincoln chronicler, "he purchased two 
watermelons at a vendor's booth and, 
with a melon under each arm, called 
the proprietors of the new town to 
the proposed court-house square and 
cut the two melons in twain, giving 
half to each proprietor and retaining 
half for himself, with the remark: 
'We win now proceed to christen the 
new town.' " 

Postville had been the first county 
seat o| liogaa County, but th» new 

Lincoln later absorbed the village 
which contained the primitive court- 
house built m 1840 and in which 
Lliicoln practiced law. Recently this 
building was purchased by Henry 
Ford and tran.sported to Dearborn. 

Honest Abe ' Attended 
Lincoln, III Christening 

Wacom, in., Feb. 12 (,1^.-Tsven- 
ty-|oui- American cities and towns 
bear the name of Lincoln, but only 
on«-Lincoln. lU.-recelved its nam. 
during the lifetime of the Eman- 
cip^Tor/and had the honor of be- 
ing' chJstened— with the cutting o. 
a wateVmelon-by Lincoln himsell. 

■■All right boys, go ahead, but I 
think youTe malung a mistake; 
nothing named Lincoln, so far aa 
I know, ever amounted to much." 

That W'ia Lincoln's rejolner to 
'the proposal of three of his friends 
to give the name of Lincoln to this 
newly laid out town in centra, 
Illinois. The date was 1853 ani 
Lincoln was an obscure rural law- 

When what is now the Chicago 
and A'.ton was laid through Illi- 
nois in 185;, Robert Latham. Vir- 
gil Hickok and John D. Gillette, 
all Illinois pioneers, purchased a 
section of land in the center o£ 
Logan County near the railroad 

ight of way as a prospective town 
site and with a view to making It 
the county seat. 

As friends of Lincoln they had 
selected him as their legal adviser 
In the location of the proposed 
town. Xt was in Mr. Lincoln's of- 
fice in apringlield on Aug. ii. IS&J; 
that the name for the proposeo 
town was under discussion. 

Finally one of the proprietors 
said: "Let's name the town fo." 
Aba and call it Lincoln." The oth- 
ers agreed. It was at this point 
that Lincoln told his friends ho 
thought they were making a mls- 

However, the name stuck, and 
five days later Lincoln was present 
at the sale of lots on the new 
town site. 

"At the noon ' hour." so relates 
a Lincoln chronicler, "he pur- 
chased two watermelons at a ven- 
dor's booth and with a melon under 
each arm, called the proprietors of 
the new town to the proposed cour. 
house square and dut the two mel- 
ons In twain, giving half to each 
proprietor and retaining a halt for 
himself, with the remark ' we wiU 
now proceed to christen the new 

"^"postville had been the first coun- 
ty seat of Logan County but the 
new Lincoln later absorbed the vil- 
lage which contained the prlmitlya 

/court house built in 1840 and In 
which Lincoln practiced law. Re- 

'cently th ie-trtnraing was Purchased 
by Henry For^and transported to 

FRIDAY, Fl:.BUUARY 13, 1931. 

Lincoln Plans 
to Reopen, Clean 
Old Town Well 

Lincoln, July, 8.— The city coun- 
cil Monday night adopted a reso- 
lution to re-open and clean the 
old town well of Postville at the 
corner of Fifth and Jefferson 
streets from which Abraham Lin- 
coln often quenched his thirst 
while transacting legal business at 
Logan county's first court house. 

The well is located across the 
street from the site of the old; 
court house, which was moved to' 
Detroit by Henry Ford, and was 
sunk m 1837. For years the well 
was used as a watering place for 
stock. It had an old wooden type 
pump and water trough. Then an, 
iron pump was installed ond about 
18 years ago when the platform 
became dangerous the pump was 
taken out and the well was sealed 
with a concrete plsttiorm. 

A petition bearing 36 signatures 
)f residents of Postville, many of 
(Vhom drank from the old well was 
presented thS aldermen to have 
the well re- opened. The well is 
lined with limestone rock obtained 
from Rocky Ford and the same 
kind of rock used as a foundation 
f6r the old courthouse. 

Mayor Peter Murphy named a 
new board of health to include 
Alderman Jailies Burns and Claud 
Russell and Dr. Hubert Bradburri. j 

LLiicoli., 111. 

City Named For Lincoln 

Civil War President's Career Was Intimately Associated With 
History Of Logan County, Which He Fathered* 

Lincoln, June 29.— ThU is the cen- 
tennial year— for Pcstville and Mt. 
Pulaski — and likewise it is the cen- 
tennial year of the connection of 
Abraham Lincoln and this commu- 

Judge Lawrence B. Stringer, stu- 
dent of Lincoln lore, who has com- 
piled a history of Logan county as 
well as having assembled many 
things of interest about Abraham 
Lincoln, has the following to s^y: 

"The history of Logan county and 
the history of Abraham Lincoln im- 
pinge upon each other, where they 
do not run in parallel grooves. The 
history of Logan county could no 
more be written without frequent ref- 
erences to incidents in Lincoln's life, 
than could be written the history 
of th-! state, the nation or the world, 
without a record of Lincoln's deeds. 
From the time he came from Ken- 
tucky to Illinois, to the time he be- 
came president of the na,tion, his 
career was inseparably connected 
■with the growth, progress and de- 
velopment of Logan county. 

Formed Logan County. 

"He was Logan county's surveyor, 
Logan county's lawyer and Logan 
county's friend. He formed and cre- 
ated the county, as far as its legal 
and government entity was con- 
cerned. He was the father of the bill 
that brought it into being and gave 
it constitutional life. He was the 
autocrat wfio said what territory 
it should and should not contain and 
how far its boundaries should ex- 
tend. He was its adviser and advo- 
cate in all affairs of a legal trend 
and followed its fortunes, defending 
it at every turn, to the supreme 
tribunal of the state. 

"He wa^ the personal friend of 
the early settler and pioneer of the 
county, visited their homes, knew 
them by their Christian names, at- 
tended to their lawsuits, inspired 
the n with his homespun integrity 
and entertained them with his ready 

Known As Friend. 

"Other locahties may remember 
Lincoln as the president, hero of the 
war, savior of his country, and the 
martyr of a righteous cause, but 
to Logan county and central Illinois, 
alone, belongs the Lincoln of the 
black loam, who built his neighbor's 
cabin and hoed his neighbor's corn, 
lollowed a rough justice around a 
rough circuit, tended the bedside of 
many a sick coward, who feared the 
judgment— the same physician who 
wa5 to tend the bedside of the na- 
tion in her agony, whose large hand 
was to be on her feeble pulse and 
whose knowledge, almost divine, was 
to work out the miiacle of her heal- 

Apparently Abraham Lincoln made 
hi;^ first official contact in the terri- 
tory what is now Logan county June 
16, 1836, just a hundred years ago, 
when as deputy county surveyor oL 

Mt. Pulaski, at which Lincoln was- 
not present 

It was while attending court in 
Postville in 1843 that Lincoln was 
given the nickname "Honest Abe" by 
Judge Ti'eat when Lincoln sent word 
to the court in aiiswer to a request 
to defend a client whom Lincoln had 
known was guilty, "I can't come: My 
hands are dirty and I want to clean 
them." Lincoln" was playing ball in 
the Postville park when the sheriff 
found him. 

Attorney In High Court. 

In the first case ever appealed to the 
supreme court from Logan county 
court, Lincoln served as an attorney 
for the county. It was the case of 
Lucien B. Adams vs. county of Logan 
which arose over the removal of the 
county seat from Postville to Mt. 

Lincoln, 111., Is the only town In 
the world named for Abraham Lin- 
coln, with his consent, before he be- 
came famous. As an attorney for 
the proprietors for the new town of 
Lincoln, which was founded in 1853 
with the comnig of the railroad. Col. 
Robert B. Latham, John D. Gillett 
and Virgil Hickox conferred with 
Lincoln in Springfield as to arrange- 
ments for the contemplated sale of 
lots m the proposed new town. 

Colonel Latham suggested the town 
be named for Mr. Lincoln and to that 
Lincoln replied: 

"You'd b?tter not do that, for I 
never knew anything named Lincoln 
that amounted to much." 

On the day of the sale of lots Lin- 
coln christened the new to\vn with 
the juice of two watermelons. 
Origin Of Saying. 

At the time of his death Mr. Lin- 
coln owned a lot on the south side 
of the courthouse square in this city. 
This lot is now the property of D. 
H. Harts and a bronze tablet marks 
the place. 

The expression, "You can fool part 
of the people aU of the time, and 
all of the people part of the time, 
but you can't fool all the people all 
the time," was made by Mr. Lincoln 
when a candidate for United States 
senator in 1858 ftom a stand erected 
on the northeast corner of the court- 
house square. 

Following Mr. Lincoln's nomination 
for the presidency at the now fa- 

mous 'Wigwam convention In Chicago 
May 18, 1860, the first organization 
of Lincoln "'Wide-awakes" was 
formed at Atlanta June 22, 1860. An- 
other was formed in Lincoln and the 
"Lincoln Guards" was formed in Mt. 
Pulaski. In the council chamber of 
the city hall in Lincoln Is a rough 
sketch of Abraham Lincoln In lamp- 
black on rough cloth; It was used as 
a banner during the campaign by the 
Atlanta "'Wideawakes." 

Monuments Are Few, 

In Logan county today monuments 
of Mr. Lincoln are few. Tine old Post- 
ville courthouse was purchased by 
Henry Ford from the late Mrs. Timo- 
thy T. Beach and moved to Green- 
field, Mich., where it was restored in 
1929. However to Judge Stringer's 
notion Mr. Ford ruined the sentiment 
and interior of the old courthouse 
when he placed a modern fireplace in 
it. The fireplace and chimney on 
the outside were not reproduced as it 
was in the old days, either. 

There are a few records in the 
Logan county courts which had been 
fUed by Lincoln while many others 
were destroyed when the old court- 
house burned. A number of years 
ago some of the court records were re- 
moved by persons not entitled to 

Park Still Remains. 

Other landmarks Include: 

The Postville park where Mr. Lin- 
coln indulged in pioneer sports with 
the early settlers. 

The Old Primm store, erected In 
1837, the original post office, now 
occupied by Camp Lincoln. 

Site of the Old Postville tavem on 
Fifth street opposite the site of the 

Present Logan county courthouse 
grounds on which two former court- 
houses stood in which Mr. Lincoln 
practiced law from 1853 until he be- 
came president. 

Triangular lot, 'Union and Fifth 
streets where Douglas spoke in a tent, 
Sept. 5, 1858, with Lincoln as an 

Site of original Lincoln house, 
.Broadway and Chicago streets, where 
Lincoln was a frequent guest. 

Site of original C. & A. depot where 
the first Logan county volunteers em- 
barked for the Civil war, April 21, 
1861; where Douglas spoke briefly for 

the Union cause April 26, 1861, and 
where the Lincoln funeral train 
' halted briefly at sumlse May 3, 1865. 

Lincoln college, ground for which 
was broken on Feb. 12, 1865, Lincoln's 
last living birthday. 

Imty he lanaea atT 

•.d made the survey of' 
vbany on the west banks 
,.. So far as is known 
•er boasted a habitation, 
t few years fanners in cul- 
i.t, the fields have occasionally 
. oined up corner stones but now 
all trace of the survey has disap- 

In the division of the county of 
Sangamon into the counties of Men- 
ard, Logan and Christian, at first 
called Dane, an issue arose in that 
Sangamon county was opposed to the 
redistricting. and settlers in the out- 
lying districts presented Abraham 
Lincoln as their champion and can- 
didate for the legislature. This issue, 
which resulted in the creation of Logan 
county, brought Lincoln into public 
life for the first time. 

Named New County. 

Lincoln served as the chairman 
on the committee on counties and 
one of two bills first presented by 
Lincoln when he became elected to 
the legislature was for the creation 
of Logan county. It was Lincoln who 
named the new county Logan— for 
Doctor Logan of Jackson county, 111., 
who no doubt helped Lincoln get the 
bill passed in 1839. 

Jt was as a lawyer that Lincoln 
was best known to central Illinois 
settlers. The same year the county 
was formed the famous Eighth judi- 
cial circuit was organized and Lincoln 
was a popular attorney in that cir- 
cuit. Comparatively few, if any, were 
t: -i terms of the Logan county cir- 
cuit coiu-t, either at Postville or at 


Old Postville Courthouse 

This hitherto unpublished picture, showing the old Postville court- 
house at Lincoln, was taken more than fifty years ago by the late E. C. 
Schwertferger and is now in the possession of Logan County Judge 
Lawrence B. Stringer. The old hitching post is in front; to the left is 
the old well. The building is shown at the time before it was used as a 
private residence. It has since been purchased by Henry Ford and moved 
to his museum at Greenfield, Mich. 

T^.^^^^> Til 

(UMMdt by 'filli*^ Atkins, 829 f«dn Street, Lincoln, lUinoi* - J«», X987) 


In 1864 the ohurohoa of th* Cmberland Preabs^erlM», eobrmoed within «io tynoAe 
of Indiana, IllinolB. «id loea, re-olved to ondoir a University for «!• ©reat Y%tt* 
This WM n«fsMit»t«d by the d©«tri»otion of noat of their eohoole during the 
they havine been located, prineipelly. in tiai Southern Statee. 

•niue the "Angel of Pe«ee« ^mMi eoidet the celwdtlee of t/e Um ««l 

the proposition oricinated in Indiana, and mB first proposed !.mrs. Jsnes Kltohey 
•ad EUo JtoCord. Illinois and Io«* espittiti the oeuse with the spirit of tJ^e ministry 
of these states, snd five oaamissl««rs, one fr<M eeoh synod, iwre appointod to teUst 
• looation. Rev. J«ae8 Thlte. th«i pastor at Linoolii, but oow of Tallula. Illinois, 
«^terod Lnto tl^ worlc with .eal and ^ srom «<5 ^ o«ortions 

•ad influsoce. backed bgr the citisene of Ufi^^Sn, is d«» auoh of the orsdit of its 
Utmtim here. Col. H. B. lAthaa, A. C. B^. ««l «^«r». »ug6est«i ths mtter to 
«r. ifhite, ^10, aft«. dlsousslns the subject, called a neoting of tiie citieona at the 
court houso. in the fall of 1664. The -.^iag ~ largely attendiid by our oitisen., 
for three years had been eonstaably apv>ealed to f«r the sinews of wwr, but who cMly 
contributed of their neons to erect a t«.ple to be dedicated to the "Goddess of i^e," 
•r.d 11,000 wo raised at the first neetinc. wt^h was afterward incroased to O«4,000, 
^ a site for the University, consistins of eleven a«»es of land , donated by Col. R. B. 
I^tlNB* **n yatt, and J. D. OiUett, iisqs. 

Bffr esac tho strua>. eowalssioners wwe nearly all instructed in fswor of 
hcsM loeetiSB. Amed with tho subscriptions, :ir. rihito, as the delecate from Lincoln, 
^^.„nt»i the mtter to the e«aMion«ni *^t thoir nootinc at l?t. Eion, net>r «oatur, in 
February, 1866. So stronc w«»e the hd«e location olains ur^ed, t*at he w«i barely able 
to secure a vioit to ^ point, which w. n«b «ay after Uie adJourm«nt. The nomine 

wtm eol4 and rmixxy^ diiBMil msl dr^ftryi iTut oixr titismm ^sm f0rth wil^ ^fsirfti hoorte to 

on* •«ioet«<l. UmmmH grwt^d n ito|©<ibi®-^12i® ©loads diiMipi«woa— — 
« mm &VBX shod light lapcm mmm-r^^ tmiM of e«ra &t tihi« tisi9 1^ l^e A^pot^ «M 
mMTiag ov«r our twftutlful m^m^, aiM & eMei U mm rlm^ iature mpt Joia^i 
in tli« wlia«m©a8 me pa«s«i— "^-th© *''e«aaiwta was foi3ssa"**«^th® ©ssetaatio® 

la au« tisie o«ffifii«i«^ t(9 ^ «tttHNi ^ E«lis^* ^* B9imm$ mid hetinmm^i ft sotnrii* 
Of hamr to cmr oiti8(ma» mad ft b|<»»&ii3g to mzMM* 

m» we r«i<ir4 ft pert of ^0 trftditimis of ©11® of Losfina's aost liimoroS imtitiitioxui» 
Orot^ vftft W^Hm in o» tho mmi-^mt^f of ttw hoii3r«a naa niim® mm it bears, 

(«tJGf5«»t«S h^j aoha ?^tt, aig.i mio of the flrot truatooft), nad wan to f ®r ooraplertod 
lir tlio lit of 0ofl«iWt l@6@t ^t it i«ft« opmo<l for t^e roe^ion of stutetts* 

mo iiMtitttiiiwi hm tmA throo pNMliaii*%ft| f ir«t# i3r. A»«| Fr««Biia, tfciwa whoa a aaro 
gOQorouo mind awer ilrootod tho young tn ooeroh of Imowlodso, x&io tms ®tjeo©eaei3 by Dr» 
<r« e» Bowtat «lio« fftiling in hml^ imdlor tho ordtuous |ftl3oro of I»l;io l^prtasil %rm% 
mn »oon oftllo^ hroo, m3&^»»^ 

"»io io goaao, yei» ^om forovw, 

fwm tho buoy mil;© of Itfoi 
INmhi to ^lioUIL txiyt^tid tho rifi^r. 
In that mmg fro© trm otrifo.'' 

"'Safe our loos rauot D© hio ge^ixt, 
Sluoo in Qofl w ploood hie trjoti 
80 Itto gflrit froo fr<ia paiai 
poaoo bo to hio olooping (lu»t#* 
Br« A* J# MoOly©^, ft porfoot aodol of diooiplia®, thoa took, md otUl holds tho 
honorod peoltlon» Tho %lwoity, thus far, has prm»d a forfoot 8«oco»si the praotioa 

^ .nd Ul kln<Jr«i ln.tltutlaM to — « lUt of .uoo«..fta ««. in llf. «- 

U«oln U„iv«.lty con Ero*».. oon.ld«rln6 tho tto. it h« b-. to op—tloa. 1^ 
Sr.*.t« n«- rt«d at tho^S^S. offlo.™ ana t««.h<»-. of ooUOGC .»lnarle.. 
public «*ool., «.o pulpit, tho bar. the oOltori.1 oh^. ^ th. «*io.a fratomlty. 
„, npTMontod by th. M«mi of thU r*.«*ly oriy^'A lMtlt«tl«. 

If F.oulty .« -« in th. prl»« of llfo. ,ho n«t <»Xy Sl" • thoro«g». -action in 
tho ooUd moir««nf . ^ .JPr«iato «>o n«..«.ity of «» fU-r orf. Bu.1. r- 

o.i«. it. .haro of att^tlon. «d th. d-«^ of «^ «««r.a t*. 

not- of ««. pKmo. the nelody of th. orc«. atocline in h«-»lo«. uni«a 1th «.o .oft 
I. «r th. cultar. md richly eultlwt.4 h»i«> toIooo. 

In .o«.lu.lon. ^ -ould ..y to all «ho dwlr. to giv. tholr ohlldr« a «»nd «» 
„|lA.d .d«atlon. «>tru.t to th. f«.«lty of ^ inrtit-tl-. to *lrt w. h«r. 


ProTetsor of total ana *oral rhUoeojIjy 
frofeesor of Aj»i«it lAricPS^ 

I|»ofooear of natural Selerxjoo 

B, F# tloCordt ^* 
l^foaoor of i^th«»atlo« 

SMHoel Hlohi»r<ls» D« 
Profooaor of Syetomtlo Theology 

?rofe«8or of Pt^etwral Theology 

Di,«,tor of i,i»..ln ^mmn umvlty Con.«*ator/ of L-usio 

Hlse i5oreh J» ?«oCo^d 
mfessor of aoGlioh Literature 

A. l^ilUf A. B« 

mm* I* mikliticsi 

A imSEiS* ISISTlTtJfg 

4^ tlift ettuot^t bat (Ml33^' to the agnail atteodim^t ®M a mxiii of liit^r^t In wMt 

to b9 ^inAf ittodt the imterprisd itmi &ib«i»taod mtil teeh* 1367, md@r th@ dlr«sctic»i 

Ifip* chftl^aat* «ffio Wka St^ertofcaadeat at that t2a©, a @ms%m of fiw de^i® !i#M» 
Swrtnt^ei^t toaoh^s mre in attm^^am® at thit li)dtlttit«>« % Ufiily l3xt^piMit i«»t 

&tt«atee«« iv!iioh r«ii]at«(l iM mtimWLSMhixm 

Hi comst m^rnm* mnmmg 
wm mm fitm §mmmm^ ImM^^imm ^ tij« ootarrt^. oo© <«» two «os8ioM ii^ i)€>«i 
Mh yw* sime ttmt tliR«« «««lii»ilac ftw on« to four «e©l3» p*odB»iag trwy bo»t 
of ro«ult«« 

At mm wiowi •••«i<m» mmUem^t iBotrwtlooi niSNi fS-Toa m^* iSoQlmplsyt 
H«iditt« i(l»»r4», !lianiU« meeitt Mot©ft3tf , mmmm, CUSJMfg rwmwt Ectillia «aa 

gvonlBg l«ottir©» hmm boon doliirorod by ^'^oets, m^mms^ m^^m, immt6m» imim^n 
Profi* Howitt, TxBmoTi B-foGrw* and St^erintoadoat Chelf^Bt* 

Tho couatjr euswlntoadsists to ox^fiolo Fr®«id«Kt of tho InotitaEto, the tmm of 
«i« Soorotarloo* otaoo tJio powaaaoafe or^uaiaation, in 1967 ere m Smtlmm^ ®* ^. iJ^sKjersTi 
B. r» Cooiiir, Jim S. WfM»i» ?# 1»* lto.t<^«tt, J# ?• H^rSOf B# ®» Htalteoat »ttt« ^feblt, aa^ 
W, n.wpm» M ftdiaition to tlj« cowty InBtitufco a imbor of ImmX or towsM^lp lastittsfcoi 
aro anmiiaXy liold tlirw»^kioat tlio wmw^f, attondod wim tiio most owttof itotoiT reo^lt»t 
•howing « oonstantly imroating Intorost la tho amtt^r of ©diioatiaai 

Page 5 

. . . . 

on the 15th of Feb.. 13S9. losan .ounty. a» It now .tand., ee»e into actual ex- 
Ltenoe. and received its n««e in honor of Dr. JOim U)GAH, «iaold resident of the State. 
*o at the tiae of the passas. of the act organisms the county, was a member of th. 

LegislatTire from Jackson county. 

our county is situated in the geosraphlcal center of Illinois, "the 0«-den Stat. 
,f the IJhion." the surface gently undulating, the climate salubrious and healthy, th. | 
soil rich and productive. «ell adapted to raising ™he.t. com. oats, barley.«. ] 
etc. In fruite apples, pears. and^^^eldo» fail, and good crops of peaches are - 

frequently obtained. ^11 fruit and berries of all kinds are easily cultivated . and ■! 
are beginning to be raisod in considerable quantity for heme consumption, and might b. 


cultivated with profit for shipment. , 
Th, county is well supplied with mter for stock by Salt Creek. ™hich run. througb | 
the center from east to .est. with its tributaries. Prairie. Sugan. Kickapoo. and Deer : 
creeks, whose b«*» are skirted with groves of ttober. ^t not in very great abundance, 
coal, however, is found in all parts of the county, in large quantities, which, in a short I 
tine Will supply the plac. of wood for fuel. «.d the h.dge is being extensively introduced ! 


for fencing pxirposes. j 

•v,^ ffin^^llv In o\ir history of the county. Let us [^o back, *t 
But we are progressing too rapiaxy in our uxouw^jr " i 

least in imaslnaticn. to the tl»e when such hardy pioneers as JAMES UffiAM. EOBm BXKI^ ■ 

and JOra HMiES c«nped by the side of the clear waters of our beautiful streamc. sleeping ^ 

under the canvas of their wagons, with tribes of roving Indian, hoverlng^ut on every j 
side, content vdth their "Jonny-oake" and vrtld game for food, and the 'W^skin and 

hcme-spun" for clothing, wh«> th. gre» hills were covered with a thousand varieties of • 
beautiful flowers, .*en the woods were filled with the featheriApngster and the ni«bl. 

.quirrel. resting on the mb. of th. sturdy oak, that had never heard «.e sound of th. ! 
wcoaman.s ax, when the deer. th. antelope and the buffalo graced the sunny slopes and drank 
the clear, sparklinc water fro» the brooks, without the fear of the deadly ball from th. 

trm the ht«tcr*t fiSUi l»t m ©oatraat the pemt vlth tati© pws^asfcf lot m m«jw t«&© a 
Tiwr in reality, and ovwr tli© wU*b«at«a with t^i* ^mn bo4©« on ©Itlim- 
tmA bi^QoA gr««B fluX^ itately com, 1^® wvlag tha aaoo^i a@ftdiWt 

and <aie paftttu-es eweraS with ©attla wwaitlng «hlpB«HQ* to cr©ml®d aitie® of tJia uaat, 
lat m raat for a jsmmslfi and eonaldw^ In datail Bom of tha swpir ic%^wcEa<Kit8 ni^t haw, 
la a ahcrt tloa, gjrowsi tip la «i«Nr ml<l»t« 

Tliw^a ara now mljraaaa wtia^ia l^a limit® of tha eo^altsy the cities af Lii»ola aad 
Atlanta, ana t!ia irlllagaa of 3roaaw«U, BmBm^Oimtimt^ ?iomlmid, Li^ hart, SasKso, iiartalsargt 
U«iam, Unmaala, Mid4li»ta«i, Kt. Fulaa^, m^i ^osa, Burton Tlw, tiw n®ltoi and Skaltcm, 

Th© ommty oontala* $99,91^ aoy©®, <tf S6S,94i sara Sa|ar<2«^» smd E0,J^6 ®»r«« 

uaiaptfwad. Of tha imprwad lan4, 16,000 aeres ar© oaltiwtaa in nfeaat,, 140,(X30 in oom, 
tha tjatoaa, S07,9SS in othar grain. wgatalAeo, mma.mti msd ^m^mmm 

Tha vaalth amy ba iMrtJteia^ ^ tha a»a«ssa«nt at&tiaticg of %jm* 
HuBibar of iior»a»A?#W»»««»#»»»»»»#»«»*»«»«*»*»**»»**»***'****»**»»*****^ 642,GIS 

Stiabor of Cattl«,tif4ftt»»««»»»««»*««-»»»»*******»*** £15,946 

* " Sl'i«e^,4,0ll««#»««»««««»*««»##«««#»»«»«»'»»»»«»«*»«*'"""'*»******* '5't^29 

" Ho^a, 40,67a»##. *••••••♦*•♦♦♦♦••••••••••••••*•••••••••••••••••• ^^^i*^ 

Total iralua of stoa&»#.*»»»*»»«*»»»»*««»«*»»«» •*»####»»«**?IM^S,emJ 

total valua of ioreonal lafoparty*. •*•♦•••♦•♦•. ^,670,670 
» " " laal E«tata«.»»«#. » .•.•♦.••,#tt#«»»tll#726,^36 

« " » lailrocid Fpeixrty* ^^.t^^^^ 

fatal aaaaaaad imliaa»##««#»i»«»f»»«»»»**«»»»^^MSB»6^ 
Tha •taady iaaraaaa in population la ehown by th© fallflwln^^^ tablai 
T^ ^ y l>iOpalaticm 

1840«»»« •••»♦. •.•••#.-•.••••••••2,9^3 

1880»»« #♦#••#•«•♦♦*•♦♦•♦••••• -•••••••••••*»*****®*^ 

iaeo««,.#«»*,»f»»»«#».»«»««»»»»»»»»«»»**»»**«»*^^»^^^ - 

1365, •.,♦.•••••»••••♦•••••••••••••••••••••••••••• •*»»^* 

1370 '^-^z ''^ 

1076(«ittaftt«4) • ^9^^ 

fb. first oooaty scat ^ Xooatod in PostrrlU*, (wur * pprt of iti* olty of 
Lln-Xn.) iv«^^lt~r<^cdto«t. ,n*Xi^l la 1647. end <m the Utl. 
of rebnmry 18M ~ •S'^ r«otrad «nd lo©*t«l on section 31. loim 20. Vm^^ 2. 
Cnoir te^ in th. City.) and •bout «• »iU east of it« first 


ftm «f P'o«t^Ui«i aaw ©onotltttt-,!'?^, m pert of th* Toxspth wmp^ in tli« oity 
of lineoln, «ma at on* ti^a© hwr&ag hmor of iMiliC ©ai«a m» oomt^ ®»»t af Logun 
eov^tn was iaiti ^ mmmXl Foat* f ©r a liias^^ of ^ew© ^f&rdnd m 

plm^ of rmt for rmi bmmt wheii tr«r«r®iiig tb# Ere«i^ liD'ul® ijrairl©© of Illl?:ioigf 
F-^t ir- nqt p\«*|50©« to ©iafel ior our thriviiii?: ei%y timt aiAiqwitj i?«-ii0h 

to ^:r^h «t » tSs» 90 r«««it tiiHt it m^'^m» m%hla tr^e r©noli©tvti<m ol^ 

s«n« '-t^ oif^en"' laj'i-' tod ©itiaosiii* 

imm^t qi^artw of 3;r«oti<m tbls'^j^-o^sj, "em 20 BRnfj© t tre^t, f®r er at t^i© rat© 

of C-IO per ^:cre* ' apeh^ ITO, tii«y laia out th@ <MPiaii«a ta%#n of Lirjoaln, » t^ 
<?ft'«r©d t,:!e lots »t ft vmblic mi i.h© I'JMi «5&^ ol' -Uuti*!'^, ^-"^^ v«r* 

At this o l» tt%9 hij^hwt prioo obtainod for ^« '.W. Tho two lots whioh tuff 
»im.ii&--Mltft--*s -"blm^lz^ ( 30 b;/ 150 f©©t ) sold for |^12S, or ¥62»S0 p«r l®t» M 

im, aill©tt paid I4CX30 for imrt of fi lot j«tJoinlaj^, { 20 'i^ fiO } fs^t, ^ at tlit 

rate of ?^M,»^0 lott 

7|j© flr.nt stores built 1^ 5'. -or®*i and ■.■ m-tlB, ar.d l^us^ias© ©ponoa iii it 

AW?-;: .fi|.8t «.,©roh«Bto, B,a2f frets lEtiS to IW, me.v ^ woationed sio»sr«« Hoa^ 
» .^ise.?? t"5?ssflnb©p 6th 1071 


Qfrio«rst reeidflntf I* H« ^1110} Yiee^prosldimty L* p* M«ro!mlX{ rritlo« 

J« o' hecorii^.] 'loorotnry, 'Xiff nallf ';o:too ■ ocrc'rr;/^ • • 

^« Viui Ord8trQ:'Mij "nrbhall iVoiis. Total laMUM r«o«rdio(l^ 273t x».aii>«r o ' 

Orcanljed ropteabap X867, Kisotto— r oolwa ois qpai «• .Tumnt Ad««« " Offftaarai 
f*«iidont 'Iss i.lla ^-vtci "'vloa-ri cc.l.'eut, 'lao imttl© 'ihai-utOhi Heodrdinii; t©or©» 
tary, , ; or: -ir j --.Rtnry^ M*ry V»B WAt«n| Tpawiurart 

uovL . ...iv i , , ..^ortap, ^*t» Anna ii'jFiitti crlt1«» 

Uiaa.ballfs rnsa::?©!©^:; i^oraiiAll^ ?^^4be4 "^tt, total nain*^ risoar^ nyt/ibar 
af gp&duatT.K 6; -.rccoTtt suaabaraMp 4C# 

Athania n 

Qpcarleed iobcsabar I686« ^lotta— ►** Spaa Sibl Quiaqiaa •» QffMrat >etl€«nft, 
J« L* t>ecor} Vioa».re3iderct J« ^mvidi CiiaplAAnt W« H* Smg^l 

>.acre--ary, J* f. Htotttf critic, T# E» if dti Tr«uiwr«rf » • ' 

Attoarncii-jf 'i, van ?att©.?i| ualicr, T** B* Loaraneai ULlMreji- , ... ^ - - --li 

Sanaa recorded, 266| incibar of *r«<?ya1;©s, 358 ,^«a«nt asaabare'dp, — — • 

l'?aa>t ro | ^ aan 

Op(r«Tji*«<i, ^-otto— " ; Of;' .-it 

Maltbyt ;'lao*.'- ..o, Ijuoy .-«0r5s .'ocai- .. . ■ , ^«itary, . 
raepondln^. i^ocrctJiry, 'In-^a ^^isdt'oyj viritic, / ^.oofittawoiij rh-j.^^lni.-., jxtio . lliari 
.roaaooti.i; . -.j, u/ cao-.ini ;tfir8?'.ali, ^g.;*-® -^^H* rv'-ien r&' OT^M 

00$ iiunocr c ^.tos 5| proaatit i-iciw.ersr-x;.' i3« 

Orgianlaad, J^jjio laos* nffioar«: '.^real'idut j« ?;tarLoy^ of •74i \ ice-.vaaitiaat 
4« B« Mllisn', of »71| :^ «<5erd' r; f 0er6-:;ari(V ^ i^y l^^lsoa of •72; Coarroa^'m'ilng 
8aapat»iry, lAzsle * all, of »75j :;pa'-suror, irfta * o: '72. 

^ chyohea ( paf^« 146 ) 

Plf«% ualMliat p U a ap a l churoh* Cbrsaniaad Varoh 17, 13S6, . or* of roadiAy and Lagan« 
Fint Hagular -aptlat Church, Drcaniaad ^r^il 10, 1356. Corii<a* roodswiy 'Ottawa 
Cmbarlaod iYaab^rtorlAn church, >ganiaad ©b. 2, 1357. Corner of o Ir; s^A Qtt»aa Stt#» 

Mator .T# V, •oi .'.'.v.x or, Z)^ r.j r-'uprt. of -wlay ■ ' col, :.r# I., J. .'c alutti^. 

mai ar of Maaliara, 500 1 ntrr^w In Cmv^ny 'ohool 260. Cijuday sarvloaa lOjoO A. 

and aranlnct SuatSay e ool, 2t50 « :'•« 
Christian Churoh, Organiaad 1367, 99 ?a'-ln, b«^i««n loLaaa aod iakajpoa* 
Oawipratatioml Chtureh, Organitad, 16S9« rcx*r.^ oi' ^iroadaay and Ottawu 
Mogalioal st« John«8 churoh ( aernaa ) Orc^iaod, 1995* Coraar Uil^attB mod ClMmu 
Oarnan ("at^olic "^ •r'^h, Trf-aj-itod 1365. rnan^^r . o^irt and Haplo . t8*aot8« 
Cattielio church ( :t« .^trloicU ) (Jrganiaod 1867— »102 Lo./m, bail»»eu cliatan awt t)©Gatap» 
Praa^grtarian Church, Opganiaad 13^ « norr^or of t»'l-^ ft^.d 30 l^aan Sta* t*atsr Rev, u 
Craafardi ru.t* of Sunday Soiiooli A, ^. .: u^bar of liiaujex'o, II61 i!4»« 

in J^uaday rohool, 180. unlay aartrioaa io:v»- / • '4» anvl •vac'l^sj \uuut^ LcLoal 
at £idO« 

also lift 

acoLn, 111 

Logan County^s^Firs?' 

25 Pioneer Settlers 

(Written for the Evening Courier) 
A questionaire was recently sub- 
mitted to the students of a class of 
history in the Springfield schools, 
wherein each student was requested 
to write down the names of twenty- 
five persons who were prominent in 
the creation and early development 
of Sangamon county. 

Each and every paper turned in 
contained, as a matter of course, 
the name of Abraham Lincoln h}^ 
^10 other n^ame w ha t.snfiver- This 
event, through the efforts of the D. 
A. R. organization, of Springfield, 
has greatly stimu- 
lated the study of 
pioneer history in 
that city. 

Wondering what 
the result would 
be if a similar 
questionaire were 
submitted to stud- 
ent classes in and 
as to Logan coun- 
ty, I have pre- 
pared what I have 
considered to be 
JUDGE a list of twenty- 

STRINGEB five outstanding 
characters among the pioneers of 
Logan County. 

James Latham No. 1. 

(1) James Latham; first white 
settler in what is now Logan coun- 
ty: came from Kentucky, with his 
wife, Mary (Briggs)) Latham, and 
family, and located at Elkhart hill, 
in the spring of 1819; two of his 
sons, Richard and Robert, were 
prominent in early Logan county 
history; built at Elkhart hill the 
first horse mill in Illinois, north of 
Edwardsville ; fii-st Probate Justice 
of Sangamon county, when present 
Logan was a part thereof; United 
States Indian Agent at Port Clark, 
near site of present Peoria; died in 

(2) Robert Musick: second white 
settler in present Logan county; lo- 
cated with wife, Sarah, and family, 
on Sugar Creek, north of present 
site of Lincoln, in the fall of 1819; 
early road viewer; father of ten 
children, one of whom, George, was 
a pioneer merchant in Postville and 
Sheriff in 1856. 

(3) James Chapman: came with 
his ,/ather-in-law, James Latham, 
and Swith his wife, Elizabeth, and 
family, and first located on the 
Sangamon river; established the 
first ferry over that stream; a year 
later, settled in the Lake Fork val- 
ley; later moved to Rocky ford and 
then to Elkhart hill; built first brick 
'building in present Logan county; 
died in 1865. 

First Sch»ol Teachers. 

(4) Erastus Wright; first school 
teacher in present Logan county; 
taught school at James Lathams 
in 1821'; School Commissioner of 
Sangamon county, when pre.sent Lo- 
gan was a part tliereof; was famous 
for driving an elk in harness; laid 
out the town of West Lincoln, as 
an addition to Lincoln; killed by an 
Alton passenger train in 1870. 

(5) James Turley: first perma- 
nent settler in the Lake Fork val- 

and his sons, Joseph, Benjamin, Al- 
fred and David, in present Emi- 
nence township; established what 
was known as "Orendorffs mill" 
about 1827, which mill, after his 
death, passed into the hands of 
John Morgan and was thereafter 
known as "Morgan's mill"; died in 
1829; his son, Jo.seph, later establish- 
ed a pioneer mill on Kickapoo creek, 

ley; came from Kentucky with hLs 

wife, A\gnes (Kirby) Turley and . ^^^^^ ^^^^^ Lincoln 

family; was an arbitrator between 1 ^^3, Michael Mann: : 
the whites and the Indians, father 

of fourteen children, seven of each 
sex; his son, George W., was a life- 
time Justice of the Peace and was 
one of the founders of Mt. Pulaski. 

(6) Rohert Buckles: early white 
settler in Lake Fork valley; came 
with his father-in-law, Jeremiah 
Birks, and his wife, Mary (Birks) 
Buckles, and a numerous family; 
elected County Commissioner of Lo- 
gan county in 1843; died in 1866; 
his widow, Mary Buckles, known as 
"Aunt Polly", was, at her death in 
1888, the ancestor of 285 living des 

(7) Jeremiah Birks: early settler 
in Lake Fork valley; located with 
his wife, Elizabeth (Brown) Birks, 
and family of eight children, at the 
mouth cf Lake Pork; at death of 
first wife, married Rhoda, daughter 
of Hugh Collins; was famous as a 
deer hunter; later moved north- 
ward in present Mt. Pulaski town- 
ship; the Steenbergen cemetery, well 
known in pioneer history, was lo- 
cated upon his land. 

By Covered Wagon. 

(8) Robert Downing: first .settler 
in Salt creek settlement, north of 
present Mt. Pulaski; came in cov- 
ered wagon, from New York, with 
his parents, John and Hannah, his 
wife, Jane (Morrow) Downing, and 
his brother, James, and families; 
veteran of the war of 1812; member 
of the first board of commissioners 
of Logan county; died in 1887, aged 
ninety-three years. 
/ (9) John Hoblit: first white set- 
'tler in Big Grove settlement, in pres- 
ent Atlanta township; came from 
Ohio, with his wife, Millicent (Ste- 
ward) Hoblit, and eleven children; 
his son, Samuel, built a two-story 
house on the old stage road, from 
Springfield to Bloomington, where 
he frequently ent£rtained_.Aliral^ 
L iiicoln and oth er __^ifcuit-riding 
lawyers;" another son, Timothy B,, 
was the promoter of the pioneer 
town of Nek Castle, antecedent of 

present Atlanta, laid out in 1836 up- 
on the land of Mahlon H. Hoblit, his 
.brother; died in 1844. 

tlO) Charles P. Ewing: early set- 
tler in present Eminence township; 
came with his wife, Mary, his 
brother, John, and respective fami- 
lies; second State Representative 
from Logan county in 1842; at his 
death was the owner of over 1500 
acres of Logan county land; his 
nephew, Rueben Ewing, was County 
Judge in 1857 and one of the pro- 
moters cf the now extinct town of 

(11) Carter Scroggin: early set- 
tler, with hLs wife. Phebe (Shelby) 
Scroggin, and family, in the Lake 
Pork timber, south of present Mt. 
Pulaski; died in 1859; his son, Leon- 
ard K., built the first large business 
structures in Mt. Pulaski, was a pa- 
tron of the town and, at his death, 
was the most extensive land owner 
in Logan county. 

< Orendorffs Mill. 

(12) Christopher Oi-endorff: ear- 
ly settler, with his wife. Elizabeth. 

first local 

preached in what is now Logan 
county; came to the Big Grove set- 
tlement with Samuel Hoblit and 
family; promoted the organization 
cf the Big Grove Baptist church hi 
1830, which now continues in Atlan- 
ta, 137 years after its organization; 
first Probate Justice of Logan coun- 
ty; died in 1866. 

(14) John Shoup: early settler, 
with his wife, Hannah, and family, 
in present Chester township; was a 
promoter of the creation of Logan 
county in 1839; was the first chair- 
man of its fii'st board of commis- 
sioners and the first organization 
meeting of the county took place at 
his home, near present Pleasant 
Grove sclaool house; was captain of 
early county militia. 

(15) Thomas R. Skinner: pioneer 
surveyor; deputy surveyor of Sanga- 
mon county, when Logan was a 
part thereof; surveyed the town of 
Mt. Pulaski in 1836; elected 
County Surveyor of Logan county; 
Colonel of early state militia; elect- 
ed County Judge in 1840, continuing 
in that office until his death in 

(16) John Lucas: early settler, 
with his parents, Abraham and Mar- 
cy Lucas, and his brothers, in pres- 
ent Mt. Pulaski township; married 
Sarah Bowman, pioneer Justice of 
the Peace; elected Sheriff of Logan 
county in 1848; elected State Repre- 
sentative in 1848, .serving with Ed- 
wards Carlin and Yates, later Gov- 
ernors of Illinois; died in 1855. 

Mt. Pulaski's Founder. 

(17) John Capps: leading spirit 
and one of the founders of Mt. Pul- 
aski; finst school teacher in Sanga- 
mon county; came from Springfield 
in 1836 to the then new town of Mt. 
Pulaski, with his wife. Prudence 
(Stafford) Capps, and his sons, 
Charles, Ebeneezer and Oliver; es- 
tablished store in Mt. Pulaski, 
known as "Capp's Headquarters"; 
on death of first wife, married Eliz- 
abeth Baker; was father of ten chil- 
dren in all; was first Recorder of 
Logan county; was postmaster of Mt. 
Pulaski for fifteen years; died in 
1896. being over 99 years of age. 

(18) Colbey Knapp: promoter of 
town of Middletown; came there, 
with his wife, Catherine, in 1836; 
postmaster of Middletown for 23 
years; township treasurer for 20 
years; Probate Justice of Logan 
county in 1840; elected State Repre- 
sentative in 1851; elected State Sen- 
ator in 1862 and secured the passage 
of the special act creating Lincoln 
University; first treasurer of the Un- 
iversity; moved to Lincoln in 1864 
and Mayor of the city in 1869; died 
i n 1882. > 

' (19) " James Primm : early resi- 
dent of Postville, with his wife, Han- 
nah; first, pn.stm aster in Po.stv iUe; Circuit Clerk: and nrst Master 
in Chancery of Logan county in 
1839; County Recorder in 1843; 
School Commissioner of county in 
1845; extensive laiid,gpexiulaior and 
deectelal£t333™^ court house 
sauEureoTTTmcomto Abraham Lin- 

/ ,23) John D. GUlet: fjr.t located 

miker in PostviUe; raised a '^""VJ ^ c 4 oT Logan county land; had 
pan; of volunteers for the M^exjcan reputation as a f ck 

war, of which company he ^as cap shipper; earned a 

tun and which participated in tl e r^i^^ ^ ^y,^^-,^ Parks, and afte 
S ous battle of Cerro Gordo, wheie f^ufehte o daughter of Gov. 

U It George M. Cowardm and ^^ei d^atn ^^^^^^ej^rosm^QIA 
Pmate Nathaniel MUton were "YJ S Jhe t '^nVSmco^^ 
^antly ^^led, hei..g fu-s^ Lo,.^^ 

6000 acres of land present Logan 
county; elected Sheritt in 1852 se 
cured rightofjva_yAhroujih_Uie^ 
t"y orwhk^wisJateLknow 
Chicago and Alton raihpad, one ot 
St p?&rfetors of:iheJown_of J^' 
rT^n-'-eEcted^State Representative 
??860 colonel of the 106th Illinois 
Regiment in the Civil war; member 
n ?t"l.oard of Trustees of Lincoln 
university, later /re.sident, fg^ 
nuentliL. t^^-^^^-^^--^-~^L'-^^- 
from ~boyhoodj^_diedjn J^aio^ . 

of the iownjJj_^Jid^:^::i:j - tn^n- 
stantiv KuiL-u, K^.'-'t, - (, ,..S TiT^TTricirbuildings on "le 
county soldiers to die for the tl^'Si;^^^^^^ induding the former Lincoln 
ejected Sheriff in 1848, loUowmg F site, mcma (,__^^ ,v.p .nrnmercial 

/V. Samuel C. Parks: came from 
Si rilifield. wiith his wife, Eli7.a- 
and ocated in Mt. Pulaski la 

U AbraTTIInrTuncanrTl both_Mt. 

, alfmrs of Lincoln; d.cdmW88, 

fairs CI ijineuiii, .^^v,,* --- - 
- 24 Leo W. Myers: son of Jon- 
athon Myers, who erected the Uis , 

J;EdmundRan^n,whena o^^^ 

'mi-ssioner of Logan county in 1849. , '^^^J" ^^^,^ was lieutenant of 

moved to Lincoln in 1853 f"^' ^"!iM/^'^^^J^,ny in the Civil war and m- 
vne home occupied by ^e^>- ^iHed at the batUe of oh. 

S^r^Shls^eat^^SUte Repre- 
tentative in 1854; delegate to Na 
Sal convention which nominat- 
Pd Jehn C Fremont for President 
in isi- delegate to National Con- 
"ntSn' which nominated Abraham 
Lincoln for President m 1860; P^^f^^ 
idential elector for G".^- ^ '"^^^ S 
1 1863- appointed territorial Judt^e oi 
I daho b.l president Lincoln, mem- 
ber of the Constitutional Conven 

V-ipinp With JOnn n.. i-'Liit. 

same battle, the first Logan county 
so diers to fall in the Civil war; was 
buded ..Sh military hoi.ors at Lucas 
Chapel near Rockyford, and the G 
A R post of Lincoln was named 

.pf2-|^"Wr5^1^- ,^0 
Luh his rather, James Latham, to 

fckhax-t hill m 1819; entered some 

.incoln, 111* 

Honor Lincoln 
With Tablet 

Impressive ceremonies mS-ked 
the unveiling of the bronze tablet 
telling of the incident of Abraham 
Lincoln sitting as a judge of the 
Logan county circuit court m 1857 
in the Lincoln Christian church m 
an outdoor service held funday 
afternoon at the church and Latham 

^^The Rev. Earl C. Hargrove, pastor 
of the church, spoke bnisfly on 
Abraham Lincoln'* reverence, an at- 
tribute that marked him as a wor d 
leader, and Judge L. B. Strmger told 
of the historical events surrounding 
Lincoln and his connection to the 
church and the community. 

Assisting in the program were: 
Rev Gale Hollingsworth, of Emden; 
Rev G. W. Terjung, of Lincoln; C. 
W Routson and Ben Leisch who 
presented the tablet to Harry Foster, 1 
president of the Men's club who in U 
turn presented it to Paul CoUman, I , 
president of the joint church board. 
Spencer Littleton, sang, accom- 
panied by Mrs. David Hanger; Mr. 
Hanger played an organ prelude; 
Vincent Jones lead in community 
singing and A. D. Dike of the 
V.F.W. and Fred Kochendorfer, of 
the American Legion, lead the audi- 
ence in the pledge to the flag. 
Lincoln's Reverence. 
"Reverence certainly was not 
lacking in the life of Abraham Lin- 
coln" Rev. Hargrove said. "It was 
reverence for truth that led Linco n, 
on July 17, 1858, to make his cele- 
brated "house-divided-against- Itself 
speech, in opposition to the advice 
and protest of many of his closest 
friends To their suggestion that it 
would defeat him in his contest with 
Douglas for the United States Sen- 
ate, he replied: 

"This thing has been retarded 
long enough. The time h'ls come 
when these sentiments should be ut- 
tered, and if it is decreed that I 
should go (Jown linked with the 
truth— let me die the advocacy of 
what is just and right." 

"Charges have been made from 
time to time that Lincoln was an 
agnostic, an infidel and an atheist. 
Usually such charges have originat- 
ed with men who were, themselves, 
skeptically inclined, and who evi- 
dently desired to place Lincoln in 
their class because of the support 
which his name would bring to their 
cause. The refutation of all such 
charges is found in Lincoln's life 
as revealed in his words and deeds. 

"In view of the reverence which 
Lincoln always manifested in all the 
relations of life, it is certainly most 
fitting, and perhaps more than a 
mere coincidence, that the last act 
of Congress signed by him was one 
requiring that the motto, so con- 

stantly exemplified in his life, In 
God We Trust, should thereafter be 
inscribed upon all national coin; and 
that, in his last address he ever 
made, April 11, 1865, in referring to 
the joy which the hope of a right- 
eous and speedy peace brought he 

"In the midst of this, however. He 

from whom all blessings flow must 
not be forgotten." 

Judge Stringer's Address 
Judge Stringer's address follows: 
"The early history of Logan 
County and the early history of 
Abraham Lincoln ran in paralell 
grooves when they did not actually 
impinge upon each other. 
- "When deputy surveyor of Sanga- 
mon county, when what is now 
Logan was a part of Sangamon, he 
surveyed highways and a townsite 
in Logan County. 

"When a member of the State 
Legislature and wha tis now Logan 
was a part of his district, he was 
the author of the bill which carved 
xLogan out of Sangamon and gave 
Logan County separate civic life. 

"When serving a single term- in 
Congress, Logan County was like- , 
wise a part of his district. j 
"As a lawyer, he was for several 
years the tentative official lawyer j 
of the county and he practiced law j 
on the old and famous Eighth Judi- 1 
cial Circuit in four different court i 
houses in Logan County, one at old i 
Postville, the first county seat, one 
at Mt. Pulaski, the second county ' 
_,county seat, and two at Lincoln, 
'^third and present county seat. 
- "The events we commemorate 
today have to do with Abraham 
Lincoln, with the third court house 
of Lpgan County, with a pioneer 
house of worship upon the site 
where we now stand and with the 
Old Eighth Judicial Circuit so 
famed in Lincoln story. 

"Judicial circuits in those days, 
owing to the sparsity of population, 
were less numerous and more ex- 
tensive than now and a single judge, 
instead of three as now, handled all 
the legal business of the circuit. 

"By stage coach, horseback and 
horse-drawn chaise, over obscure 
trails and bridgcless streams, the 
judge toilsomely traveled the circuit 
from county seat to county seat 
and as the smaller county seats had 
few if any lawyers the lawyers of 
the larger county seats followed 
the judge around the circuit. 

"The Old Eighth Judicial Circuit 
of Lincoln tradition and story was 
created in the same month and 
year that Logan county was created, 
namely the month of February, 
1839, Logan county was always a 
part of that circuit from its creation 
until after the Civil War and Abra- 
ham Lincoln traveled that circuit 
ftom soon after his admission to 
the bar until he was elected Pres- 
ident of the United States. 
. "When Postville was the first 
county seat of the county. Judge 
Samuel H. Treat was the circuit 
judge. In 1848, when Mt. Pulaski 
became the county seat, Judge 
David Davis, of Bloomington was 
elected circuit judge and he served 
in that capacity both at Mt. Pulaski 
and Lincoln until he resigned in 

"Thg reason Ji^dge Davis resigned 

was ' that one of the lawyers who 
had practiced before hm at Mt. 
Pulaski and Lincoln, Abraham Lin- 
coln, had become President of the 
United States and had elevated 
Judge Davis from a frontier Illi- 
nois circuit to the Suprcfne Court 
of the Nation. 

"Four years prior to the events 
we commemorate today, the rail-' 
road had first come to Logan coun- 
ty and on its right of way three 
enterprising young men had laid 
out a new townsite, which in honor 
of their personal friend and incor- 
porating lawyer they named Lin- 
coln, the only town in the world 
named for Abraham Lincoln before 
he was President, before he was 
thought of as President and when 
his main reputation, as he traveled 
the old circuit, was that of a good 
lawyer and an honest man. 

"The same year the people of 
the county voted to locate the coun- 
ty seat of the county at the new 
Lincoln-named townsite but litiga- 
tion, which Abraham Lincoln car- 

ried to tiie Supreme Court of the 
state, delayed the erection of a 
court house until the year 1856. 

"The March term of the Logan 
County circuit court for the year 
1857 was held in this court 
at Lincoln but the September term 
was not so held, for at midnight 
of April 14th, 1857, the new court 
house was discovered in flames. 

■"The fire was discovered by one 
Thomas Lake, a brakeman on the 

now railroad, who recovered a few 
index books from the flames With 
these exceptions, the prior records 
of the county were destroyed. This 
Thomas Lake was an uncle of the 
late lamented Prof. E. S Lake so 
well known to the present Christian 
church congregation. 

"At the time of the Lincoln court 
house fire, Logan county had a pop- 
ulation of less than ten thousand, 
about half of its land was unim- 

„,,.vcd, considerable unentered, and 
church and school buildings very 
few and primitive. 

-The town of Lincoln was but 
four years old and possessed a 
smele school building but no com- > 
Xtid church. Several cl.urch 
soc eUcs had been organized the 
™ before and three had churches 
in nrocess of erection. 
" ..The most commodious of these 
three the nearest to the public 
sou ire and the nearest to comple- 
Uon was the Lincoln Christian 
chirch located on the site where 

we no^v stand. The Lincoln Chris- 
church society is the only ^ 

church society erecting a church 

building in 

which is still worshipping on the 

"".'.^Brthe' Ume of the September 
1857 session of the Logan county 
circuit court, the Christian church 
of Lincoln was practicaly complet- 
ed although the building had not 
fe't been turned over to the church 
society by the contractor and the 
Thurch hJd not yet been dedica^ed^ 
'•Arrangements were therefore 
made for the use of the church 
bunding for the September session 
-of the Logan county circuit court 
■ and tSe same was held in the build- , 
?ng from September twenty-first 
to October second, Sundays except- 
ed Judge Davis presiding except on 
one historic occasion. , 
° "Among the earlier educators o 
this county was one Dr. J. H_ Beid 
ler of Mt. Pulaski, a man of liter- 
ary and poetic talents, who in 1861 
was elected School Commisioner 
7ov Logan county, an office now 
known as County Superintendent 
of Schools. In the middle eighties 
he wrote reminiscences of his early 
experiences and they were pub- 
lisLd in the Lincoln Herald. 
Among other things he said: 

" °I saw Lincoln for the first time 
I in the village of Lincoln, in Logan 
county. The Logan county court 
house had been destroyed by fire 
and court was held at the time in 
the Christian church. 

'. 'As I entered the court room, 1 
discovered that Judge Davis was 
I not occupying the bench but that , 
I another man and one I had never 
seen was dispensing justice. His 
rulings were so rapid Ji's ^an" 
euage was so pertinent that I felt 
he must be a legal gentleman of 

" 'I inquired who he was and was 
informed that he was Abe Lincoln 
of Springfield.' 

"In this connection, it may be 
truthfully said that Mr. Lincoln 
was never elected at any time as a 
I judge of any court. Nevertheless. ; 
it may be as thruthfully said that by 
I agreement of judge and contesting 
lawyers, Mr. Lincoln temporarily 
performed duties as a judge xn 
Judge Davis' absence. 

"Frederick Trever Hill in his 
[ "Lincoln the Lawyer" says:^ 

'"Judge Davis irequenuy ab- 
signed Lincoln to the bench and 
left him to conduct the court in his 
absence. Judge Weldon informed 
the writer that he personally tried 
a jury case with Lincoln on the 
bench and Whitney asserts that 
once Lincoln conducted an entire 
term of court in Champaign coun- 
I ty ' 

1 "After nearly a half century of 
I service, the original Christian 
' church built on this site in 1857 was 
in need of reconstruction and en- 
largement to meet increasng needs. 
So it was that the present church 
building came to occupy this site 

in I9p4, but the work of reconstruc- 
tion vtas not wholly one of sub- 
stitution, n was in part a work 
of absorption. 

"All the usable materials in the 
original church were incorporated 
in the new. Many of the same 
hand-hewn beams and girders sup- 
port the roof, original pews arc 
still utilized and the same old bell 
calls to worship. 

"The present church is a physical 
continuation of the building in 
which Abraham Lincoln held court 
and practiced law. It is a daily re- 
minder of the contribution ho made 
to honest popular government and 
of the Christian faith the pioneers 
brought to the prairies of central 

"In the early days of Logan coun- 
ty, the old Postville court house 
was the community church. It was 
only turn about and fair play that 
in later years a church should be a 
temporary Logan county court 

"The Mosaic law of the Scriptures 
is the basis of all good law. Court? 
have been instituted for the dis- 
pensing of justice between man 
and man. Justice is an inherent at- 
tribute of Deity. The church and 
the courts have that which is in 

"It is certainly fittijag and appro- 
priate that the associations which 
hang about this church structure 
should be commemorated in bronze 
recital upon its walls. It is fitting 
that the contacts of the great Lin- 
coln with these surroundings in his 
formative years should thus be re- 

"The Lincoln of those days was 
a provincial Lincoln, known to a 
rural circuit and a frontier state 
The Lincoln we know "today is a 
Lincoln of world-wide thought, in- 
fluence and power. The Lincoln 
of those days was a Lincoln of peri- 
I odic environment. The Lincoln of 
today "belongs to the ages." 

"Lincoln grew as his world wid- 
ened. The world of his youth was 
the valley of the Ohio. The world 
of his maturer years was the great- 
er valley of the Mississippi. The 
world of his Presidency was the 
whole round world, as he found it, 
and the issues he faced and the 
manner in which he faced them 
gave him immortality. 

"Kentucky gave him to Illinois, 
by way of Indiana, as the forest 
ranger. Illinois gave him to the 
Republic in the hour of its periL 
The Republic gave him to the 
world as the Morning Star of Hu- 

church Unveils Lincoln Memorial 

— Conner Ph(jlo 
Unveiling of a memorial plaque 
telling of Abraham Lincoln s serv- 
ice as an acting judge on the cir- 
cuit court bench at the time the 
Logan county circuit court was held 
temporarily in the original Lincoln 
Christian church, was held Sunday 
afternoon with Judge L. B. Stringer, 
historian, as the principal speaker. 
Left to right: Paul Coflman, presi- 
dent of the joint board ol the 
church; Ben Leisch and C. W. 
Routson, members of the Men's 
club; Judge L. B. Strmger, Rev. 
Earl C. Hargrove, E. H. I,ukenbill. 
who presided, and Harry Foster, 
president of the Men's club. The 
plaque, pictured below, was the gift 
of the Men's club of the church. 

Christened With Melon 

Letter Tells New Story of Lincoln Ceremony 

Lincoln, Feb. 12 (Staff) 
The story of how Abe Lincoln 
christened the town, Lincoln, with 
the juice of a watermelon, was re- 
vealed by D. F. Nickols, co-author 
of "Mentor Graham," for the first 
time today, and substantiated by a 
letter written by the late John J. 
Stevens of St. Louis, Mo., who, 
when 13 years old, wa^ present at 
the christening and ate part of 
the watermelon used in the event. 

Mr. Nickols, who has long been 
a student of Lincolni-ana, a num- 
ber of years ago learned through 
Miss Harriet Cantrall, former sup- 
ervisor of art in the Springfield 
schools, that her uncle, Mr. Stevens 
was an eye-witness to the christen- 
ing of the town by Mr. Lincoln. 
In an exchange of letters between 
Judge Stringer and Mr. Stevens, 
the latter, on April 30, 1926, and 
at the age of 85 years, related inci- 
dents of the historic scene. 

There was a sale of the new 
town site lots on Aug. 29, 1853 and 
Mr. Stevens wrote, "at the request 
of the promoters of the enterprise, 
M5;__Lincoln christened the town 
site. The christening ceremony 
was very short. He selected a 
watermelon from a pile Mr. Sny- 
der had taken from his wagon and 
covered near a pile of lumber. 

Mr, , Lincoln stood, and opened 
the melon with "Kis pocket knife, 
which reached just well througn 
the rind, and bumped the melon 
on the lumber. He cut out the 
core, squeezed the water into a 
tincup, saying, "Gentlemen: I am 
requested by the proprietors of this 

town site to christen it. I have 
selected the juice of a melon for 
that purpose, pouring it on the 
ground. Therefore in your pres- 
ence and hearing 1 now christen 
this town site. Its name is "Lin- 
coln," and soon to be namecf the 
permanent capital of Logan county. 
I have also prepared a feast for 
the occasion." 

The feast proceeded, with the 
trend of. conversation directed to 
the future of Logan county. 

Bulletin of the Lincoln National life Foundation ----- Dr. Louis A. Warren, Editor 

Published each week by The Lincoln National Life Inaurance Company, Fort Wayne, Indiana 

Number 1049 FORT WAYNE, INDIANA May 16, 1949 


One day many years ago a young man visiting the 
library of the Foundation upon being shown an original 
Lincoln document bearing the name Primm exclaimed, 
"Why, that man was my great-grandfather." A copy of 
this document follows: 

Charles Cantrall ~) 

Emily Cantrall, his wife. Trespass on the case 

vs f Damage $1000— 

John Primm J 

The clerk of the Sangamon Circuit Court will issue a 
summons in the above entitled cause. 

Lincoln & Hemdon, p.f . 

August Term Circuit 
Sangamon County 111 1849 

The significance of the name Primm in the Lincoln 
story did not register with the editor of Lincoln Lore 
until a recent visit to the city of Lincoln, Illinois. Among 
the many places of historic interest in the county seat of 
Logan County is a town lot which was once owned by 
Abraham Lincoln. This piece of ground, on which a build- 
ing has been erected, was at one time in possession of a 
man named James Primm, apparently a relative of the 
above named John Primm. 

James Primm was the first clerk of Logan County. 
He was elected recorder in 1843 and became the Post- 
master at Postville. He speculated in land and one of his 
acquisitions was a house lot in Lincoln which he pur- 
chased from Thomas Clark, who had acquired it at the 
original sale of lots in 1853. The piece of property was 
known as "Lot number three in block nineteen." It is 
situated on the south side of the Court House square. 

James Primm's land transactions did not tum out as 
well as anticipated and he found it necessary to negotiate 
a loan on his many properties, and went to New York 
for this purpose. While there he became in need of some 
ready money and found that former Gov. Matteson of 
Illinois was in the city and solicited him for a loan of 
$400. Abraham Lincoln also happened to be in New 
York at the time and Mr. Matteson suggested that if Mr. 
Primm could get Mr. Lincoln to go his security he would 
make the loan. Lincoln signed the note. It is interesting 
to observe that Mr. Joel Matteson had recently finished 
building a home said to have cost $100,000 and he was 
reputed to have been worth a million at this time. 

When the note became due, Primm could not meet the 
payment of $400 due the millionaire Matteson. Mr. Lin- 
coln, Mr. Primm's security, took up the note and made 
the payment necessary. A check which Lincoln drew in 
favor of Matteson on Aug. 28, 1857 may have been on 
the Primm note. On March 11, 1858, Primm deeded to 
Lincoln lot number three in the city of Lincoln to com- 
pensate Mr. Lincoln in part at least for his loss. 

The payment of the taxes on the lot which amounted 
to $2.40 in 1858 reveals one of the most interesting side- 
lights on Lincoln's easygoing attitude with respect to 
money matters. The incident was told to Judge Lawrence 
B. Stringer by Lewis Rosenthal, a personal friend of 
Mr. Lincoln and the collector of taxes. Mr. Lincoln had 
come to Rosenthal's office, from which the lot in ques- 
tion could be seen. Lincoln addressed Mr. Rosenthal: 
"'Say, Rosenthal,' said he, 'isn't that my lot over there?' 
I told him that 'I guessed it was.' 'Well who put that 
shed up there?' inquired Mr. Lincoln. 'Well,' I replied, 
'a fellow in town here, who had some extra horses, and 
wanted some temporary stable room, put up that shed. 


but the fellow is a good friend of yours.' 'That's all 
right,' said Mr. Lincoln, 'but that fellow, whoever he is, 
ought to pay my taxes. He is getting all the benefit out 
of the lot and I get none.' 'Well,' I replied, 'I know that 
fellow, Mr. Lincoln, and he won't pay a cent.' 'Well, who 
is he anyway,' said Mr. Lincoln. 'If you must know, Mr. 
Lincoln,' I replied, 'I'm the fellow.' Lincoln looked at 
me a second or two, and with a twinkle in his eye, said, 
'Hand over the receipt. I guess I'm in for it.' " 

After Lincoln became President, William G. Starkey 
apparently paid the $2.00 tax on the lot and he received 
the following letter from John Hay: 

Executive Mansion 

Washington, June 8, 1861. 

My Dear Sir 

The President directs me to acknowledge the receipt 
of your favor of the 26th May, containing the Collectors 
receipt for his last year's tax, and to thank you for 
your kind thoughtfulness in the matter. 

He sends you enclosed to pay for money expended 
interest etc., $2.00. 

Have the honor to be 
Your Obt Servant 

John Hay 

Wm. G. Starkey Esq. 

When Lincoln was assassinated at Washington in 1866, 
he was still in possession of the lot and it became the 
property of his heirs. Mary Lincoln in 1874 deeded her 
interest in the tract to her son Robert, who in turn sold 
it to David H. Harts. 

A word about the naming of the town Lincoln might be 
timely just here, as there have been some strange stories 
told about how it came by its illustrious name. It is said 
to be the only town named for Abraham Lincoln before 
he became President of the United States. When Lincoln 
was elected to the Illinois legislature his constituents 
included people residing in the northeast part of Sanga- 
mon County. As chairman of the committee on counties 
which reported "an act to establish the counties of 
Menard, Logan and Dane" out of Sangamon, Lincoln 
virtually became the sponsor for the organization of 
Logan County. The act was approved on February 15, 

Abraham Lincoln also served as attorney for Logan 
County in its legal difficulties, and was the personal 
lawyer for the men who were attempting to establish 
the new town, anticipating it would become the county 
seat. The proprietors, Latham, Gillett and Hickox re- 
tained Lincoln to draw up the contracts for the land on 
which the town was to be situated. It was Abraham 
Lincoln also who prepared the bill for submission to the 
legislature for the removal of the county seat to the 
conteftiplated town site. 

It is claimed that the name of the proposed town was 
left blank in the transcript until it was finally urged by 
the proprietors that it be named for their legal advisor, 
Mr. Lincoln, and it was duly entered in the official papers. 


12 Sites Playing 
Role in His Life 
to Be Marked 

(Chlco90 Tribune Press Service! 

Lincoln, 111., March 15- 
"Nolhing named Lincoln, as far 
as I know, ever amounted to 

Who said this? It was a 
whimsical remark by a lanky 
lawyer, serving in the state 
legislature, to three land specu- 
lators and promoters for whom 
he had just drafted a partner- 
ship agreement for the devel- 
opment of a town site. The site 
was to be beside a railroad m 
the new county of Logan. The 
date was Aug. 24, 1853. 

Abraham Lincoln, a state 
legislator from Springfield, had 
been the author of a bill to 
carve from Sangamon county a 
new county. It was to be named 
for another legislator, from 
Murphysboro, who was the 
father of Civil war Gen. John 
A. Logan. 

"Let's name the town for 
Abe," suggested one of the pro- 
moters at the finish of their 
business in Lincohi's Spring- 
field law office. 

Hold Auction Sale 
"All right boys, go ahead," 
replied the lawyer, accordmg 
to local history, "but I think 
you are making a mistake. 
Nothing named Lincoln, as far 
as I know, ever amounted to 

Three days later, beside the 
newly completed Chicago and 
Mississippi raih road, [later the 

Alton], and now the Gulf, Mo- 
bile and Ohio raih-oad, Robert 
Latham, Virgil Hickox, and 
John D. Gillett held an auction 
sale of lots in the plotted town- 

Lincoln attended the sale as 
attorney for the sellers. He did 
not buy. He did, however, par- 
ticipate in a mock christening. 
He bought a watermelon from 
a farmer's wagon and with its 
water baptized the site m his 
own name, according to ac- 
counts accepted by the lUmois 
Historical society. 

This and 11 other sites asso- 
ciated' with Abraham Lincoln, 
will be posted next week in this 
city of 17,900 for the guidance 
of tourists visiting the Land of 

Lincoln: Abe Helped Name It 

(^Stephen A. Douglas fpcech 
^Lincoln Property 
^Scene of conspiracy 
(^Abraham Lincoln cAnVens.+own 
T)T/je Lincoln House 
^Logan County Circuit Courf 
J0)O/d Ct\ristian Church 
^Robert B. Latham Home 
^Lincoln College 

Heavy black line on map of Lincoln. lU.. shows route of pilgrimage for tourists, which 
will be posted with markers (identified in legend) next week. 

Clubhouse Marks Site 
Across the street from the 
courthouse replica, a Veterans 
of Foreign Wars clubhouse is 
to be marked as the site of 
Deskin-s tavern, where Lincoln 
and other circuit-riding lawyers 
stayed with jurors, htigants, 
witnesses, and sometimes pris- 
oners, when court was m ses- 
sion twice a year. 

A street comer is to be 
marked where Lincoln, after 
leaving a train on a campaign 
trip from Bloomington, joined 
a Democratic political rally m 
a tent to hear United States 
Sen. Stephen A. Douglas, his 

Other markers are to oe 
erected at the 1903 Logan 

county courthouse, on a site of 
two previous courthouses, 
where Lincoln practiced and. 
where, in March of 1859, he 
served as a substitute judge; 
a building housing a women s 
wear store on a lot Lincoln 
acquired in 1858 in payment of 
a debt; and a park where 
Lincoln played townball a 
predecessor of baseball]. 
Also to be marked are: A 
tavern Where a gang of counter- 
feiters conspired in 1876, m a 
plot thwarted at the graveside, 
to steal the body of Lmcoln 
and hold it as ransom for 
$200,000 and for the bbera tion 
of imprisoned fellow counter- 
feiter; the site of Robert B. 
Sam home, where Lmcoln 
was sometimes a guest the oia 
Christian church, used as a 
courthouse for one term m 
S57; and the Lincoln college 
founded in 1865 and named fa^^^^ 
the President before his assas- 
sination. - 

Chicae^o Tribune, Feb. 15, 1968 

Lincoln, Illinois 

Lincoln, 111., Feb. 12— Don't 
. forget the town of Lincoln. My 

• grandfather, John Dean Gillett, 
5 hired the then unknown Abe 

• Lincoln [a "new young man" 
from Kentucky] to plat [in 
1853] and incorporate [in 1857] 

'. a town on land he owned so | 
, that the freight trains would 
, stop to load his shorthorn 
. cattle. 

Lincoln, who was a lawyer, 
and my grandfather rode 
horseback 20 miles north from 
Springfield to spend the night 
in grandfather's farm home. 
My grandmother was enchanted 
with the courteous and witty 
guest and said, "John, why not 
name the town for that nice 
young man?" 

The next morning they rode 
out about 10 miles. Grand- 
father and Mr. Lincoln stepped 
off the blocks for the proposed 
town — so many paces to a 
block. Lincoln was tall and 
grandfather was short — that's 
why there is a disparity in 
street block lengths here today. 

Farmers gathered around on 
the day of the christening. Lin- 
coln chose a ripe watermelon 
from a wagon, smashed it over 
the wheel of a spring wagon, 
and christened the town. 

This was the first town ever 
named for Lincoln — by his con- 
sent, and long before he became 

Lemira Gillett Hunt 


A Brief History 
Of Lincoln 

Mr. Lincoln assisted in tiie plat- 
ting of the town in early 1853 . . 
And at the request of his many 
friends here on August 27, 1853 
with a watermelon in hand, he 
ceremoniously walked to a nearby 
stump — broke the melon — and 
squeezing the juice on the ground, 
he christened the new town. 

Lincoln, Illinois is the ONLY city 
of the 26 named for him that was 
done so with his consent and prior 
to the era of his term as President. 
Lincoln is the northern gateway to 
the Lincoln Heritage Trail and Lin- 
coln Country Tourism Region. The 
region has abundant opportunities 
for the visitor to re-live the past. 

Postvillc Park 

Aoraham Lincoln and Lincoln, Illinois 

In 1 835 Russell Post, a Baltimore 
adventurer, laid out the town of 
Postville which became the first 
Logan county seat. The town square 
is now Postville Park. Here 
Abraham Lincoln and his friends 
played townball (a predecessor of 
baseball), threw the maul (a heavy 
wooden hammer), and pitched 

Postville Court House 

On this high point in the south- 
west part of Lincoln was the oldest 
court house in the Old Eighth Cir- 
cuit which Abraham Lincoln had 
traveled for a quarter of a century. 
Serving a thinly scattered 
population, the lawyers of Lincoln's 
time had to ride the circuit to make 
a living. Here may be seen many 

Near this site Abraham Lincoln 
christened the town with the juice of 
a watermelon when the first lots 
were sold on August 27, 1853. 
President-elect Lincoln spoke here, 

November 21, I860, while traveling 
to Chicago, and the Lincoln's 
funeral train stopped here May 3, 
1865, before completing the trip to 
Springfield, Illinois. 

Scene of Conspiracy 

documents and furnishings of the 
early 19th century. 

Lincoln Property 

This site is one ot the pieces of 
property owned by Lincoln in his 
lifetime. The lot was purchased by 
Lincoln in 1858 and was held until 
his death in 1865. This property was 
known as Lot 3, Original City ol 
Lincoln, and now faces the south 
side of the square. 


In 1876, a gang of counterfeiters 
plotted to steal Lincoln's body from 
its tomb in Springfield, Illinois, 
hoping to be paid a ransom of 
$200,000.00, and the freedom on 
one of their members who who was 
then in the penitentiary. This con- 
spiracy took place above a small 
inn, located at what is now 412 
Pulaski Street. 

Logan County 
Circuit Court 

On this site stood two former 
Logan County courthouses in which 
Abraham Lincoln practiced law 
from 1856 until elected President. 
During the March term, 1859, Lin- 
coln substituted for David Davis as 
the presiding judge of the Logan 
County Circuit Court. 

Lincoln College 

Historic Lincoln College was 
founded in 1865 as the first and 
only college named for Abraham 
Lincoln in his life-time. Visit the 
historic Lincoln Room, the museum 
of the Presidency. Thousands of 
books, manuscripts and historical 
items are contained in the collec- 

Visit Lincoln 
College Museums 

Visitors to the Lincoln College 
museums are welcome and guides 
are usually available. The museum 
office is located just off the lobby of 
the McKinstry Memorial Library. 

The Museums are open daily 
during the year. 


Because of its direct link with 
Abraham Lincoln, one of America's 
greatest sons and presidents, Lin- 
coln College, some years ago, em- 
braced a project in the interest of 
preserving and collecting historical 
documents of Lincolniana, 
Americana, and items related to 
Presidents of the United States. The 
College maintains two museums in 
the McKinstry Memorial Library 
which attract thousands of students 
and visitors each year and, by these 
means, hopes to continually 
stimulate a vivid interest in 
American history. 

TION now valued at over a quarter 
of a million dollars was begun in 
1942 following the death of Judge 
Lawrence B. Stringer. Judge 
Stringer was the county judge of 
Logan County and his history of the 
County is considered the finest 
work on the subject. During his life 
Judge Stringer assembled a valuable 
Lincoln collection which he willed 
to the College to be placed in a 
special room. Over the years others 
have followed Judge Stringer's 

This museum houses and displays 
more than 2,000 Lincoln volumes. 

numerous pamphlets, art, objects 
d'art and assorted items of historical 
significance. Notable in the collec- 
tion is the original Power of Attor- 
ney which was drawn up in Lin- 
coln's office and used to found the 
town of Lincoln, Illinois, and a 
campaign poster carried in torch 
light parade in Lincoln and later in 


the 1860 nomination parade in 
Springfield where it won a prize and 
was reproduced in Leslie's, 
magazine. On display are several 
signatures of Abraham Lincoln, the 
table of Menator Graham upon 
which Lincoln studied, and the desk 
used by Lincoln in the Illinois State 
Legislature at Springfield. 


















Mt. Pulaski 

Mt. Pualski 
Court House 

Abraham Lincoln was probably as 
well acquainted with the Mt. Pulaski 
Court House as any building in the 
old Eighth Circuit. This fine brick 
building, standing today as it did in 
Lincoln's time, is maintained as one 
of Illinois' memorials to its most 
outstanding citizen. 

The court house is an excellent 
example of Greek revival architec- 
ture as found in Illinois. Prominent 
men associated with this historic 
building include David Davis, 
Stephen A. Douglas, Robert T. 
Stuart, Stephen T. Logan, William 
H. Herndon, James C. Conklin, 
Milton Hay, Leonard Swett, Asahel 
Gridley, Lawrence Weldon, Ben- 
jamin S. Edwards and a coterie of 
other brilliant attorneys. 

The first Logan County court 
house was at Postville now in the 
southwest part of Lincoln. This 
building was purchased in 1929 by 
Henry Ford and stands in Green- 
field Village at Dearborn, Michigan. 
The State has reproduced this 
building on its original site where it 
stands as a state memorial. 

Court sessions were held in Post- 
ville between 1840 and 1848. In 
1847 the booming town of Mt. 

Pualski, named for Count Casimir 
Pulaski of Revolutionary War fame, 
offered a business block and a new 
building as an inducement to move 
the county seat. The Mt. Pualski 
backers won the resulting election. 
To build the court house the citizens 
raised $2,700 which was sup- 
plemented by a county ap- 
propriation of $300. 

The court house, which is 70% 
intact today, served the county until 
185 3 when the county seat by 
legislation was moved to Lincoln. 
This thriving new community was 
named for the Springfield lawyer 
who was a trusted friend and attor- 
ney of the town's founders. 

The Mt. Pulaski Court House was 
used as a schoolhouse until 1878, 
then as a city hall and jail, and 
finally as a post office and 
headquarters for various town of- 
ficials. In 1936 it was acquired as a 
state memorial from the city of Mt. 
Pualski and restoriation work was 

The restored courtroom 

begun . 

In the restoration the state 
removed the partitions put in the 
building over the years thus giving it 
its original arrangement, took down 
the schoolhouse cupola and bell and 
restored the front door to its 
original appearance. 

On removing the floor on the 
second story the original floor 
was found underneath intact with 
the holes for the spindles used in the 
judge's stand. On this floor the court 
and juror rooms are as when the 
structure was built. 

The Mt. Pulaski courtroom saw 
much of Lincoln who for nearly a 
quarter of a century rode the circuit, 
first as a partner of John T. Stuart, 
later as an associate of Stephen T. 
Logan, and finally as a senior mem- 
ber of the firm of Lincoln and 
Herndon, a partnership dissolved by 
Lincoln's assassination. 

One of Mt. Pulaski's leading at- 
torneys was Samuel C. Parks and 
also associated with him. Parks 
gathered the cases and Lincoln 
joined him in the trails. Lincoln had 
similar associations in other 

During most of his career at the 
bar Lincoln spent nearly half his 
time away from Springfield riding 
from county to county, at first on a 
horse he groomed himself, later in a 
rig, and trying cases throughout a 
territory that at one time or another 
took in the counties of Logan, 
McLean, Tazewell, DeWitt, Ver- 
milion, Champaign, Woodford, 
Mason, Sangamon, Christian, 
Moultire, Shelby, Edgar and Piatt. 

By turn, moody and ebullient, 
cracking jokes and fraternizing or 
sitting alone, Lincoln was one of the 
most popular of the itinerant com- 
pany of barristers who traveled the 




























5 He surveved the tOMn ol ' Albanv here irt 1836. Locatt 

Broadwell Township Ipaper lown) 
6. Lincoln College was named aflef him on his lasl living birlh 
7 His luneral nam slopped he'o. 

B The Lincoln wide awakes were organiied in Ailania whe 

10 The Line 

It He had a 


O Lincoln Public Library 725 Pekin, Lincoln 

Q Judge Stephen Foley House 427 Tremoni, Lmcoir 

A Lincoln Courthouse Square Lincoln 

Historic DisKicl 

O The Lincoln House SOI Broadway. Linco 

Ot09-Coun,yCi.Cuit Court Couthouse. Lincoln 

O Deskins Tavern 5ih S> Madison, Unci 

0 Abraham Lincoln and Broadway & Sangam 

O Poslville Park 5lh & Washington. L 


The Kickapoo s moved inio Centfal lllinQis from 
likes area in 1763 Their mam village wasal Sail Creek While 
T a hunting eKpedilion m Kentucky, they captured Ann Gilham 
id 3 ot her children in 1 790 They were event uallv ransomed bv 
er husband James Ann Gilham obtained a grant of 160 acres 
om Congress m 1815 as an honorable testimonial of the 
jtfering and hardship. 

Bethel Church 

The Bethel Society was originally a branch ot the Old Sugar 
reek Congregation ' localed lo Ihe East. Built in 1854 Big 
-airie' post oMice was localed Va mile Easi of the present 
lurch Bethel grade school still stands across the road from Ihe 
lurch Burials aie siill made in Ihe cemetery adjoining the 


The John Dean Gillett 
Mem. Chapel on Elkhart Hill 

ADAM H. BOGARDUS won Ihe title, "Wing shot ch 
he World", in London, England Captain Bogardus later iravelle 
swell as with a Mississippi river boat show He is credited wit 
omanticizing trap shooting He is also buried on Elkhart Hill 


Buckles Round Barn 

Lincoln College 

25, Mt. Pulaski Twp. 

luilt in 1917 at cost of 61 1,000 00 It soneof the remaining 
only one constructed wilh glazed tile The barn is 60 (t in 
ieter, with a height of 55 ft. On the National Register ol 
one Places Since 1983 Presently owned by descendant 
lard Cannon and tenanted by his son. Charles. 

Stephen A. Douglas Site 

Lincoln College - 
Lincoln Museum 

Lincoln College maintains two mi 
McKinslry Library The Lincoln Museurr 
Ihe Abraham Lincoln collection valued al over a quarter 
of a million dollars, houses and displays over 2,000 
Lincoln volumes, manuscripts, art and related items ot 
historical interest. 


n of Pre 

Atlanta Public Library 

Step back in history and enjoy numerous artifacts of 
le area in the Atlanta Public Library and Museum on 
ace St, and the museum annex which housed Logan 
□unty s lirst bank. Hours Tues & Sal 12 30-4 30. 

The Christening Scene 
OF Lincoln, Illinois 

On August 27, 1853, the first lots were sold in the 
new town of Lincoln, Illinois The town was located on 
the Chicago and Alton Railroad line midway between 
Bloominglon and Springfield 

After all the lots had been sold, Ihe crowd urged 
Springfield Aiiorney, Abraham Lincoln to christen the 
new town which had been named in his honor. Lincoln 
took a watefmelon, broke it open, and with Us juice 
christened the now community, 

Lincoln, Illinois thus became the first community in 
the United States to be named Lincoln and was named by 
Lincoln himself. 

your way lo the oldest {own in Logan County, established Oc- 
tober 13, 1832, by Hiram S. Allen on the Fort Clark Road, from Sangamo 
(own lo Fori Clarh 

The Stagecoach Inn. being renovated as a museum, was erected in 
1837 according lo Judge Lawrence Stringer. The oldest brick building 
in the country believed lo have been built in 1840, slill slands. Al one 
lime, Ihere were 2 race tracks here, Musicks Ferry was localed on Salt 
Creek ^v^ miles North. 

PosTviLLE Courthouse 

Built in 1841, was Logan Couniv btirsi Cuunhouse, It 
was build m Postvilte, the town. Oeskins Tavern, across 
the stfeet South, was the headquarters for lawyers, 
jurors, witnesses, and litigants m the early days. 
Subsequent Courlhouses were m Mt Pulaski and fmally 

n 9.00-5 00 daily. 

@ LOGAN County 

County offices 
erected in 1905 

Mt. Pulaski Courthouse 

Built in 1847 Served as County Courthouse until 
1853. One of Iwo original courthouses on Lmcoln's 8th 
Judicial Circuit Has been since used as schoolhouse. 
city hall, jail, and finally as post office. Purchased by slate 
and restored. On National Register of Historical Places. 
Open daily 9:00-5.00. 





R.fl HI, 

NIcltolson Rd . Lincoln. IL 62666 




1305 Woodlawn Road. Li 
(217) 735*6571 

2011 N. Kickapoo Si.. LIr 
(217) 735-1202 

1 760 Filth Si , Lincoln. IL 62656 

d,. Lincoln, IL 62666 

Bfoadwell, IL 62623 
(217)732 2303 

■ redwood motel 
n.R. «1. Lincoln. IL 62656 
(217) 732.4113 


Located in the shadows of Springfield 
and Lincoln's New Salem, Logan County 
remains as an emerging reminder that 
Lincoln, the man, had a profound 
influence on the area. 

During his term in the Illinois 
Legislature he was instrumental in 
dividing what was then Sangamon 
County into 3 additional counties, one 
being Logan. He named it after his good 
friend, John A. Logan. His first survey 
employment was at Musick's Ferry on 
Kickapoo Creek located 1 Vi miles north of 
Middletown for purpose of laying out the 
Peoria road. He plotted "Albany" in 1 836. 
He was present at the sale of lots in 
Middletown in 1833. He christened 
Lincoln, Illinois August 27, 1 853 with the 
juice of a watermelon. He later owned a 
lot in Lincoln across from the present 
Courthouse- The Rustic Tavern was 
sceneof plot to rob Lincoln's grave in Oak 
Ridge Cemetery to raise money to free a 
friend of the conspirators. His many years 
as judge on the 8th Judicial Circuit 
resulted in a host of lasting friendships 
with the common man. Here he formed 
his political base. 

A little known fact is that Eastern 
investors platted 10 towns in Logan 
County and sold some lots in each case in 
the early 1830's. All these towns failed 
within five years. 

For additional information on Festival 
and year-round activities contact: 

at The Lincoln/Logan County 
Chamber of Commerce 
601 Pekin St. 
Lincoln, IL 62656 
Phone: (217) 735-2385 


Logan County 

1839 150 YEARS OLD 1989 

Abraham Lincoln Tourism Bureau 
of Logan County 

601 Pekin Street 
Lincoln, Illinois 62656 
(217) 735-2385 

In Cooperation with the 


Department of Commerce and Community Affairs 
Office of Tourism 


Logan Co. 


Lincoln ^ 
Logan Co. 





Centrally located between Springfield and Bloomington on Interstate-55, between Decatur 
and Peoria on Route 121. West from Champaign-Urbana on Route 10. 

Population: 16,327 

Founded: 1853 

Historical interest: Abe Lincoln christened his namesake city with the juice of a water- 
melon near the site of the Lincoln Train Depot, where a monument commemorates 
the ceremony. Other sites of historic significance in Lincoln include the Logan Coun- 
ty Courthouse, erected in 1905, the location of county offices and records, Civil War 
memorials, the National Register of Historic Places, the Merrill Gage Statue of Lin- 
coln the Student, and the Lincoln Museum in the McKinstry Library; the Lincoln Rus- 
tic, where a conspiracy developed to steal Lincoln's body from Oak Ridge Cemetery in 
Springfield; the Postville Courthouse, rephca of the two-story frame building that 
served as the County Seat and site of the Eighth Judicial Circuit on which Abraham 
Lincoln served as a member of the traveling bar; the Lincoln Gallery of Lloyd Osten- 
dorf oil paintings depicting Lincoln's life in Logan County, Washington, D.C., and Get- 

Other aitractions: Unique downtown specialty shops and boutiques surrounding the 
Logan County Courthouse square; the Lincoln Depot Restaurant in the renovated 
train station and other outstanding eating establishments; residential and business 
streetscapes rich in architectural heritage; Lincoln College's Little Gallery; the Maple 
Club Dinner Theatre in the beautifully restored 1930s dance hall; the Heritage-in- 
Flight Museum at the Logan County Airport; an 18-hole golf course, tennis courts, and 
trails for hiking, jogging, biking and skiing in nearby Kickapoo Creek and Railsplitter 
State Parks. 

Special events: The National Railsplitting Festival (September); Logan County Fair 
(August); Lincoln Arts Festival and Watermelon Days (August); Air Event (Septem- 
ber); Lincoln Community Theatre (summer); college productions and Lincoln Area 
Music Society concerts (seasonal). 


On Interstate-55 between Lincoln and Atlanta 
Populjlion: 165 

Founded: Unincorporated, but laid out and plotted ia 

Historical interest: site of old saw mill 


Between Lincoln and Btoomington on Interstatc-55 
Population: 1,807 
Founded: 1853 

Historical interest: Atlanta Public Library (octagonal 
building on National Register) and Museum, housing 
numerous area artifacts. 

Special events: Armual Memorial Day Celebration; At- 
lanta Fall Festival. 


Southeast of Atlanta on Route 6; off Route 10 between 
Lincoln and Clinton 

Population: 225 
Founded: 1872 

Historical interest: Laid out by Silas Bcason and others 
on newly completed line of the Havana, Lincoln and 
fiastern (now Illinois Central branch) railroad 


South of Season on Route 6; on Route 54 between Ml. 
Pulaski and Clinton 

Population: 350 
Founded: 1872 

Historical interest: Bakerville, a brick factory 


On Route 121 between Mt. Pulaski and Decatur 
Population: 564 
Founded: 1872 

Historical interest: Latham Opera House 

Mt. Pulaski 

On Route 121 between Lincoln and Decatur 
Population: 1,783 
Founded: 1836 

Historical interest : Named for Count Casimir Pulaski, 
Polish Revolutionary War patriot; Abraham Lincoln 
Memorial (also known as Mt. Pulaski) Courthouse; 
home of "First Lady of Radio," Vaughn DeLeath; on 
route of first race between steam train and Wright 
brothers airplane; Old Settlers Reunions; Capps Park; 
Windmill Co.; Robert Buckles Round Barn nearby. 

Special events: Lincoln Birthday and Pulaski Birthday 
open houses; Count Pulaski Day; 4th of July Celebra- 
tion; Fall Festival. 

Lake Fork 

On Route 54 between Springfteid and Mt. Pulaski 
Population: 100 
Founded: 1881 

Historical interest: Nearby Bryson Indian Mounds 


On Route 54 southwest of Lake Fork 
Population: 150 

Founded: Laid out and surveyed in 1871 

Historical interest: Every building damaged or 

destroyed by a tornado April 19, 1927. 

t)tlier attractions: Church windows 


On fnlerstale-55 between Broadwell and Springfield 

Pu])Ui;ili..n: 493 
Fi.unded: 1855 

Historical interest: Elkhart Hill site of first white settle- 
ment in this section of Ilhnois; home of John Dean Gil- 
lett, "Cattle King of America"; Captain Adam H. 
Bogardus, "Wing Shot Champion"; John Dean Gillett 
Memorial Chapel (St. John the Baptist Chapel), Elkhart 
Cemetery; Elkhart Hill; Governor Richard J. Oglesby's 
tomb; only privately owned bridge over public road. 


On Interstate-55 between Lincoln and Elkliart 
PnpuLition: 183 

h ijunrlt-d: Incorporated 1869, reorganized under 
general law 1887 

Historical interest: Site of Tan-Ti-Vy, popular country 
fairgrounds in early 1900s. 


On the west side of Logan County, south of New Holland 

Population: 503 

rounded: October 13, 1832 

Historical interest: Oldest town in Logan County; first 
brick business building (1840?) in county still standing; 
plane built by Wright brothers, Vin Fiz, landed during 
first coast-lo-coast flight across U.S. (1911); Charles 
Lindbergh visited while flying mail route (1926); site of 
Lafayette Post Home; Daniel Webster addressed school 
students (1837); Glenn Opera House; stagecoach stop 
on Peoria-Springfield Road; Stagecoach Inn Museum; 
center of horse trading and racing; five hot-air balloon 
world records set here. 

Spttial events; Stage Coach Inn Spring Festival; Mid- 
dletown Historical Arts and Crafts Fair. 

New Holland 

On Route 10 between Lincoln and Mason City 
Population: 295 
Founded: 1875 

Historical interest: Clause in original deed says no 
saloon could be operated here; old village jail was made 
into public library (called "Books & Crooks"). 

San Jose 

In northwestern comer of Logan County, on Route 136. 
Population; 784 

Founded: 1857, incorporated 1876 

Historical interest: Once known as "littlest railroad 

center" in the U.S.; last train went through in 1960. 


On County Road 20, just south of Route 136 and west of 
Route 121. Northwest ofHartsburg. 

Population: 527 
Founded: 1872 

Historical interest: Named for Emden, Germany, 
former home of many of its immigrants; Teis Smid, a key 
settler, invented the plow and sold it to John Deere; 
preserved Illinois Central depot; Community House; 
Hardware Company; Bethel Church. 

Special events: Homecoming (July) 


Junction of Route 121 and County Road 18, between Lin - 
cohi and Emden. 

Population: 379 

Founded: 1872 

Other attractions: Scully Prairie 

f%RMCt> fl3P»1 ^ 
N 1839 

Logan County 

^ /-ffe H/Le< P've(?S &. STREAM'S 

5AhJ Jose ''^ " ( j^ 




For iaRMiH« 

TE/» 4M1P, MRtv WWW «errLa^ 

MUneo -rue plow, Seio IT y 

^■fc joHM Dealt / 

VOHIUAt)T it^eXA-TiotJ WfA rfAlklt.6'tMA. \ 

fjiiifi oeiVN Bi«weo nj were suuuen t> \^ 

tweet!-* ^ — ^Vi- 

' atlawta 


FAU. «SrivlAl. 
^n/WU U8R4RY 

ft Museum r — 

C«lt WAR MPW IMt- 



oH sire OF pnesaur 

Hone of 
5«*u«i 6statb) 

BuRToM view «-«n - 



liunon ADoPTeo a Muuti - teuNTV eewrr 
ancvn srsTEM in i839. A u«(£otiK's 
g™ J|>DIC/AI. CIRCUIT evaiMB(s*rrt> 
, Reoe TWe CIRCWT Ft>R >l DOZffcl 
YeAR*. ONE 5£«Sl«»l AT /< 

Route ro 

'"ft I. 

A'^ \uiiefTeMS 
' 4. ffluARRY 



vre OP 




Pt£A5A>n- Vaiuy Ca^nwY 


TTmE 6APJyi* 

1471 eatreiiuiAi 

lU U16AN Co. 



iire OF PiRST 

lU t04fiJ CO. 
. Srra or OiMkCf UJD96MH 


<o FiRiT i/>6Au Co. Cwit War 

•eoi.ay KXArp,,— ^ewiuiMex hcrc 

^ • MIU. HOME 


CEMrrfRY t. CmdRch 

CMC« RotfTC 

BETvwreiv/ , 
«PRIlJ6Fieu> FRieiJB OF i 

8, uijcoi-f^ if i 

PBMtlA '<ltTae l^iM6 tp AiERkV 

iC IPRTHODSeM PO*TV(ll-te courtmouse 

' ^^^^efiioui Heu> no 

iSwaSTS. Ta*CR*Jy4C*jS*« 
-we»w!)fe#fto«B ^foi'M"»'-Y,»'o»Tvii.u« ( lS»SJ 

on 8th juoiciAl CtttCutT- 

oepor uHtne Braucher 

STEmEO -nufJ Mill 

eF w/A7Cff*»eto»J. 

CAI-t ! > 

1 ToCxAHB^I6mA 

•RAltsp Lirrt.? 

PAt : 



,U»rTH jt 


In L06AH Co., \ 

/ 7CAl.C.eo TWE 

'ouMfiswim ■' 



/Sire OF -ia,fr mmikia 


ksEPr. ifc, iBa'*^ 

rflU. PART OF • 

BurpAto Hart6iaoal 1 OoivUfA* 
Mowiwe.- ei*;HAeT f,iL.^ CeHev^ay 
y -f Veiawei-rWr , 

mybooo TMIWd ' j u>*AH CO., 

W A ?S.'j;L?«5rei.eZ Ittt ft. 

^— Posr/ii-te lUASKMMQ) 

u Fo«r, wrto auoro 

JoHn Buckles 
Semt 9 -ft 


JOMH O. biu«7 

(ifow Drakc) 

He^CC, ir« tlAHE 

«rre OF- iiuerr, 
.ilMHAfn Mill. .'*f**"''s»:'««»» 


toloRLO'S F^IR 

Srist Mil 

- FAcrcav 

SeracMen/T op, 

H6»»RY BJILT (1819) 
(lf1» ) BY mii.tWIR**! 

PRoMiseo rr irrovni Y( 


Site of fiRST 
lO«AM Co. WrtiTC 

^gTTiCMrwT fou*ioeo 

I HOME «P 3- Time ■/ .sSJ' 

leAAkY Kl«»BM> i<<Di«|l 

I StTTUeMeMT - l"^, INOl, 

I Kioiwppep Ann atut. 

[fRoM KEUTuckY 
iHUSaAilp J»nE4 611 
I FoLioiuEO TMEh To 

First uhites irj 


Home of 
"FiBiT UDYoF Wtf*),'' 

NAMED fiw &UUT GttlMlR. 
PUcA&Xi, REi^oi-irriOK/ARY 


"^nt OF WR16HT Bnts 
r>AMe LAMD11J& 



FAnoUS Wj 



(SouiMew I 
FoRcep To vutvi 
Amer. fia& 

BE shot) I 


* Lake Fork 


srre im sawmmn 


Brysok/ ' * 

OAMAttO OR DeST«0Y6O /'(>U||£ .T««U 
BY HtlTbRKAOO l"*"" "~J 

ImdiA^I HotMDS 


t*r. RnAS*) /couwTY SEAT iW 


. ^ IRfAU- t 

>^*T-i«oM ToMSSToigE 

BoCKlfi ^.^j-. 

•First ResiocijT pocron 

M LO&AM Co., 

DR. BARTooi RoBliJSOlJ, 

s«Te o«= 

bacRT s. 

pirector of 


Logan Co. 


Logan County is the starting place for 
visiting historic sites and other attractions 
in central Illinois. From Lincoln and 
Logan County it is an easy drive to the 
Lincoln sites in Springfield and New 
Salem ... to Peoria's historic Illinois River 
attractions ... to the Indian lore at Dickson 
Mounds ... to Bloomington-Normal, 
Decatur, and the University of Illinois at 

No other community has such an 
interesting Lincoln heritage . . . and is so 
accessible to the rest of Lincoln Land and 
central Illinois. 

Abraham Lincoln Tourism Bureau 
of Logan County 




i 1989 

! Historic 

I Logan County 

! 1839 150 YEARS OLD 1989 

Abraham Lincoln Tourism Bureau 
of Logan County 

601 Pekin Street 
Lincoln, Illinois 62656 
(217) 735-2385 

In Cooperation with the 


Depaftment of Commerce and Communilv Affairs 
Office of Tourism 


February 9: 

Logan County Sesquicentennial Dinner, 
Genealogical and Historical Society will host a 
dinner at Masonic Temple in Lincoln, IL (2022 N. 
Kickapoo). Call (217) 735-4633 for more informa- 

February 1 1 : 

Open House to commemorate Abraham Lincoln's 
Birthday at the Mt. Pulaski Courthouse State 
Historic Site, Mt. Pulaski, IL. (217) 7328930. 

February 12 to March 31; 
Lincoln Images. An exhibit lighting 24 images of 
Abraham Lincoln from his first 1846 to his last in 
186.5. Postville Courthouse, 914 5th Street, Lin- 
coln. IL (217) 735-2385. 

March 4: 

Casimir Pulaski Birthday Open House. Mt. 
Pulaski Courthouse Historic Site. An open house to 
commemorate the Polish American Hero, Casimir 
Pulaski, with special program at 2:00 p.m. and 
again in the evening. (217) 735-8930. 

March 6: 

Annual Count Pulaski Day. Celebration American 
Legion Home. Polish Dinner and dancing to the 
John Stuppor Polka Band. Mt. Pulaski, IL. 
April 2: 

Middletown Stagecoach Inn Festival. Lunch will 
be served. Historical exhibits will be on display at 
the Middletown-New Holland Middletown Middle 
School, Middletown, IL. (217) 445-2665. 

April 16 to .50: 
Quilt show, Postville Courthouse, 914 5th St., Lin- 
coln, IL. Quilts will be on display. Eighth annual, 
with approximately 25, old and new, pieced, 
appliqued and embroidered quilts. (217) 735-2385. 

April 27, 2.H, 29, 30: 
Middletown Homecoming. Entertainment, car 
show, parade, carnival, and food. Come participate 
in the fun-filled weekend. For information call 
(217) 968-7043 or (217) 445-2665. 

April 28, 29,30: 
Country Peddler. Logan County Fairgrounds. 
Seventh annual show, features ninety folk artists, 
exhibiting handcrafted fold art, including fur- 
niture, pottery, crafts, paintings, chairs, or- 
naments, duck decoys, checkerboards, and woven 
goods. (217) 735-2385. 

May 20: 

Fiber Jubilee, Postville Courthouse, 914 5th St., 
Lincoln, IL. Demonstrations showing the process of 
raw fiber to finished product. Natural dyeing, 
carding, spinning, and weaving with natural fibers 
such as wool, angora, linen, cotton, mohair and 
silk. (217) 732-8930. 

May 20: 

Memorial Day Celebration in Atlanta, IL. 6:00 
a.m. to 5:00 p.m. A one day event to honor 
Veterans. Family activities, games, and prizes. 
Downtown Atlanta. (217) 648-2764. 

June 17 

Logan County Historical Tour. This tour is an an- 
nual event in Logan County. It gets bigger every 
year. One part of the county is covered thoroughly 
each year in air conditioned Motorcoaches with a 
tour guide on each bus. For more information call 
the Tourism Bureau at (217) 735-2385. 

June 23-24: 

Blue Grass Festival, Logan County Fairgrounds, 
Business Rt. 1-55. Blue Grass Bands entertain with 
stage shows and jam sessions. (816) 665"7172. 

June 4 to July 4: 
Lincoln and the Family, Postville Courthouse, 914 
Fifth St. An exhibit of images of the Abraham Lin- 
coln family including Mary Todd, Robert, 
William, and Thomas. 

July 4; 

Fireworks, Lincoln Recreation Center, Lincoln, IL. 
At dusk. 

July 4: 

Fireworks in Mt. Pulaski. City Park, South Spring, 
at dusk. 

July 4: 

Fireworks in Atlanta. Ball Diamond, at dusk. 

July 14, 15, 16: 
Elkhart Homecoming, Elkhart, IL (217) 947-2323. 
August l-B: 

Logan County Fair, Logan County Fairgrounds, 
Lincoln, IL. 4-H judging, open class, carnival, 
food, horse races, nightly shows, demolition derby, 
queen contest. (217) 732-3311. 

August 25, 26, 27: 
Goldwing Honda Motorcychsts, Logan County 
Fairgrounds. Parade on Saturday. 

August 27: 

Summer Craft Fair, Postville Courthouse, 914 
Fifth St., Lincoln, IL. The craft fair will highlight 
demonstrations of 1800's crafts including wood 
working, spinning, weaving, black powder shooting 
and period music. Many of the items made will be 
for sale. (217) 735-2385. 

August 26-27: 
Lincoln Arts Festival, Latham Park, Lincoln, IL. 
Includes art show, pottery, and woven clothing. A 
children's only booth with prices under $5. 
Watermelon Days include merchant sales in down- 
town Lincoln. (217) 735-2385. 

September 4: 
Air Event, Logan County Airport. Fifth annual 
show, parachutists, flying demonstrations, static 
display warbirds, airplane rides, food and other 
concessions, museum of Air History. (217) 732- 

September 11-12: 

Mt. Pulaski Fall Festival. On the square in Mt. 
Pulaski, carnival, parade, free entertainment, 
food. (217) 792-3222. 

September lt)-17: 
Atlanta Fall Festival, Atlanta City Park, Parade, 
carnival, full meal dinners by local organizations 
each evening. Food, drawings, free entertainment 

September 16-17: 
Nineteenth annual Abraham Lincoln National 
Railsplitter Contest and Crafts Festival. Logan 
County Fairgrounds, Business Rt. L55. Railsplit- 
ting contest, $7.50 first prize: flea market, hand- 
crafted folk art, steam engines, free parking, atten- 
dance prizes, entertainment, contests, food. (217) 

September 23-24: 
New Holland Homecoming. New Holland, IL, 
downtown. Parade, food, queen crowning, dance, 
free entertainment. 

November 4: 
Needs and Goals (NAGS) bazaar, Elkhart, IL 
(217) 947-2323. 

November 30: 
Christmas Parade, 10:00 a.m., downtown Lincoln. 
Floats, bands, walking entries, prizes awarded. 
(217) 735-2385. 

December 2: 
Christmas Open House, Mt. Pulaski Courthouse. 
Experience an 1850's Christmas with special 
program at 2:00 p.m. and seasonal music at night 
when the courthouse will be illuminated by 
candles. (217) 732-8930. 

December 10: 
Christmas Craft Fair, Postville Courthouse, State 
Historic Site. The craft fair will show 
demonstrations of 1800's and seasonal crafts such 
as wheat weaving, wood working, spinning, and 
more. Many of the items will be for sale. During 
the craft fair there will be seasonal music. (217) 

Country Peddler - May 5,6,7 
Memorial Day - Atlanta - May 29 
Atlanta Fall Fest - 9/1A-16 
Christmas Parade - 7:00 P.M. 

To have events listed in the next calendar: Write or 
LOGAN COUNTY, 601 Pekin St., Lincoln, EL 
62656. (217) 735-2385. 

Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy 
of information contained in this publication. 
However, if an error has been made, the Tourism 
Bureau regrets any inconvenience cause by such 
errors and invites corrections. 
At publication time, dates and times of events 
printed were accurate. If traveling long distances, 
we suggest you call ahead to verify hours and 


Postville Courthouse is a reproduction of the first 
Logan County Courthouse which was in use from 
1840 to 1847. During this period Abraham Lincoln 
served as a lawyer on the Eighth Judicial Circuit 
which held semi-annual sessions at the 
Courthouse. The town of Postville was mapped out 
in 1835 and became the first Logan County seat in 
1839. The county seat was moved to Mt. Pulaski in 
1848,' and in 1885 the boundaries of the city of Lin- 
coln completely enveloped Postville. The main 
floor of the Courthouse contains an exhibit which 
introduces visitors to the Eighth Judicial Circuit. 
The second floor contains a courtroom and county 
office furnished to the 1840's period. 
Hours: 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. 
Closed: Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year's 

Directions: Postville Courthouse is located in Lin- 
coln, Illinois. From 155, take Lincoln Exit 126 
(State Route 10), at first stoplight turn south, to 
next stoplight (Fifth Street) turn east, and proceed 
five blocks to site. 

Mount Pulaski Courthouse, listed on the 
National Register of Historic Places, is one of only 
two surviving Eighth Judicial Circuit courthouses 
in Illinois. From 1848 to 1855 the Courthouse serv- 
ed as the second Logan County Courthouse. The 
first floor contains six offices used by county of- 
ficials and the second floor has the courtroom in 
which Abraham Lincoln, as a lawyer, visited when 
court was in session. The Courthouse has been 
restored and furnished to its original 1850's 

Hours: 9.00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. 

Closed: Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's 


Directions: Mount Pulaski Courthouse is located 
on the City Square in Mount Pulaski, Illinois. 
From State Route 54, exit right on State Route 121, 
to historical marker at DeKalb Street, left of 
DeKalb four blocks to Vine Street, turn left two 
blocks to Jefferson, turn right and travel two 
blocks to City Square. 

Lincoln College Museum, located on the college 
campus. Open 1 :30 — 4:00. It houses a quarter of a 
million dollars of Abraham Lincoln memorabiUa. 
The museum of the Presidents is designed as an 
impressive shrine honoring the men from George 
Washington to the present who have served as the 
chief executive of the United States. Lincoln 
College was the first college in the country to be 
named for Abraham Lincohi. University Hall, the 
first building on campus, still stands and is on the 
National Register of Historic Places. 
OASIS Senior Citizens Center, 501 Pulaski, Lin- 
coln, IL. Open 9:00-4:00. Closed Saturday and 
Sunday. All seniors are welcome. A gift shop is 
open to anyone. Offered are card games, pool, 
bingo, crafts. Blood pressure can be taken. Walk 
ins welcome. 

Atlanta Museum. Open Tuesday- Saturday, 12:30 
- 4:30. This museum depicts Atlanta and area from 
as far back as most can remember. It displays what 
any small town could do if they put forth the effort. 
It houses family remembrances of businesses, 
organizations, farming, etc. It has all the former 
Atlanta High School pictures, trophies, etc. The 
museum annex continues on with a law office, old 
bank vault, service men and women's uniforms 
and much more. 

Lincoln Library on the National Register. Hours 
are 10 to 8 Monday through Thursday, Friday, 10 
to 6 and Saturday 9 to 3. The library grant was only 
the sixth of the Carnegie grants in Illinois. The 
library is probably the oldest intact Carnegie 
library still in use in Illinois. Other libraries in 
Logan County are in Atlanta, Elkhart, Mt. 
Pulaski, and Williamsville. 

A downtown Lincohi walking tour is available by 
contacting the Tourism office at 601 Pekin or 
calling 735-2385. Much of the downtown area is on 
the National Register of Historic Places. These 
tours are free. 


Th« Sl«t« Journol-R«9l«ter ^"56 1 1 

Spnngliold, Illinois Sunday. February 12, 19B9 


Forget whal you may hove heard. 
Men still aren't doing much 
housework -pagc H 


A new booh details the corrupt 
ways of Chicago's thieves in blach 
robes Pa§« 


Televangelists find 
viewers — and funds 
— declining page 17 



A town rich in history 
looks to the future 

Lincoln advised Paul Beaver, associate professor 
them against the at Lincoln College and curator 
Idea. 0/ the Lincoln Museum there. 

-You'd betier 
not do Ihai. ■ he warned, "for I never knew anything 
named Lincoln that amounted to much." 
" Well. Lincoln's friends dtdn't pay much attention to the 
warning. Perhaps they attributed It to his well-known, 
sell-deprecating sense o( humor. After all. Lincoln him- 
self had already amounted to something. He was a suc- 
cessful aiiomey. and. although his pollllcal career was In 
somelhingof a slump, he still had a fairly distinguished re- 
cord. As a state legislator, in 1839. he had helped carve Lo- 
gan County, which was to contain Lincoln, out of Sanga- 
mon County. And he had suggested naming the new 
county after his friend Dr. John Logan, whose son John 
would later win fame as a Union general in the Civil War. 

In any event, they stuck to their choice of names, and 
Lincoln. Illinois, became the only city to be named for 
Lincoln before he became president 

Bui maybe, just maybe. Lincoln did have some doubts 
that the new town would ever amount to anything. Al- 
thou^ he attended the first public sale of lots — even go- 
ing so tar as to "christen" the new town with juice 
squeezed from a watermelon — he dia-nol take advantage 
of the opportunity to buy any of the land. 
Maybe he didn't think it was worth owning. 
If he did have serious doubts about the town, perhaps 
he'd change his mind if he could see It today. Lincoln, the 
city, has survived, grown and prospered, and is looking 
with enthusiasm toward the 21si century, 

■■[I s not perfect, but I certainly think Uncoln can^V 
It's amounted to something," ■ ■ ~ ' " ' 
of history ai Lincoln College, 

"For a small county 1 ihink we'- 
big boys pretty good. We've held our own when we could 
have been swallowed up. Just look at other counties." 

Lincoln has achieved power beyond what might be ex- 
pected based on the city's small size. Beaver said. 

Lincoln native Ed Madigan, currently in his 1 7th yearin 
the U.S. House of RepresentaUves. is regarded as a quiet 
but highly effective representative. His brothi 

aid Paul Beaver, professor 
s whupped up 

.scaU„c„,„„a,lva.isa.«..ero,.es,a«se„r^ l;^^^^';;^ ^ll^c^^Srr^ on cc.pus 

a statue by Merrill Gaga, stands on the Uncoln College campus. Right. L'nwcrsity Hall 

vas buiit around IhbS. 

Lincoln resident John McCullough Is a 

"I personally believe thai Uncoln has had, throughout 
its 136 years, more political influence for Its size than any 
other (co.Timunlty) I know of." Beaver said. "And II 
wasn't alwaysjust Republican activity. Judge (Lawrence) 
Stringer who was a U S congressman, was very Instru- 
mental in getting the Illinois Democrats to back Woodrow 
Wilson in the 1912 (presidential) election." 

Lincoln today Is a city of about 1 7.200 people. II has two 
state prisons, a state developmental center for the handi- 
capped, two colleges, and factories that produce every- 
ihing from insulated windows to Lysol to electrical equip- 
ment lo cardboard boxes. 

The city also boasts a courthouse square that couples 
ihe charm of tradiilonal Midwestern design with full oc- 
cupancy — no mean accomplishment for small downstate 
cities these days, 

■TTie downtown is in great shape." said Beth Harding, 
executive director of the Chamber of Commerce. "We're 
one of Ihe few areas around with a full downtown. We 
have a lot of little specially shops." 

It's all quite different from the Uncoln that Mr. Lincoln 
first saw. In the summer of 1853. the city existed only on 
paper. The place itself 'was an unimpressive piece of prai- 
rie, indlslinguishable from the thousands and thousands 
of rolling acres around it. 

What made ihls place special was the coming of Ihe Chi- 
cago and Mississippi Railroad. Lincoln's friend and client 
Robert Latham was both Ihe sheriff of Logan County and 
an agent of the railroad, so he had Inside knowledge of 
where Ihe line was to nm and where a station was to be 
built. _ ,, _ 

Latham bought up property along the proposed nne 
with the Idea of building a town around the rail center. It 
was a maneuver that would probably draw the attention 
of the authorities today. In those days it was Just smart 

Page 12 Sunday, February 12. 1989 

The State Journal-Register Springfield, Illinois 

The city of Lincoln 

• /rom page 11 

By 1870. Lincoln had nearly 5.000 
residents. The town s early growth 
was due to the railroad and to the pro- 
ducilviiy of the surrounding Tarm- 

"U'e have some of the richesi land 
In the world around here." said Bea- 
ver, whose great-greai-grandfaiher 
settled in Logan Counly a tew months 
before the city of Lincoln was laid 

Beaver said the land was made es- 
pecially productive because of inno- 
vative drainage techniques used by 
William Scullv. an Irish landlord who 
eventually owned 30,000 acres in Lo- 
gan County, By the turn of the centu- 
ry, Scully was the owner of the largesi 
accumulation ol farm land in the 

As early as the 1870s, Scully's 
workers, mostly experienced, hard- 
working farmers brought from Ger- 
many and Ireland, were using tiles lo 
drain the marshy prairie. 

"He came in that early and made it 
productive when even the federal 
government didn't think II would 
work." Beaver said. "Wiihoul the til- 
ing, il wouldn'l have worked. That, 
and the qualliy of the immigrants he 
got, jusi turned the area inlo a gar- 
den. With him draining II and them 
farming il. it Just turned it inlo one of 
Ihe richesi areas of land in Ihe United 

Another land baron who contribut- 
ed 10 Ihe growth of agriculture m Lo- 
gan Couniy was John Gilleil. who 
raised canle on his farm near Elk- 
hart. When he died in 18HR. Gilleii 
was the richest man in the couniy. 
and was known as the "Caitle King of 
the World." 

Since Ihe days of Gillett and Scully, 
agriculture has helped form the sta- 
ble base of Lincoln's economy, con- 
tributing not only job.'^. but also reve- 
nue lor a thriving downtown retail 

"Downtown Lincoln was ver\- fam- 
ous for lis retail trade." Beaver said. 
"One famous area was Dutch Row, 
along Chicago Si reel, where the Ger- 
mans shopped " 

The mid-1870salso brought the in- 
stitution now known as Lincoln De- 
velopmental Center. Originally 
called the Illinois Asvlum (or Feeble- 
Mlnded Children, and later ihe Lin- 
coln State School and Colony, the in- 

stilulion added its own stabilizing 
effect with a large number of slate 

Coal was discovered near Lincoln 
in 1867. and mining became an im- 
portant pan of the economy by Ihe 
turn of the century. The mines also 
changed the composition of the com- 

Most of the early settlers of the 
community were Kentuckians, with 
their roots in Virgi iia. the Carollnas 
and ultimately in the British Isles. 
Scully's farms add;d Irish and Ger- 
man immigranis {<■ the mix. 

The mines broughi a different 
group — Poles. Serbs. Croaiians and 
other eastern Europeans — men 
known not by their longue-twisting 
surnames buf hy nicknames like 
"Ten Dollar Mike" and "Coalboal 

The mines also brought Ihe grow- 
ing labor movement lo Lincoln. 

Police records from Ihe 1890s pro- 
vide evidence ol labor trouble, and of 
the impact a four-year-long econom- 
ic depression had on the little lown. 

In 1894. Ihe records show, miners 
went on strike at the south mine, and ' 
the Chicago and Alton Railroad 
asked city officials to help protect 
company trains hauling coal from (he 

Police Supennlendent John Mitch- 
ell and ihree of his officers rode the 
train to the mine shaft. A mob of strik- 
ers ailacked the train, and a knife 
was thrown al Mitchell, but the po- 
lice, wiih the aid of the train crew, 
were eventually able to beat back the 
mob and restore order. 

About the same lime, according to 
city records, Mitchell was asking the 
city council (or more officers "to 
cope with nurnerous highway robber- 
ies and other serious crimes being 
committed by tramps," 

Mitchell lold the council there was 
a camp of "vagabonds" on Sugar 
Creek, north of town, "where 25 men 
now exist without viable means of 
support, and conduct nightly raids on 
Ihe countryside, robbing and injuring 
citizens and propeny," 

Author William Maxwell, now 80, 
who was born in Lincoln and spent his 
_ childhood there, has happier memo- 
' ries of a period a few years later, jus( 
after the turn of the century. 

In those da>s. Maxwell wrote in his 
book" Ancestors," "The population of 
Lincoln stayed between ten and elev- 

robin adams sloan 

King Features Syndicate 

Q. Isn't that beautiful aclress Mi- 
chelle Pfeiffer being something o( a 
home-wrecker by getting romanli- 
Ciilly involved with her married 

A. All I can do in thi.'; case 
what happened during the n 
"DiingerouF Liaisons," the 

puts [be palace at Versailles lo 
shame. Is all this possible from a 
singing career and a talk show? — 

A. Add to his Job resume some bril- 
liant real estate deals and it's not only 
possible bui likely. As lor the house, il 
has 60.000 square feet of living space, 
two tennis courts. Ihree lakes, a heli- 
copter pad and parking for 70 cars. 
His current house, which he bought 

en thousand, and with very few ex- 
ceptions they were all In bed by ten 

"In my childhood," Maxwell wrote, 
"Lincoln was entirely canopied with 
elm, silver maple, box elder, linden 
and Cottonwood trees. Their 
branches frequently met over Itie 
brick pavement, and here and there, 
above this green roof, steeples and 
bell lowers protruded: the Methodisi. 
the Baptist, the Cumberland Presby- 
terian, the German Catholic and the 
Evangelical Lutheran, ihe Christian, 
the Irish Catholic, the Presbyterian, 
the Congregational, the African 
Methodist, the Universalisi, the Epis- 
copalian. On Sunday morning the air 
was full of the pleasant sound of 
church bells." 

Maxwell also remembered the 
farmers who made up the backbone 
of Ihe area's economy, 

"On Saturday nights the farmers 
drove into town in their buckboard 
wagons, and I saw them roaming the 
courthouse square with unsmiling 
laces when we drove downtown for 
an ice cream soda. At lhai period, ris- 
ing in the world meani giving up 
working with your hands In favor of 
work in a store or office. The people 

who lived in lown had made it, and 
turned their backs socially on those 
who had not but were still growing 
corn and wheat out there in the coun- 

As the 20th cenlury rolled on, Lin- 
coln continued in its dual paths of be- 
ing sheltered from the outside world, 
yel clearly being a part of it. For ex- 
ample, well before the coming of the 
hard roads Lincoln paved the way for 
the aulomoiive age. 

In 1909. the Lincoln Motor Vehicle 
Co. was formed. The company manu- 
factured a high-wheeled car with sol- 
id rubber iires and a two-cylinder air- 
cooled engine. The car never caught 
on — it was manufactured for only a 
couple of years — but industrialisl 
Henry Ford did evenlually buy the 
rights to use ihe company name for a 
line of cars that is still available. 

Lincoln made a more significant 
conlribuiion to another budding lech- 
nologj'. In the early 1920s a young 
man named Les Ailass obtained a li- 
cense 10 operate a radio station. Two 
local musicians provided most of the 
enlenainment for the station, which 
Atlass named WBBM, for "We Broad- 
cas! Seller Music." 

When Atlass broadcast the district 

high school basketball tournament 
from the gym of Lincoln College in 
March 1923. he entered the record 
books with the first basketball game 
ever aired in Ihe United Stales. 

In 1925. Atlass took his station, and 
its call letters, to Chicago. He later be- 
came one of the founders of the CBS 
broadcasting nelwork. 

The 1920s also brought Prohibition 
lo Lincoln Writing in a 1982 history 
of Logan Couniy. Sanford Patterson 
said one runningjoke during Prohibi- 
tion was that there were so many 
booUeggers In the couniy that they 
had lo wear badges so they wouldn't 
sell to each other 

Mosl famous ol Lincoln's bootleg- 
gers was John "Coonhound Johnny" 
Schwenoha. whose (avorile sport 
was. obviously, coon hunting. 

Schwenoha was w£ll<onnected — 
his Lincoln operation was one of Al 
Capone's many downstaie retreats. 
Schwenoha operated a speakeasy on 
the north side of town, and he kepi a 
supply of slot machines on hand lor 
the entertainment of Capone's neni.h- 

Schwenoha's influence couldn'l al- 
ways keep him out of trouble, bui it 
continued to be useful. In 1924. local 

law officers and federal agents raid- 
ed f7 Illegal establishments, includ- 
ing Schwenoha's. In one day. Schwen- 
oha was jailed, but was later ordered 
released by President Calvin Coo- 
lidge. reportedly the only bootlegger 
to ever receive a presidential pardon. 

After Prohibition ended. Schwen- 
oha operated a roadhouse that fea- 
tured gambling along wiih other en- 
tertainments. He added to his legend 
on Dec. 6. 194\. the day before the 
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. 
With World War II — and Its four- 
year rubber shortage — just a day 
away, Coonhound Johnny reportedly 
bought every lire for sale in Logan 

Lincoln may not be as colorful to- 
day, but it does continue to tout its 
strengths as a small town that's pari 
of the larger world. 

"I ihink our greatest strength is the 
quality of life here." said Chamber of 
Commerce director Harding. "Lin- 
coln IS kind of a small town, but we 
have a great location in the center of 
a million people in Bloomington-Nor- 
mal. Peoria, Springfield, Decatur and 
even Champalgn-Urbana. With all 

O continued on page 13 



Lancome, Paris. 

MOST ETHEREAL SHADES of rose, violet, 
plum and taupe. A totally magnificent 
bouquet of spring colour meant to delight all 
your senses. Imagine a whole new way to 
wear these incurably romantic facecolours: 
washed across eyelids, lips and cheeks for a 
fresh yet sophisticated, demi-matte effect by 
day . . . plus, for fantastic p.m. drama, 
surprise colour accents straight from the 

The S,a.e Journal-Register Spnoflf.eld, l,„no,8 Sunday Feh, 

Sunday, February 12, ,989 p^^^^ 

Sights to see in Lincoln 

Lincoln is home lo several his- 
toric siles and other places of in- 
terest lo tourists. They include: 

• The Poslville Courthouse, 914 
Fifth St, In 1835, nearly 20 years 
before Lincoln was mapped oul, 
the village of Postville was sellled 
by a speculator named Russell 
Post. Lawyer Abraham Lincoln 
frequently visited the community, 
arguing many cases in the court- 
house Postville was eventually 
engulfed by the growing town of 
Lincoln. A replica of the court- 
house was built on the original site 
in the mid-l95Us and is operated 
by the state Department of Con- 

• Lincoln College, 300 Keokuk 
SI The college's oldest building. 
University Hall, dates to the 
1860s. The college is also home to 
the Lincoln Museum and to the 
statute "Lincoln the Student," by 
sculptor Merrill Gage. 

• The Lincoln Gallery, Olympic 
Federal Savings and Loan. 1 1 1 N. 
Sangamon St. The gallery in- 
cludes a statue of Lincoln chris- 
tening the city and a collection of 
paintings by Lloyd Ostendort de- 
picting Lincoln's life. 

• Train Depot, Chicago and 
Broadway streets. Site of Lin- 
coln's christening of the town with 
the juice of a watermelon, Aug. 27, 
1853. A statue of a watermelon 
near the depot commemorates 
the event As president-elect. Lin- 
coln spoke on this site on his way 

to Chicago on Nov. 21,1 860. His fu- 
neral train stopped here on May 3, 
1865, on its way to Springfield. 

• The Rustic Tavern, 412 Pulas- 
ki St. In the 1870s, a gang of coun- 
terfeiters plotted to steal Lincoln's 
body from Oak Ridge Cemetery in 
order to exchange it for a jailed 
gang member. Part of the plot was 
hatched here. 

• Stephen A Douglas site, De- 
catur and Sangamon streets 
Douglas spoke to a Democratic 
political rally in a circus tent here 
during the 1858 senatorial cam- 
paign. His opponent, Lincoln, re- 
portedly attended the speech. 

• Lincoln properly, 523 Pulaski 
St. Lincoln didn't buy this lot, but 
he did co-Sign a note tor a friend 
who did buy it. The friend was un- 
able 10 keep up the payments, so 
Lincoln inherited the lot, and its 
property taxes. 

• Logan County Courthouse, 
downtown square. Built in 1905. 
the courthouse Includes a Civil 
War memorial, statues of Lincoln, 
murals and historical displays. 

• Lincoln Public Library, 725 
Pekin SI. One of the original li- 
braries built with the financial as- 
sistance of philanthropist Andrew 
Carnegie, this 1902 structure fea- 
tures a stained glass dome 

• The Heritage-in-Flight Muse- 
um, Logan County Airport. The 
museum contains memorabilia 
and artifacts from all U S mili- 
tary conflicts dating back to 
World War I. 

The city of Lincoln 

• from page 1 2 

the cultural tacilitiesand everything, 
we have the best of many worlds." 

Lincoln continues lo have the stabi- 
lizing presence of a large stale pay- 
roll. Although the Developmental 
Center has considerably reduced its 
workforce — due to the trend toward 
placement of the handicapped in 
community settings — Lincoln has 
acquired two state prisons lo make up 
lor the lost employment. 

And, although the population de- 
clined in past years, the city's growth 
is once again slow, but relatively sta- 
ble The population in 1980 was 
16.300, while the projection for 1990 
is 17,700. Long-term growth depends 
to a great extent on future economic 

Chamber president Les Plotner, 
superintendent ol the Lincoln ele- 
mentary School District, said the City 
"is probably right on the verge of 
some pretty great things." 

"We're gelling things together 
where we're all pulling in the same 
direction," Plotner said "There is a 
resurgence of people who are 
growth-conscious. For a while we 
were kind of content with what we 
had. For the last 10-12 years, we just 
didn't quite do as much."" 

The city IS hoping to establish an in- 
dustrial park to lure new business 
and industry, although the cost of pro- 

viding utilities to such a site has sty- 
mied those efforts so far. Lincoln has 
also established an enterprise zone to 
provide tax incentives to new busi- 
nesses. Harding said. 

So far, the new Diamond Star Mo- 
tets plant in Normal has not drawn 
any supporting industries to Lincoln, 
she said, but city officials continue to 
hope for spinoffs. 

Tourism is also becoming an in- 
creasingly important factor in the 
city"s economy. Harding said 

In the past, the city has been am- 
bivalent about its historical heritage 
— proud of its connection with Abra- 
ham Lincoln, but somewhat hesitant 
about promoting it. 

Perhaps the best example of this 
ambivalence occurred in the lH20s, 
when the city fathers were content to 
let Henry Ford buy the Postville 
Courthouse, where Lincoln had actu- 
ally practiced law, for his Deerfield 
Village in Michigan. It was 30 years 
before the cily built a replica of the 
courthouse on the original site. 

Now, Harding said, the city is more 
actively selling itself and the sur- 
rounding area as a tourisi site. Har- 
ding said the combination of tourism 
and hoped-for industrial growth 
could mean good things very soon for 
the city. 

" We all feel like we're on the brink 
of something really breaking loose," 
she said. 

Volume XXII, Number 3 


Lincoln Newsletter 


Lincoln, Illinois 

Fall 2003 

Lincoln, Illinois, Holds Gala 
Sesquicentennial Celebration: August 21-31, 2003 

By Barbara Hughett 

he city of Lincoln is getting 
ready to celebrate its 150th 

birthday in a big way — with a 

ten-day party, beginning on Thurs- 
day, August 21, and continuing 
through Sunday, August 31 ! Each day 
will feature a diverse selection of in- 
teresting things to do for the entire 

The wide-ranging variety of 
events will include the annual bal- 
loon festival; carnivals; flea markets; 
antique showings; an art fair; a soap- 
box derby; fireworks; music of all 
varieties; a petting zoo; the crowning 
of the Sesquicentennial Queen; the 
dedication of the Abraham Lincoln 
well; a symposium panel on "Abra- 
ham Lincoln & Lincoln, Illinois," fea- 
turing noted Lincoln scholars; an 1853 
christening ceremony reenactment; 
a farmers market; fried chicken and 
pork-chop dinners; a Sesquicenten- 
nial Queen Coronation; a Civil War 
Ball, and much, much more! 

In this issue, we will feature more 
detailed articles about some of the 
special events. Also, we will include 
a schedule of events, as known at 
press time. (Please note that exact 
times of events are subject to 

The Birth of a City 

Let's go back to that warm sum- 
mer day — Saturday, August 27, 
1853, when Abraham Lincoln chris 
tened his namesake city. How did 
the town come to be called Lin- * 
coin anyway? After all, Abra- 

ham Lincoln, though a successful Il- 
linois lawyer, was not exactly a house- 
hold name at that point in time. He 
had served in the Illinois House of 
Representatives and one term (1847- 
1849) in the United States House of 
Representatives, but his national fame 
didn't come until 1858 and his fa- 
mous debates with Senator Stephen 
A. Douglas during the campaign for 
the U.S. senatorial seat (which he lost 
to Mr. Douglas). Abraham Lincoln, 
however, had developed strong 
bonds of friendship with the people 
of Central Illinois. 

It was Lincoln, in his capacity as 
lawyer for the developers of the new 
town, located thirty miles northeast 
of Springfield, who drew up the city 
charter. It was the only town named 




for him during his lifetime. The 
town's founders — Colonel Robert 
Latham, Virgil Hickox, and John D. 
Gillett — named it in his honor in spite 
of his protests that "nothing named 
Lincoln ever amounted to much." 

The day of the christening was a 
gala occasion, featuring a "Sale of 
Lots" for the new town. The sale, 
which began at 10:00 a.m., had been 
advertised in all the newspapers in 
central Illinois. A special train from 
Springfield brought interested per- 
sons to the event for a round-trip fare 
of fifty cents. The train left Spring- 
field at 7:30 a.m. and returned at 5:00 

Tradition has it that Abraham 
Lincoln was on that train, perhaps 
accompanied by Robert, his ten-year- 
old son. Lincoln christened his name- 
sake town with the juice of a water- 
melon. According to the recollections 
of people who were present, the man, 
who would in less than eight years 
become President of the United States, 
was asked by Robert Latham to chris- 
ten the city with the juice of a water- 
melon. He selected one from a nearby 
stack, severed it, squeezed some juice 
into a tin cup, and poured it on the 

He is supposed to have said at 
the end of a brief speech, "The young- 
est American on the ground 
1 1 shall feast with me on the chris- 
'"tening watermelon." Here ac- 
' ^ ^ counts differ as to the identity of 
that "youngest American on the 

Continued on Page 8 



"Abraham Lincoln & Lincoln, 
Illinois'' to be Discussed by 
Panel on August 25 

^highlight of the Lincoln Ses- 
r\ quicentennial Celebration will be 
the panel discussion on Heritage 
Day, August 25, at 7:00 p.m. at the Johnson 
Center for Performing Arts on the Lincoln 
College Campus. A lengthy article on this 
event appeared in our last issue of this 
newsletter. But, to summarize: 

The topic is "Abraham Lincoln & 
Ln-icoln, Illinois," and the panel, to be 
moderated by Ron Keller, director of the 
Lincoln College Museum, will feature the 
following contributors: 

• Mark A. Plummer, Professor of History 
Emeritus, Illinois State University and 
award-winning author of several books 
on Lincoln and Illinois history; 

• Wayne C. Temple, chief deputy archivist 
at the Illinois State Archives, author of 
several books and numerous articles on 
Lincolniana and Illinois history, and 
former editor of the Lincoln Herald; 

• Paul J. Beaver, Professor Emeritus, 
Lincoln College, author, co-producer of 
a documentary video about Lincoln in 
Logan County, and vice president of the 
Lincoln Sesquicentennial Committee; 

• Paul E. Gleason, assistant to the director 
of the Lincoln College Museum, history 
instructor at the college, and co-author 
of Logan County: A Pictorial History. 

Free tickets may be obtained by contacting 
the Abraham Lincoln Tourism Bureau at 

Continued from Page 1 - Lincoln Holds Gala Sesquicentennial 

ground." According to accounts cited in Judge Lawrence B. 
Stringer's History of Logan County, J//mo/s (1911), that child was John 
Stevens, a local boy. However in 1991, Lincoln scholar and Logan 
County historian James T. Hickey said that his research indicated 
that "youngest American" might have been none other than Robert 
Lincoln. Proceeds from the sale of lots in the new down totaled 
$6,000, a considerable sum in 1853. 

Contracts drawn up by Abraham Lincoln for the sale of the 
town lots provided for the release of the purchasers in the event 
that the county seat was not established on the site within one year. 
In preparation for that occurance, Robert Latham deeded the sites 
for the Logan County courthouse and jail. Indeed, in the next 
election, Lincoln, Illinois, was named the county seat. 

Lincoln himself did not purchase a lot, but four years later, as 
payment on a $400 note he had endorsed, he received a lot on the 
south side of the courthouse square. He owned it for the rest of his 
life. In 1874, his widow deeded it to their son, Robert Lincoln. 
Robert sold it to Captain David H. Harts, a member of the Lincoln 
College Board of Trustees. 

Lincoln in Lincoln, Illinois 

Abraham Lincoln knew the town of Lincoln intimately. His 
legal experience was gained in the courthouses of the old Eighth 
Circuit, which included Postville, Mt. Pulaski, and later, Lincoln. 
Deskins Tavern was his place of lodging when he stayed in the area. 
He sometimes played ball in Postville Park after court adjourned, 
and often threw the maul with John Allison, owner of Deskins 

Though never elected a judge, it was in Lincoln in 1857 that 
Abraham Lincoln filled this position pro tern, in the absence of and 
with the approval of Judge David Davis, and also with the approval 
of both parties in the case. He presided in the Christian church, as 
the Logan County courthouse had been destroyed by fire and was 
not yet rebuilt. 

The following year, after leaving a train from Bloomington, he 
stepped into a tent near the Lincoln railroad depot to hear Senator 
Stephen A. Douglas, his opponent in the 1858 senatorial contest. 
Later in that campaign, Lincoln addressed a rally at the courthouse. 
Although Logan County went for Douglas in that election, it 
backed Abraham Lincoln for president in both the 1860 and 1864 

Lincoln Newsletter 


300 Keokuk Street 
Lincoln, Illinois 62656 

Non-Profit Org. 
U.S. Postage 


Permit No. 95 
Lincoln, IL 62656 


Namesake town wants 
looming Lincoln statue 

■ Supporters 
advocate large 
theme park, too 

LINCOLN (AP) - Abraham 
Lincoln's legacy is already 
etched on everything from Illi- 
nois' license plates to commem- 
orative quarters, but a 
small-town group hopes an 
even bigger tribute is yet to 

A towering 305-foot monu- 
ment of the 16th president — as 
tall as the Statue of Liberty — 
has been proposed in this name- 
sake city of about 15,000 people, 
which Lincoln christened years 
before his rise into history. 

Supporters think the $40 mil- 
lion statue, which would be vis- 
ible for about 20 miles, could 
ultimately anchor a massive 
theme park blending historical 
exhibits with rides, restaurants 
and other attractions. 

"If we get the money, I think 
you'll see it go and I think you'll 
see it become one of the biggest 
tourist attractions in America," 
said the Rev. S.M. Davis, a Lin- 
coln pastor who first suggested 
the mammoth monument. 

The idea has met skepticism 
in Lincoln, where some towns- 
people worry that the hulking 
statue might be in bad taste. 
Others question whether the 
rural area could pull off a proj- 
ect so big that organizers pre- 
dict it could double Lincoln's 
population within five years. 

"Most of the people I talk to 
think it's a joke," said Don 
Loren, who has been a down- 
town barber for 54 years. 

But stranger things have hap- 
pened in the growing amuse- 
ment industry, said Art Schutte 
of International Theme Park 
Services, a Cincinnati-based 
firm working with Lincoln stat- 
ue supporters. 

"Remember Branson?" 
Schutte said, referring to the 
small Missouri town that has 
become a country music mecca. 
"You just never know." 

Davis first floated the idea 
about 21/2 years ago, and a com- 
munity group was appointed to 
solicit the corporate donations 
needed to bankroll the project. 

This is an artist's rendering of a 
proposed 305-foot monument of 
Abraliam Lincoln to be built in 
Lincoln. Supporters such as the 
Rev. S.M. Davis, a Lincoln pas- 
Then the nation's economy 
soured and the Twin Towers 
fell, raising concerns about 
adding new targets for terror- 
ism, said chairman Larry Stef- 

With the economy showing 
signs of recovery, supporters 
recently renewed their sales 
pitch. Steffens said one compa- 
ny is already "very interested," 
and Schutte thinks several 
might be willing to invest in 
exchange for naming rights. 

The first phase of the project 
would build the steel and fiber- 
glass statue, patterned after a 
Lloyd Ostendorf painting that 
shows Lincoln christening the 
town with watermelon juice in 
1853, Steffens said. 

Though organizers hope to 
match the height of the Statue 
of Liberty, Steffens said plans 
could shrink because of air traf- 
fic and the tornadoes that 


tor who first suggested the stat- 
ue, say it would be visible for 
about 20 miles and could be one 
of the biggest tourist attrac- 
tions in the United States. 

threaten the area every spring. 

The initial phase, which 
would take about two years to 
build, also would put replicas of 
two wooden barrels behind Lin- 
coln — 10-story buildings that 
could house museums, shops 
and restaurants, Steffens said. 

Later, the project near Inter- 
state 55 could expand to include 
historical exhibits, along with 
rides, shows and other attrac- 
tions similar to Six Flags or Dis- 
ney World, Steffens said. 

"You don't do something like 
this in a year or two years. It 
may take 20 years, but if that's 
what it takes that's what it 
takes," Steffens said. 

Tourism officials think the 
statue would be an economic 
boost for both Lincoln, which 
already has a replica of a Lin- 
coln-era courthouse and a Lin- 
coln College museum with $2.2 
million of memorabilia. 

Kigi lCA fHday, Miirch 26, 20O4 SI); DalUU J«otnins J«<l"» II 


Honest — town considering 
305-foot statue of Lincoln 

Illinois backers plan on 
tourist hot spot, but 
foes fear it's bad taste 

V Associated Press 

LINCOLN, 111. - Abraham 
Lincoln's ties to Illinois already are 
honored on everything from state 
Ucense plates to commemorative 
quarters, but a small-town group 
is working on an even bigger trib- 

A 305-foot monument of the 
former U.S. president — as tall as 
the statue of Liberty — has been 
proposed in his namesake tovm of 
15,000 people. 

That's more than 230 feet high- 
ifer than Texas' tallest statue — the 
toallas Zoo giraffe off Interstate 35, 
svhich is <o?k feet. That's about 
lialf a foot taller than the statue of 
Sam Houston off Interstate 45 
jiear Huntsville. 

In Illinois, supporters think the 
!|40 million Lincoln statue could 
lultimately anchor a massive 
Sheme park, blending historical 
[exhibits vvdth rides, restaurants 
■^nd other attractions. 

"If we get the money, I think 
youH see it go, and I think youH 
gee it become one of the biggest 
lourist attractions in America," 
laid the Rev S.M. Davis, a Lincoln 
pastor who first suggested the 

if. But the idea has met skepticism 
in Lincoln, where some townspeo- 
ple worry that the statue, which 
:would be visible for about 20 
tnUes, might be in bad taste. Oth- 
ers question whether the rural ar- 
ea could pull off a project so big 
that organizers predict it could 
double Lincoln's population with- 
in five years. 

"Most of the people I talk to 
think it's a joke," said Don Loren, a 
downtown barber for 54 years. 

But stranger things have hap- 
pened in the growing amusement 
industry, said Art Schutte of Inter- 
national Theme Park Services, a 
Cincinnati-based firm working 
with Lincoln statue supporters. 

"Remember Branson?" Mr. 
Schutte said, referring to the small 

Associated Press 

A drawing shows the proposed monument of Abraham lincohi 
in Lineohi, ni. It would be visible for about 20 miles. 

Missouri town that has become a 
country music mecca. 'You just 
never know." 

Mr. Davis first floated the idea 
about 2'/2 years ago, and a com- 
munity group was appointed to 
solicit the corporate donations for 
the project. Then the nation's 
economy soured and the World 
Trade Center towers fell, raising 
concerns about adding new terror- 
ism targets, said Larry Steffens, 
chairman of the group. 

With the economy shov\dng 
signs of recovery, supporters re- 
cently renewed their sales pitch. 
Mr. Steffens said one company is 
already "very interested," and Mr. 
Schutte thinks several might be 
willing to invest in exchange for 
naming rights. 

The steel and fiberglass statue 
would be patterned after a Lloyd 
Ostendorf painting that shows 

Lincoln christening the town with ! 
watermelon juice in 1853, Mr. 
Steffens said. \ 

Though organizers hope toj 
match the height of the Statue of j 
Liberty, Mr. Steffens said the Lin- i 
coin statue may be smaller be-; 
cause of air traffic and the toma- ; 
does that threaten the area every ! 
spring. I 

The initial phase, which would! 
take about two years, also would] 
put replicas of two wooden barrels i 
behind Lincoln — 10-story build-; 
ings that could house museums,, 
shops and restaurants, Mr. Stef-^ 
fens said. . 

Tourism officials think the stat-i 
ue would be an economic boon forj 
both lincoki, which already has a; 
replica of a Lincoln-era court-] 
house and a Lincohi CoUege muse-j 
um -with $2.2 million of memora-i 

Page C6 

Monday, J uh 5, 2004 

; the newly estab- 

County's Abe Lincoln sites y^ct colorful boost 

The Courier 

County's Abe Lincoln sites get colorful boost 


Tuesday, July 03, 2007 

The first of what is planned to be series of signs marking Abraham Lincoln sites in Logan 
County was dedicated this morning on the front of the Sherwin Williams building in 
downtown Lincoln. 

Historian Paul Beaver and Lincoln Railsplitting Association president Darlene Begolka 
unveiled the sign on the site of the lot at 523 Pulaski St. that Abraham Lincoln once 

"For me personally, it has been a long struggle to see these signs put in place," said Paul 
Beaver, chairman of Lincoln's Looking for Lincoln Committee. "And it is nov^ very mce to 
see the very first one in place and in honor of a great friend, Les Sheridan." 

The late Les Sheridan was a member of the Lincoln Railsplitting Association, which paid 
the entire cost of the sign. 

Beaver and Charles Ott reminisced about how Sheridan, an avid Lincoln promoter, would 
call them in the middle of the night to pitch a project he had dreamed up for promoting 
the community. 

"People used to think things Les Sheridan talked about were way out of the world," Ott 
said. "But a lot of it came true. He was a great dreamer." 

Beaver first noticed signs similar to the one unveiled this morning during a trip to 
Gettysburg, Pa. He set about several years ago to make them a reality for marking the 
county's Abraham Lincoln sites. 

Each sign will feature an illustration produced by the late Lloyd Ostendorf, a well-known 
Lincoln collector and illustrator, who lived in Dayton, Ohio. 

Sheridan contacted Ostendorf about 1971 , and commissioned him to do a series of 
illustrations depicting various activities of Abraham Lincoln in Logan County. Eventually, 
about 30 pictures were produced, mostly in black and white. 

"l don't know how he talked Lloyd Ostendorf into doing those prints," Beaver said. "He was 
a famous illustrator." 

Adam May, owner/operator of AMP Studios in Lincoln, used computer software to colorize 
the illustrations for the signs. 

The first sign shows Lincoln paying taxes on his lot to the deputy county collector of taxes 
at the old Logan County Courthouse. 

The city of Atlanta is proceeding with the acquisition of four signs that will deal with 1 7 

. r 1 u «- Page 2 of 2 

County's Abe Lincoln sites get colorful boost 

I inroln's involvement in that city and the Abraham Lincoln Tourism Bureau of Logan 
County h^s a^^^^^^ at the Railsplitter Covered Wagon and the Postville Well, across 

from Postville Courthouse State Historic Site, where Lincoln drank water. 

Interest has also been expressed for placing signs at Postville Courthouse, the Middletown 
Stagecoach Inn and Lincoln sites in Mount Pulaski, Elkhart and elsewhere around the 
county. In all, about 30 sites are slated for signs. 

Print Story | Close Window 1 7 


A native son 
has created an 
exhaustive Web site 
of all things related 
to his hometown 


of the Journal Star 

Pm o matter where Leigh Henson re- 
■^W sides, his boyhood home of Lincoln 
'&i is only a mouse click aWay . 
m \S Last July the 61-year-old for- 
mer Pekin Community High School Eng- 
lish teacher, who's now a professor of 
technical writing at Southwest Missouri 
State University launched his Web site 
wliich teUs the story of President Abraham 
Lincoln and the first town named in his 

In Lincoln, the country's 16th president 
had practiced law, substituted as a judge, 
owned property and engaged in politics. 

In Henson's introduction, he writes that 
he created the Web site as a public service to 
educate viewers about the rich heritage and 
promising future of Lincoln — a community 
of 15,400 located 60 miles south of Peoria. 

He hopes the Lincoln Web site will pro- 
mote civic pride among the town's residents 
and encourage nonresidents to visit his boy- 
hood hometown. 

Henson is following in the footsteps of 
former Lincoln resident and literary figure 
William Maxv/ell, who often focused on the 
small Midwestern community in his novels 
and short stories. But rather than deliver his 

message in print, Henson chose the Internet. 

"I teach a graduate class in Web site 
design and development," Henson said in a 
telephone interview. "So this was good prac- 
tice for me. Developing a Web site pubUca- 
tion has distinctive advantages over tradi- 
tional book pubUcation. With a Web site, you 
can interact with the reader. A Web site also 
allows you to add and revise the content a 
lot easier. 

"My Lincoln Web site home page car- 
ries announcements of new additions. For 
example, in the chapter "Transformation of 
Abraham Lincoln and the Founding of Lin- 
coln, Illinois.' I recently added a 4,000-word 
section about two lawyers, Samuel Parks 
and Lionel Lacey with whom Abraham 
Lincoln coUaborated whUe practicing law at 
the Logan County Courthouse from 1853 to 

I860. , , ^ , , 

"Parks became a distinguished judge and 
was a key supporter of Abraham Lincoln in 
the 1860 Republican Convention that nomi- 

Leigh Henson 
sits in his 
office with his 
Web site on 
his computer 
screen. The 
site contains 
the equivalent 
of 800 printed 
pages and 
was recently 
named the 
Illinois State 
"best Web 
site of the 

Photo courtesy ol 
Leigh Henson 

nated Lincoln as Its presidential candidate. 
I published rai-e photos of these attorneys in 
the Lincoln Web site." 

Henson's Web site is the equivalent of 
more than 800 printed pages with about 
1,000 images. Some 7,000 viewers have vis- 
ited the site. It also has attracted the notice 
of the Illinois State Historical Society, which 
recently named the site "best Web site of the 

year." . ^ , 

"The Illinois State Historical Society has 
two levels of awards," Henson said. "The 
top level is Superior Achievement, which is 
the one my Web site won. Naturally I'm very 
pleased with the award. It means recogni- 
tion for several years of research on this 
project. And by winning the award, I got 
some publicity which will mean more people 
will know about the Web site. " 

Included in the Web site's content are 
Henson's memoirs of growing up in Lincoln 
Please see LINCOLN, Page 05 


Continued from Page C6 

as well as recollections of pres- 
ent and former Lincolnites. 

"Where I lived was in walking 
distance of the PostvUle Court- 
house, where Lincoln practiced 
law riding the 8th Judicial 
Circuit," Hanson said. "I also 
lived very close to PostvUle 
Park, where Lincoln played an 
early form of baseball. I re- 
member many family picnics in 
that park. I grew up'with both 
sets of my grandparents within 
walking distance of my home." 

In creating the Web site, 
Henson had the help of many 
native Lincolnites, including 
attorney Fred Blanford and 
Illinois Appellate Court Justice 
James Knecht of Bloomington. 

"In addition to recollections 

about growing up in Lincoln 
from Justice Knecht, I also 
included a short story by him 
about playing pool at Hickey's 
Billiards in downtown Lincoln 
on Chicago Street. Knecht's 
story tells how this pool haU 
was a real-world classroom that 
taught him a great deal about 
human nature. The story is as 
good as any Hemingway short 

In addition to writer WU- 
liam Maxwell, poet Langston 
Hughes also called Lincoln 
home for a time. 

"Hughes spent his eighth- 
grade yeau- in Lincoln," Henson 
said. "In 1953, he wrote his 
eighth-grade teacher, Miss 
Ethel F. Welch, that he had 
never forgotten Lincoln. He 
told her that his writing cai'eer 
began In eighth grade when he 
was elected class poet." 

Among many published 

sources used to develop the 
site are quotations from Max- 
well, who used people and 
places from Lincoln in many of 
his short stories. 

The Web site goes into great 
detail on the founding of Lin- 
coln in August 1853. The town 
was located about a mile east of 
a commimity called PostvlUe in 
the vicinity of the Chicago and 
Alton Railroad tracks. PostvUle 
would later be absorbed by the 
town of Lincoln. 

According to the Web site, 
the town's developers proudly 
asked their distinguished attor- 
ney, Abraham Lincoln (also the 
railroad's attorney), if he would 
agree to have the town named 
after him. 

Lincoln reluctantly agreed. 
But in Judge Lawrence String- 
er's account in a history about 
Logan County, Lincoln cau- 
tioned the developers: "You'd 

better not do that, for 1 never 
knew anything named Lincoln 
that amounted to much." 

The town, which eventu- 
aUy became the county seat of 
Logan County, was named for 
Abraham Lincoln long before 
he became a nationaUy known 
figure. Lincoln christened the 
town with juice from a water- 

Henson's site also delves into 
the social and economic history 
of the community. There are ex- 
tensive sections on local busi- 
nesses and the influence of the 
railroad. There also is a section 
on Route 66, the historic high- 
way that ran through Lincoln. 
The town is rich in remnants of 
what Henson calls "the world's 
most famous highway." 

"Both sets of my grandpar- 
ents Uved on Route 66," he 
■ said. "One set of grandparents 
owned a grocery store and a 

gas station right on Busmess 
66. That highway was a good 
part of my youth." 

Henson also writes of such 
Prohibition-era figures as boot- 
legger Coonhound Johnny and 
of famous roadhouses Uke the 
Maple Club. 

A 1960 graduate of Lincoln 
Community High School, 
Henson earned his bachelor's 
(1964), master's (1969) and 
doctoral (1982) degrees in Eng- 
lish from lUinols State Univer- 
sity. He taught English at Pekin 
Community High School for 30 
years before going to South- 
west Missouri State University 
in 1994. 

Henson has two grown chU- 
dren, Kendra Henson, 31, and 
Brandon Henson, 27. Five years 
ago, he married Pat Hartman, 
who years earUer was a student 
In one of Henson's English 
classes at Pekin Community 

High School. 

Henson began his Web site 
as a way to learn more about 
his hometown and to show oth- 
ers what it's like growing up in 
a smaU town. He spent several 
years coUecting photos, maps 
and vintage postcards and do- 
ing research for the project. 

"It took two or three years 
and a lot of trial and error with 
computer technology to de- 
velop the Web site," he said. 

"A lot of people see Web sites 
as superficial. That doesn't 
have to be. I beUeve my Web 
site is significant in its content 
and purpose. I'm trying to edu- 
cate readers about Lincoln as 
weU as promote civic pride and 
increase heritage tourism. 

"I feel as technology advanc- 
es, we wiU see more Web sites 
with substantial content used 
in education." 

Luciano: Roadside Abe has mam followers - Peoria, IL - 1 /Luciano-Roadside- Abe-h.. 


wercd bytho JoumalStaT 

Luciano: Roadside Abe has many followers 

Journal Star 

PostedJun io,i>oio(ff u:oo PM 

I knew Abraham Lincoln was our tallest president, but I didn't realize he was 12 feet tall. 
And that's sitting down. 

That's the Railsplitteryoull find as part of The World's Largest Covered Wagon, an exhibit so deemed by the Guinness Book of 
World Records. Despite that lofty recognition, it sits rather unassumingly in a field aside a motel parking lot near Old U.S. Route 
66. Yet, somehow, a lot of people have managed to find it: Fans of Reader's Digest recently named the exhibit as the Best 
Roadside Attraction in America. 

Abe didn't have much reaction, probably because he's always got his massive nose stuck inside a law book. But Geoff Ladd, 
executive director of the Abraham Lincoln Tourism Bureau, has been crowing over the news. 

"It caught me completely off guard," he says. 

The venerable magazine recently ran its annual Best of America survey, which focuses on what it calls "only in America" 
oddities. For the roadside attraction category, the wagon beat out some imposing competition, including a 12-foot-high ball of 
twine in Cawker City, Kan., and a 19-foot talking cow in Neillsville, Wis. 

Udd says readers had no list to chose from: Voting was completely open-ended. Thus, they had to have been familiar with the 

"That's what's so impressive about it," he says. 

I'd spotted the wagon before, but didn't make much note of it. I mean, with Vanna Whitewall in Peoria, it's not as if we're overly 
impressed here with oversized attractions. 

But many others are. Ladd says people from all around the globe visit the wagon. Some are Abe aficionados, but most are 
devotees of Route 66. They stop to snap pictures as they wend along The Mother Road. 

This weekend, the wagon will be deluged with gawkers. It's a stop on the Route 66 Garage Sale, a string of food and craft vendors 
akin to the Spoon River Drive. The garage sale, a fundraiser for a Route 66 restoration project, runs Friday and Saturday in 
McLean, Atlanta, Lawndale, Lincoln, Broadwell, Elkhart and Williamsville. 

About 20,000 people will take in the sale, along with the wagon. Annually, as many as 50,000 visitors view the exhibit, Ladd 

The wagon got its start about a decade ago in Divemon, a few miles south of Springfield. A police officer named David Bentley 
got the quirky idea as he recovered from heart surgery. 

Ladd says with a chuckle, "Me, if I had stents put in my heart, I'd be recovering in bed. But this guy decided to build The Worid's 
Biggest Covered Wagon." 

The wooden coach is 40 feet long, 12 feet wide and 24 feet tall. It weighs 5 tons. 

A year later, Bentley decided to put Abe in the driver's seat. He created a fiberglass Lincoln, which weighs 350 pounds. 

For several years, the display rested in Divemon alongside Interstate 55. Three years ago, Bentley offered to sell the display to 
the Abraham Lincoln Tourism Bureau. A local philanthropist came forward with $12,000, the cost of buying and moving the 

Folks like the large Lincoln, though a few get picky regarding anachronisms, Ladd says. 

"A true Abraham Lincoln scholar would say that if he were riding in a conestoga wagon, it would've been in his eariier years, 
before his beard. We're not that concerned about the details." 

Keep in mind: It's an exhibit, not a playground. You're not allowed to climb aboard and ride shotgun with Abe. 
"Were constantly discouraging that," Ladd says. "It's meant to be a visual attraction." 

Besides, I can tell you that clambering up is no easy challenge. I tried. But I could not find solid footing, even as I attempted 
repeatedly to get up there. 

Maybe that was wrong of me. But at least I'm being honest. That's what Abe would've wanted. 

The Worid's Largest Covered Wagon can be found outside the Best Western Lincoln Inn, 1750 Fifth St., Lincoln. 

PHIL LUCIANO is a columnist with the Journal Star. He can be reached at, 686-3155 or (800) 225-5757, 
Ext. 3155. Luciano co-hosts "The Markley & Luciano Show" from 5:30 to 9 a.m. weekdays on 102.3 Max-FM. 

Cop>Tight 2010 Some rights reserved 

Comments (3) 
4 hours ago 
Report Abuse 

You must be logged in to report abuse. 

1 of2 

6/11/2010 1:10 PM 

Liieiaiio: Roadside Al^e has iii 

Photos : 

PHIL LUCIANO / JOURNAL STAR Purchase this Photo 

The World's Largest Covered Wagon, in Lincoln, 
has been named by Reader's Digest fans as the 
Best Roadside Attraction in America. No. 2 was 
a giant ball of twine in Kansas. 

Lincolniana and 
President's Museums 

McKinstry Memorial 

Lincoln, Illinois 


Lincoln College, Lincoln, Illinois, and Logan 
County all have a special relationship to Abra- 
ham Lincoln. Logan County was created in 
1839 through efforts of Legislator Abraham 
Lincoln. In 1853, Lincoln, Illinois, was founded 
and named for Lincoln. The first town ever to 
be named for the 16th President. Lincoln 
christened the new town with the juice of a 
watermelon to the enjoyment of the purchasers 
of the new town lots. Greatness was yet to 

A bronze statue of Lincoln the Student, by 
Merrell Gage, stands on the campus in front 
of the McKinstry Memorial Library, which 
houses the Lincoln Museum. 


Because of its direct link with Abraham 
Lincoln, one of America's greatest sons and 
presidents. Lincoln College, some years ago, 
embraced a project in the interest of preserving 


and collecting historical documents of Lincoln- 
iana, Americana, and items related to Presi- 
dents of the United States. The College main- 
tains two museums in the McKinstry Memorial 
Library which attract thousands of students 
and visitors each year and, by these means, 
hopes to continually stimulate a vivid interest 
in American history. 

over a quarter of a million dollars was begun in 

1942 following the death of Judge Lawrence 
B. Stringer. Judge Stringer was the county 
judge of Logan County and his history of the 
County is considered the finest work on the 
subject. During his life Judge Stringer assem- 
bled a valuable Lincoln collection which he 
willed to the College to be placed in a special 
room. Over the years others have followed 
Judge Stringer's example. 

This museum houses and displays more than 
2,000 Lincoln volumes, numerous pamphlets, 
art, objects d'art and assorted items of his- 
torical significance. Notable in the collection 
is the original Power of Attorney which was 
drawn up in Lincoln's office and used to found 
the town of Lincoln, Illinois, and a campaign 
poster carried in torch light parade in Lincoln 
and later in the 1860 nomination parade in 
Springfield where it won a prize and was repro- 
duced in Leslie's magazine. On display are 
several signatures of Abraham Lincoln, the 
table of Mentor Graham upon which Lincoln 
studied, and the desk used by Lincoln in the 
Illinois State Legislature at Springfield. 

signed as an impressive shrine honoring the 
men from George Washington to the present 
who have served as the chief executive of the 
United States. On display are documents 
signed by every President and, in some in- 

stances, entirely in the President's own hand- 
writing, together with their pictures and com- 
memorative medals. This permanent exhibition 
dramatizes American history, inspires its study 
and serves as a lasting reminder that "freedom 
is the most valuable property of an individual." 


Lincoln College was the first college in the 
country to be named for Abraham Lincoln, The 
engraving above shows University Hall, the 
first building on campus. Ground was broken 
for University Hall on February 12, 1865, Lin- 
coln's last birthday. Named to the National 
Register of Historic Places in 1974, it still 
serves Lincoln College students and the com- 

The cover illustration, from a painting by Lloyd 
Ostendorf, portrays President Lincoln visual- 
izing University Hall 


Walk in the footsteps of the Great Emancipator 
as you tour the "Lincoln Circuit" in Lincoln, 
Illinois. It was here that he spent many fruitful 
and joyous days. 

As a Circuit Court Rider in the 1840's, Lincoln 
argued many cases in Historic Postville Court- 
house. Later evidence shows that he served as 
attorney for Logan County on several occasions 
before he entered his political life. 

Mr. Lincoln assisted in the platting of the town 
in early 1853 . . . And at the request of his 
many friends here on August 27, 1853, with a 
watermelon in hand, he ceremoniously walked 
to a nearby stump — broke the melon — and 
squeezing the juice on the ground, he christen- 
ed the new town. 

Lincoln, Illinois is the ONLY one of the 26 
cities in the country that bears his name and 
was named for him before he became famous. 
Plan now to visit Lincoln, Illinois ... a city 
with a Rich Heritage . . . and a challenging 





. . . Abe did! i 


Postville Park 

In 1835 Russell Post, a Balti- 
more adventurer, laid out the 
town of Postville which became 
the first Lof^an county seat. 
Tlie town square is now Post- 
ville Park. Here Abraham Lin- 
coln and his friends played 
t 0 w n b a 11 (a predecessor of 
baseball), threw the maul (a 
heavy wooden hammer), and 
pitched hoi'seshoes. 


Postville Court House 

On this high point in the 
southwest part of Lincoln was 
the oldest court house in the 
Old Eighth Circuit which 
Abraham Lincoln had traveled 
for a quarter of a century. 
Serving a thinly scattered 
population, the lawyers of Lin- 
coln's time had to ride the cir- 
cuit to make a living. Here 
may be seen many documents 
and furnishings of the early 
inth century. 


Deskiii's Tavern 

On this site Dr. John Deskins 
erected a tavern in 1836. Abra- 
ham Lincoln, David Davis and 
other 1 a w y e r s frequently 
stayed overnight here w h i 1 e 
the Eighth Judicial Circuit 
Court was in session at the 
Postville Court House. The 
judge, lawyers, litigants, wit- 
nesses, jurors and prisoners 
often shared the same dining 

Stephen A, Douglas 

On this site duiing the sena- 
torial campaign of 1858, Ste- 
phen A. Douglas spoke to a 
Democratic political rally in a 
circus tent on September 4. 
Douglas' opponent for the Sen- 
ate seat, Abraham Lincoln, 
was on the train from Bloom- 
ington to Springfield and stop- 

ped to hear the speech. 

Lincoln Property 

This site is one of the only two 
pieces of property owned by 
Lincoln in his lifetime, the 
other beinR the Lincoln home 
in Spring-field, Illinois. This lot 
was purchased by Lincoln in 
1858 and was held until his 
death in 18C5. The property 
was known as Lot 3, Original 
City of Lincoln, and now faces 
the south side of the s(|uare. 

Scene of Conspiracy 

In 1876, a gang of counterfeit- 
ers plotted to steal Lincoln's 
body from its tomb in Spring- 
field, Illinois, hoping to be paid 
a lansoni of $200,O00.0U, and 
the freedom of one of their 
members who was then in the 
penitentiary. This conspiracy 
took place above a small inn, 
located at what is !iow 412 
Pulaski Street. 

Abraham Lincoln 
and Lincoln, Illinois 

Near this site Abraham Lincoln 
christened the town with the 
juice of a watermelon when 
the first lots were sold on 
.-Vugust 27, 1853. President- 
elect Lincoln spoke here, No- 
vember 21, 1860, while travel- 
ing to Chicago, and the Lin- 
coln's funeral train stopped 
here May 3, 1865, before com- 
pleting the trip to Springfield, 

The Lincoln House 

. z^""* ^ On this site the town proprie- 

VltfitU I' ' -•• erected the original Lin- 

' ^ V'JlI'ltMjTiH Ji coin House in 1854. Leonard 

n a , i " ^"^1% Volk met Abraham Lincoln on 

I ' '■ ' the sidewalk in front of the 

' * hotel on July 16, 1858, and ar- 

" ' ranged to make Lincoln's mask 


H Losan Count) 

™— Circuit Court 

.,„^^^ '^"'nPil ^•'■^ stood two former 

J^^^^^- V V Logan County courthouses in 

— 1 which Abraham Lincohi prac- 

ticed law from 1850 until elect- 
Wi] ed President. During? the 
f5 Marcli term, 1859, Lincoln sub- 
m iftL stitutL-d for David Davis as the 
presiding: judge of the Logan 

^sSi:::;,^^^}^^'-^^^^-^^)' County Circuit Court, 


Old Christian Cliurch 

On April 14, 1857, just a year 
after its construction, tlie 
Logan County Courtliouse was 
razed by fire. Tlie September, 
1857 term of tlie Circuit Court 
was conducted in temporary 
iiuarters in tlie old Christian 
Churcli, which was located at 
Til Tekin Street. 


Robert B. Latham 

On this site stood the home of 
Robert B. Latham who joined 
John D. Gillett and Virgil 
Hicko.x tn found the to%\'n of 
Lincoln in 1853. Abraham Lin- 
coin, judjies and lawyers of the 
Ripihth Judicial Circuit were 
frequent guests at his home. 


Lincoln College 

Historic Lincoln College was 
founded in 1865 as the first 
and only college named for 
.Abraham Lincoln in his life- 
time. Visit the historic Lincoln 
Room, the museum of the Pres- 
idency. Thousands of books, 
manuscripts and historical 
items are contained in the col- 



9 10 11 12 13 14 


Postville Park 
Postville Court House 
Deskin's Tavern 
JJ^ Stephen A. Douglas Speech 
^^1^ Lincoln Property 

JU^ Scene of Conspiracy 

H Abraham Lincoln and 
Jl^ Lincoln, Illinois 

The Lincoln House 
Logan County Circuit Court 
Old Christian Church 
Robert B. Latham Home 
Lincoln College 


Adorns St 3 

Beoch St C7 

Beoson St JIO 

Bidwell St Bl I 

Bond St B13 

Bill Avenue A4 

Bob Avenue A4 

Border St HIO 

Broadway K 1 1 

Broadwell L3 

Bryon Ave L7 

Burlington St D8 

Butler St K8 

Carter St K13 

Centennial Courts . . . B!0 


1 - Adams qq 

2 - Corroll Catholic H6 

3 - Cenlrol 

4 - Chester Eost Lincoln, . . , li2 

5 - Darby Dancing School . . H9 

6 - Jefferson Q3 

7 - Lincoln Junior Hiflh . ... fj 
6 - Lincoln Christion College . F12 
9 - Lincoln College qq 

10 - Lincoln Comm. High ... L9 

1 1 - Northwest Q4 

12 - Woshington-Monroe , ... h9 


1- Elm . .G7 

2 - Lathom G8 

3- Melrose . . D3 

4- Postville . .02 

5- Postville Courthouse G3 

6 - Lehn-Fink Park HU 

Lincoln Memorial Park located 
one mile west of Stringer Ave. 


1 - Abraham Lincoln Memoriol . F5 


1 - City HoN H8 

2 - County Jail H9 

3 - Courthouse H8 

4 - Library G8 

5 - Post Office H8 


A - A M.E H9 

B - AssembI y of God D 1 1 

C - CK, of Christ Scientijh ... F6 

D - Ch. of The Nozorene .... H8 

E - Cumbeflond Presbyterian . . . F6 

F - Ev. Luth. Immanuel KIO 

G - First Bopfist F6 

H - First Christion G9 

1 - First Presbyterian F7 

J - Free Methodist G4 

K - Lincoln Southern Baptist . . . F8 

L - First Methodist F7 

M - Sal vat ion Army F8 

N - Second Baptist H8 

O - Seventh Doy Advenlist . . . AM 

P - State St. Southern Baptist . . £9 

Q- Si . John's Ev. ond Reformed. F6 

R - St. Mory's G6 

S - St. Patrick's G6 

T - Trinity Episcopal F7 

U - Zion Ev. Luth G6 

Center St J4 

Chestnut St E8 

Chicago St E9 

Cloy St D7 

Clinton St N7 

College Ave E7 

College St . 4 

Comet Ave, L7 

Commercial Dr Fll 

Dovenport St D9 

DeBruler Dr K12 

Dovey St F4 

Decotor St. H7 

Deloron St G9 

Denver St CIO 

Earl St Jll 

East Burlington St. . . . Fll 

East Tremont St Hll 

Eoton C13 

Edgor St C5 

Eighth St F4 

Eighteenth St C5 

Eleventh St D5 

Elliot St K8 

Elm St J5 

Evons St G2 

Feldman Dr A4 

Fifth St G 

Fifteenth St D2 

First St J 

Foley St Kll 

Fourth St H 

Frorer Ave K7 

Goleno St D9 

Govin St K4 

GermonSl K5 

Gillette St KIO 

Grand Ave C6 

Halfmoon CIS 

Hamilton St J7 

Morrison St Rll 

Hennepin St D8 

Home Ave L8 

Houser C3 

Inlet St De 

Jackson St 3 

Jefferson St 2 

Junction St HIO 

Kankakee St F7 

Keokuk St 08 

KickopooSt J6 

Lo Due St K9 

Lathom St C8 

Limit St 12 

Lincoln Ave D7 

Logon St D9 

Lynn St 16 

Madison St 2 

Magrow St HI 

Maple St H6 

Moyfoir Dr C12 

McLean St J7 

Meadow Lone C7 

Mill St G5 

Miller St Kll 

Minder PI D5 

Miner St Hll 

Monroe St 3 

Mundy St D5 

Ninth St E4 

Nineteenth St D6 

Nicholson Rd R9 

North St J4 

Northgate St C13 

Nugent PI L12 

OglesbySt C5 

Oklahoma St CIO 

Omaha St CIO 

Ophir St BIO 

Oscar St J5 

Ottawa St F7 

Palmer Ave C5 

Pork PI 

PekinSt F7 

Peorio St 07 

Pine St F5 

PortlondAve K12 

Primm Rd L9 

PoloskiSt G7 

Railroad Ave 15 

Regent St BIO 

Rhodes Ave A9 

Richlond A9 

Riggs Dr B4 

Rochelle A9 

Rutledgo Dr B9 

Sangotnon St H7 

Second St H4 

Seventh St F4 

Sheridan St J8 

Sherman St K7 

Short Eighth St F2 

Short Tenth St E9 

Short Eleventh ..... £2 

Sixth St 04 

South St J4 

Southgote St C12 

Stole St K3 

Stringer Ave J2 

Sunset Dr L7 

Sycamore Lone Ill 

Tenth St E4 

Third St H4 

Thirteenth St E2 

Tremont St E7 

Tulip-Drive LIO 

Twelfth St E3 

Twentieth St B5 

Twenty-First St 85 

Twenty-Second St R5 

Tv/enty-Third Si R5 

Union St 6 

Walnut St H5 

Woter St E6 

Woshinghjn St H2 

Webster Dr J5 

Welch Dr K12 

West Kickopoo St. . . . K4 

WichitoSt C9 

Willord Ave J7 

Williomette Ave J6 

Woodlown St C 

Wyott Ave JS 

Yosemite St 610 

11 12 I 


tour tkc. 




on top o[^ iJhL 
He/iiioge Trait 


1 N D lA NA 

For additional information regarding 
the rich heritage of Lincoln, Illinois . . 


• tourCjllinois • 

■''o,.. _ ^ .it°* 

The brocliure developed and prepared by 
The Tourism Division, Lincoln Chamber of Conmierce 

epot Welcomes Yoi 
Here Are Some Scenes of Abraham 

This picture shows President Lincol 
letter informing him of the establishn 
University (Lincoln, Illinois) and tc 
school was to be named in his honoi 
broken for the University Hall (sh 
February 12, 1865— Lincoln's last livin 

The illustrations shown here were the work of Lloyd Ostendorff in cooperatioi 
Historical research, complements of Paul Beaver, curator, 1 

i to ^'Lincoln Country" 
incoln — Lincoln, Illinois 


1) Name the U.S. Pres- 
ident during the period 
of the Pony Express. 

2) Name the state animal 
of Illinois. 

3) Name the state bird 

of Illinois. 

4) Nickname of the 
University of Illinois 
Athletic teams. 

5. Name the only U.S. 
President born in 

6) Abraham Lincoln's 
wife's name was 

7) Name the Illinois Uni- 
versity v^rhere much of 
the work on the Atom- 
ic Bomb was com- 

8) Name the river that 
serves as part of the 
boundary between 
Illinois and Indiana. 

9) Name one of the quad 
cities in Western Illi- 




J|3oy/auiioi^ '6 


win auijqaij \ 

[BUipjBO E 

ujooun 'I 


ith the Logan County Abraham Lincoln Foundation, 
coin Museum at Lincoln College. 

Lincoln, 111. ^ i> 



The naine "LlllCGOI" , as i p3a«e name, i 3 of ancient uac in "Rnt^lan^i 
while in this country It was uae-S early iii I aasachusctts . In i 
courye of tisie it 'iaV= bfon applied to citl^^t' in Alabajna,ArkD.n»ae , j 
Calif om.i-r, Jjelawar«, lllinoia, Indiana, lo'a, h.^.-nsaa, l entueky, 
:..xine, chunetta, I ichi^.m, IinnesotA, f i»3ouri, 7 ontana, 

li-r , -ire, Hew L exico, j.-'onnB.'! vania, TexL.s , Viriiinia, ^ 

V' ^ ...ton, a total oi t. f?;ity-thrft«- po3toliice«, 

?»hile Lincoln, :ew York has been aiseontlnue"i. 

Of all thr fjre,,oin,2 cities, only one,i.-i Loiam County ,111 i- 
rioia, vms najne^ for hii/i,with his CGn3ent, lont. before >i<^ 
i^reoiicnt. The ineidlents le lainu up tnid event urc ?.*3 
' fo3 1o^i»9. ao n.irr ,tci in Vol. 1, of '♦History of lo^-an Oourity" , l&ll . 

/ On Jan. 7, 1359, a petition foe . county to for^iC i froia 
/ Sant;arfton County, "^o be vTi aa Jotian County, '^as pre3fmte% to 
the Elcvf^nth Heneral Assemlily, an<l was referred tj the Go; Oidttee 
on Coimti<^E, of wViich It, Abrah?ijn Linealn -n^-.a a wember. It fA& \ 
then ref Tred to a aeleet coKraittee.of which he was a m^jn.ber, j 
'?fhich reported the bill favorably to the- ; it -rae j 
cnaete-j as a la'.v on i^'ebruary 5, 1839. The county -^aa na;'©! for 
Dr. Johii A. Locfin.A raeiiiber of that Crenernl Aaseiiihly, an-i ••'ho wa« i 
th^ father of Cen. John A. Logan. (pp. 1 4(3, 149) ] 

postville v'ciB asl'=^ete4 as y, ou)ity a'^^at on June ?v,lb39 , ( 151 ) | 
and confinued by act of the- I.e^jialuture approved on Juno 4,1841 . j 
(153) Th'3 first couyt house ana the block of frroujid verc 4o- 
nate«i by the o-mers of an a^iditiun t') I'oatvxlle (154) an J it con- 
tinued aa 3ueh until th« county noat v'as r.;oveci to } t* PuL^Bki. j 
In this building, in the ^iphth Ju«iieial f-'itstrint. Judges Treat ! 
and Davis Vi inde'] rio m decisions, ^ lile lincol n, Baker, Kdvrarda, 
•'alkcr, i:tuart,an-i others pl^ad tn-ir cansa. Hev. rcter vCart- j 
writiht hel<; relir:ious services. (154) I 


At an el-ction hel4 on the Cirot : oncJay in ii.pril,1647, tne 

voters ©r t-u county de-U-i'^a. to i ake I t. Pulaaki the cou-ity seat, ; 

an4[ upon th?; cotvletion of the new donated oourt house in 1848, ; 
th? I'ccoras ^ere inovrd to i t. x^ul^aki , vhcre they rep:aine<j until 

ruoved t<. Lincoln. Stephen a jJou.:l i3, A. Lincoln, L. ]?. linl^r, . j 

Josiah J,;iKborn, G. H. Bro 'minfe, Lyman TruLibull, Leoaar«i Lwett and i 
ot^r-ra often apjyeared iu eases he»e. (Ibc, 594) . The ol > court 

nouse has been ueedcd to the State of Illinois an-i is no being j 

altered to cunfonn to its forftcr interior conotructioa, to be j 

Diaintaineri a .;t£*te ilcfuorial . The i-ostville cuurt hou .^e -vas pur- j 

chaBo4 hy lienry l-'orU an^i reaaoeiiibled in fieai*born, J.ichiga.n, as j 

Governor t*;! iiner son ref us-- i to a^^.^rove it^ purchase by the State. j 

Tith the construction tc Sprinf^field of th'; Alton an4 Sang- j 
anion RH. late in i: 52, preparations -^^ere i ade to extend it to 
BlooF.inf^ton, thi-u loa'an County, early in 1853. By an aet of tno 
let.i :-laturc,eff ec :ivf? Feb. 14,1^:53, an pl-ction rmr, pro v-i^acd for 
to aele^^t a - county aeat (160). Col. Robert 13. I.athiia, 
Vir.:il }?ickox, -vn. John 13. Gillett er.uloyp'J Abrahai., Lincoln to j 
dra-:' ui> t'. inf;orj.>oration p^>pcrs ^or a ne > to^vn on the CMeat.o ' 
4t liasissippi im. , noA- the 'Alton KH., an<i the doout.ent and ; 
deeds, containin, the -rord "LlnCOLI^^" , all date4 Au^.u^t 24,3 8b3, 
-^re dra-n bv • r. Lincoln in his oprinn;field office (566,567). j 



In ^ra'^ing up the doeiMient, Kr. Lincoln asked the i.entlemen 
mat was to be the name of the new town,.a.n<^, finally Co J. Latham 
aurresten that it br? n^mmia for Fr. Lincoln, but I r. Lincoln sai€: 
•»You*«l bptt-^r not that, for I never knew anything nime<^ Lineoln 
t*mt attownt<»<i to ciucH". The naae^howeyer, '.'an cwree4 upon .ain4 
in^:orpor/:v'i-f^'^ in th^ le£-al papers. (568) • • 

The? town wafe surveyed August 2<.j,18b3,aji^ the firat sale ef 
lota ©€Gurre€ ,\u£U3t 29,1853.t^hen ninety lots .were soM i>rin£ini: 
f^e.OOO.OO {569} On that fllay.l^r. Lincoln raa pr«>a*?nt an-i . oing to 
a temporary Btref!t f?tan^,he purehaee?i two ^mtermelens^at apout 
the noon hour, ana brougHt theK.on** unm«r .each aii; to «»here i-eeeers 
Lathatk.Gillett and Hickox were and invited thcjri to help e-isE&s<-' 
of them, -1th the rmark,«Ho'^^ ??e»13 christen the new towi.** 
These inci^ients -^ere relate* by Col. Latham to the author. (5(58) 

In lt'66, CqI. Lathaow,. ^^ith other trustees of the nm^ lineoln 
University, in Lincoln. publlsheO, an appeal for fun»3e ^^hieh appear- 
ed in the Chieas-o Tribune. Feb. 12.186G.anfl anonf^ other thing^o 
statefij "The to^m of Lincoln was naae^ after Abrahara Lincoln before 
presidential honor a ha* any inf 3 uense, by the proprietorts '^ho *'^er« 
th€ personal ana intiriate friendn of ir. Lincoln". ( 568)' 

When in 1J46,. 1 r. Lincoln r.u. lor owixrress f roi the 7th 
District, inclu^iinc Lo^an County, his opponent was Rev. ±*6ter 
Cart"?rif:;ht . Both '.vore -tell knowi in Lof:s.n County, for while 
Lineoln -onl4 try caeea in the Postville eoiirt housp' f'urj ng: the 
*ay, Cart^riixht muJ^ preaeh there at nif?ht. locran County r-ve 
riJncoln 390 votes ^m^i Cart^?rigrht 166, ant i..i the d-is^trict 
Lincoln --on with 6,340 votes to Cartwrigrht* e 4,826. {220)* 

In the Sprim-; of 1658. on a stand ereetea on the H."*'-. corner 
of the court house square in Lincoln, Mr. Lincoln Bia*€ a speech 
in which he U'j^4 .for the first tiwc the lai?;ou» quotation: 
«You @an fool pf^rt of the people all the tittle. y.n* alJ of the 
people p-rt o : the Ume, but you e^-ri'+ c-ol all the u-eople a31 
the time». (223) " 

On July 4, 1859, a bij: eelebration was hel# in Atl.^^nta vhen 
hr. Lincoln ras presented with a Q< ne .by LJyl Tester 3tron£.an ol« 
SQr«.er of the ^7ar of 1812. That night he was the 
nev: Confe-re^^ Lr. :fa£ies ■•'ren.a balcer.with 
a lars,^e cake, ^ut forgot his speech. Lineoln save^, thf- '.futuation 
by saying, »\fel3, l»r/: not so hun4;ry us 1 look» . fie then turne* 
around an^.^ pre-,rnte4 it to the ladieo ol th€ enureh an* it m.B 
auctionesi off. (226) 

In aceoroanee with a bi31 approved Feb. 14, 1853. at an election 
hel* in 17oTef.brr,lS5? it waa deeirle* to i/iove the comity ^eat frou 
^t. Pulaski to Iinco3n. (566) Aceordincly.a neTf court house 
on a block of ^ round €onateri by the incorporator!^ (163) --as 
erected and the -ounty seat -as rsove'i a Seconal th-- thi^*-^ 
court house. On the nifc;ht of April 15,1857, this new court 
nouse vjas ourneu to the ground, and with it -ere deatroyeo sub- 
stantially cd3 the reeor-is of Logan Countv (161^ excepting thr*»e 
or four books in the circuit clerk's orr'ief \573) 

Two *etaehed »r.a2 3 fireproof offices, to be occupied hy the 
circuit ani county clerks were rea-iy for occupanoy on October 
3, 1057, an* a ne-,' nain court house, coa+inji ;?13,000 (237) ^^nxB 
rea*y in June 1858 (165). 


J,y . joanty vote on tlov. 4,1S*02 (238), a ne'" ^ourt Viouae, 
^f i*^ fiftt^i) -rtxB siutnorize* an* finally ooiupletea oa . ay 15, 
3y b (^^40), aoatint; ,,abC,aOO.OOana it. one oT the oest in central 

The on, mil /ituie oi ro^tville was Ciani^ed to Caraden on 
larcn 3 , lb4b", and by Act oi Feb. 23,lb61,it -'as -hane^'-i back to 
I'oatvil^e. (5<i5) In 1655, a town ^o^emmerit 'fas effected in 
Lincoln, w»ii«n '^as HUC ieede^ in 1865 by a city i.ov^rnment (571), 
•"'hen the first aity orricer« v/erf^ chosen on j arc'i 13,1865.(575) 
By A«t of i^eb. 16, 1865, the two to -.ns, Lincoln an'i i^oatville were 
unite* un ier the naice of the City of Li/ieoln. (574). 

v/hile Jotin Calhoiin f^aa county surveyor of oantjan.on County, 
/'le i.; ' : r.r. Lincoln to aome into his offiee, study surrey inc. 
^uitx - hiiu aa -A. viOputy to hia .surveyinii; staff, i r. Thozuas I; • 
Meale aueeeeae* Calhoun in 1635, an* Lincoln still retainel his job. 
Lesser 3 John -Vrig-ht and ,lomi i)onavan,^c siring: to have a tovm site 
aui'veyed at rlocky i.'ord.on the west bank oi i.>alt Creek, in -^hat 
later taee-auif! Logan County, J r. Lincoln eaiie on June 16,1836 
survpy^i the town of Albany. It was never occupie'i as a to'm. 
{217)) I r. Lincoln ma adiaitted to the bar in 1836, ani ;,>ov?^*l 
;iroE' Jialwi to Springfield the next year. (215) 

Kr. Lincoln appeared for Logan County to defend it when 
the coxmty ^eat was movegi to It* i'ulaski, ana ^ilsg when moYe4 
thftnee to Lincoln. In several eases i^^pealeo to trie Supreiae 
Court froin Loiian County, he appearea ,an 1 as late as l£GO,he 
T^aa practicin,'} law in this county to itViin few monthn of 
•lis slectiou aa x^reaiaent. (219) 

In 1857, in New Yorii: City, Lr. Lincoln en4or«e* a note 
of ^400.00 for Jrixaes i?rii.ari, an old Poatvill^ t'rienflL,ancA buose- 
Ctuently was oolife,ea to pa^ it. On Isareh ll.liibC, r. i^riw 
in repayitent, aeeae^i to jLr« Linooin, Lot 3, Block 19, Town of 
Lincoln, no omQ'-i it until hia 4eath. l^ter, hia £;on, Robert 
Lincoln Qfieoar.e the o^.^ncr and soil it. TMs let it: located on 
the south ai'ie of the court house square. (221} 

During the period of the Linooln-DouiUag ifbates, lir. 
Douglas apoke to a lar^^e audi'mee in Lincoln, (• r. Lincoln 
b^in^. pre«en-L), o,i jeoteiuber 4,3; ba. {22B) 

"Then r. Lincoln 'hab noi iinate«l,ori l ay 18, 1860, for the pres- 
idency, eaiapai^n clubo kno^wn as 'Lincoln Wide Awakes* were or- 
^ani'^eil in Lincoln ana Atlixnta, an<i the 'Lincoln Cuar«iE» in 

%%• x-uiasKi. (ass) 

vTien secretary of War Caaf-ron, on April 13,lbt31, the *ay 
that fort ouuter fell, called on Governor Yates oy t^-lej^raph for 
six rofc:ir-ient3 fo7* i; me iiate SK^rvic?, a company, afterwards Co. E 
of the bevonth regciaent ,f rom Logan County, ^vao raise<i in Logan 
County the next day (IVl), -iho took the name of ' Lincoln Guar_M A' . 
Thig coripany was the first Illinois company of th^^ Civil \/ar o 
arrive in Jiprin^cf iel^i at Carnp Yates. The f -)1 lo^^'in^^; day, another 
Lo^an County company, the 'Yates Hangers' v-aa'i was a 
close second to t .c 'Lincoln Guarda* • 


-n '^l^' ^"ii™ County furnished the nation " 360 R„1if.,. 

ch- Ircnt wus exceptional. (168) 

o f i t r, 7 o t i ng ® t ren^ th , to 

am bearing thr rerir^^f ^ ?£ ^ ^ifomed soldier 

square st t f.r>^f ^-r* * ^ , t^recte'a on the court house a cost oi |5,600, an^ de^Ueatet on Jyne 10,3B.-&. (^OP) 

In 1859, IT- Lincoln stated fo tivlveatfr -^tT'-.rir. ..n ^ 

that Kr. L'cuglaB -woula he ^ ^T^ui^lLutr ^llL^^^ 

prophetic, (226) ^ ye«.r- • rh^^e tqt^b were absolutely 

A large cr.^ nad ' J^!^^? ^^«^f«f in Lincoln, 

covered Bt^m^tin- on thp Dlatfn-rr. '^^'^.^^^^^ ' l^ou^l^^ v7aE d.i£- 
ana Douglas '-^^ea SiTLnd in f IJ'' ^'^"^'^ ^^^^^ ^'""^ speech, . 

train . ove:? av^iv aj id th^ L^^i? J^3 3 ha?;ar48.« n^yg the 

lou^laa disap^^^e^in l^^J^i:'^^^ tlie people. 

ana vdde. the rallvin^^C^^-i Chiea^o, and hia speech, «ent faT 
riis last x^ublic itttez'-mop for «.t i f -'ias wab 

roor^e at the Treipont KouaS ?n ^f.^ MoHC^,ne r^turn^^ ta hi^ 
T'-ft b?*€ I'n/ 1 L f'. Chioago, rr^s tdken sick, ana never 

- iio De€ unt,i3 'ieatn ha^ OTertaken him. (IVO) "*-vfc,r 

'ooiy of 

th<^ moinlng of ray 3,1865, thf^ raiv>ral ear bearin - tv,.. 
' r. Lincoln from ^mshin-t^n to Lrin.-firiH ^!tfJ ' 

c^o'Tnoun:::r..iJ^^^3 itaf ^^^^^ ^r-^- ^« tho^ctir' 

Abrahani Tin^nir, w ^ «3,itibb, tays: "This town -z&e uar.iea for 

r.otto: •■«itn'^mJue"(™ .«e«a.ed i.r..,i4ent. rne arc bore the 
coJora '*rri;TOr:in = -,tlT^-,? !j; ^'^''ity lorai- Tiio national 

,y iic irapingTB.eorapleted the artistic decoratlona" . 

new3pa,ier in July. 1804. i:r. Uncoil J^ri- ^ '-''if^SO 

triat I Shall not .'.tLisJ the -^^r. '•'^rft; < ' " 

r.or« ,r..tly .ho..e. ov^r tMs tra^el^ ^;^ri^^"„Va^c%^nty^( 2^0 ) 

T J 1 — ^ 


«T;-'i • ' ; toi-y Oi our r;reat Lincoln -.xa it rrlatea 

J'jry 0. V. ..n County. Out of fne .-^tcrnal he ear.e, 

a>>irit of tru- unpuriJlcd peopl<?. an* to the eternal he returned, 
lie A-as 8i . le, an. b':U--controlled. Hot too rjidical .nritiier 
too cona ^ /e, he v<a;j eiiuo '/ed vdtU a vdo'^^o/a con preH'^nding 
rv-ry p^iase of human iife»an ability to manage, "itaout i.istake, 
CO. Jlio itions moat intric ate tmd a faith sufficiently sv.'olir.:^^ to 
reuQ^c Untouched by d©gina»chilo of tn^- el^ -ntal, a 
ciant :iprun4; from the loina of the conuaon people an^l in ■-ouch 
Xth every 4;radation of their daily life, he naveti the nation, 
t,ave liberty to a people and his najiie v;ill ever 3ive in e/ery 
heart-beo,t oi tha >iu«ian raoe— Abrahaia Linculn-** ( loi ) 

A coiiimisBion of tue Synods of Indiana, 13 linois , and lo'ira» 
after ;aaai4iera"ule debate, ieci^ed on Beaember 2,1664, to es- 
tablish in Lincoln, for the Cifinberlana Freaby teriari Church, 
an institution of learninii to be knovnn as 'Liacjl/i university* 
not in honor of the town, bat in honor of Abrahaia Lincoln, t» <^ 
nauie beinj;; 3Ut.:gestei by Rev. J, 11. Huehey and heartily secon 
in an enthusia3tic adireaa by Judge Caxupuell. ^442 ) 

The next liiove .vaa to secure a c arter. The ch=-?,rter secured 
is on^' of the tiost valuable assets of Lincoln v:o21^:,, It h^3 been 
stated by educational experto that no other college in the United 
Litates po^scasea so valuable a fraichise. (441). .'en acre^ of 
land r;erc donated by l.essera Lataai^i, 'C^yatt ana Gillctt, ona over 
S30.000 waa raised locaiy bonus to oocuxe t as xnstitutxon. 

(440) Consiaerimx the fact that Lincoln then was a tov-n of only 
about :',0O0 inhabitants, that luoney "a3 then not 30 easily secured, 
that the Civil ^ar waa just d raving; to a cloce ana ^voQieaa una 
industi^y- at a standstill .and that the people had been contributing 
of their subatance in of the war,the rai^inr. of £juch a sura by 
priv<.le subscription at that time for educational purposes, aa 
quite rei«]arkable » (440] 

Ground wis first broken for the new building, February 12, 
3665. on the ^i^nniversary of President Lincoln's birth, -nd the 
corner -ton • ^ ; laid bept. 34, 1865, v-ith -vpropriate c«remoni|S. • 

in li^Ll, j.ineoln Univer-oity bt.>caL-o ui filiate a ith the 
liecatur Cclle^^e ana Inftuatrial bchool.oi Uee itur.l'J 1 . , as ^jart 
of Th^i Jaiueii ] ill i kin University , an its nme was cr^an^e-i to 
Tinooln college oi The Jari.eii 1, il3ikin University. iK (445} 
in the Illinois educational ayeteii. it ranks as a Juriior College 
to the larj;;er univerwitiea . 

Unaer the leadership of the President, Br. Wm. B. Cope3and, 
pn4 an able staff of instructors, and a larf-e attendance of two 
/ear ;5tudentf3, t d ir. stitution occupies an ir-portajit place in 
thr affairn oi Lincoln, and th-^ Jitate oi minoi u Under its 
sponsorship, a tine lincoln Birthday profsram ill b^ broadeaat 
iro]i. Lincoln on Feb. 12, 1^38. from coast to coaat, aa per enclosed 
newspaper clippings. 

The city of Lincoln no - coatains over 3.":, 000 pouulation, 
four railroad routec, three State hife-hway8,a t3tate bcriool and 
Colony for w ntal defectivcB, factories, coal ;'r.ine,ete, and la 
situated in the geographical center of tne State, in the richeat 
afc^ricultural section of Illinois. i>rillin^ Cor oil ia nov; in 
prorress in I^gan County, -ith f^ood prospects for success* 


LINCOLN, 111., Feb. 12 (a>)^ 
Twenty-four American cities and 
towns bear the name or Lincoln 
but only one-Lincoln, Ill.-received 
its name during the lifetime of the 
emancipator and ha<i the honor of 
being christened-with the cutting 
Mif '"'^^"'"^^lon—by Lincoln hlm- 

"All right boys, go ahead, but I 

Vothin "'^^'"S mistake. 

Nothing named Lincoln, so far as I 

amounted to much." 

That was Lincoln's rejoinder to the 

proposal of three of his friends to 

give the name of Lincoln to this 

newly laid out town In Central Ilii- 

colnJ""^ ""'t' '^'^ Lin- 
coln T^a.s an obscure rural lawyer. 


LINCOLN, III Feb ^J''"'^' ^°"^~^"^<^ of The Inter Ocean. 


Lincoln's Connection with the Ex- 
tinct Village of Poslville. 


Portrait That Was Carried by the 
Atlanta "Wide Awakes." 

When ^Lincoln Told Stories David 
Davis Let Lawyers Talk to 
a Deaf Bench. 

Lincoln, 111., Jan. 9.— Special Correspond- 
ence. — Although the village of PostviUe is 
no longer given a place on our maps, but 
was abiorbed by her more vigorous neighbor 
and become a part of the City of Lincoln over 
thirty years ago, yet the first courthouse , 
erected in Li gan County is still standing on j 

Postville hill, where it was erected in 1840. 
This building, a sketch of ^Yhich is given in 
this column, is one which is always pointed 
cut as being one with whoso history Abrahairi 
Lincoln is closely associated, as when he 
was an attorney he always attended the ses- 
sions of court hold within its walls. The 
old house has been used for a dwelling ever 
since the removal of the county seat to Mount 
Pulaski, in 3848, but yet the individuality of 
the man was so great that when a new town 
was founded, five years later, it was called , 
Lincoln In his honor. 

When the county seat was at Mount Pulas- 
ki, Mr. I..incoln continued his visits to the 
Logan County court, and it was during hi.s 
last visit there, in 1855, that he recognized the 
fact that his eyesight was beginning to fail 
with the strain of years. He stopped at the 
house of Thomas Lushbough, who had been 
his next-door neignbor at Springfield, and 
his roommate was John T. Stuart, another 
Springfield attorney. After they would re- 
tire for the night it was ivlr. Lincoln's habit 
to draw the stand table up to the side of the 
bed, light the lamp, and then prop himself 
up on his pillow, where he would read the 
statutes of the state and study his law books 
as long as he could remain awake. Then 
again in the morning he would resume his 
reading as soon as he awakened. One night 
while reading thus he seemed to notice that 
something was wrong, and, turning to his 
bedfellow, he said: "Stuart, do you notice 
how my eyes are failing? See how I am 
pushing my book away from me." 

This was during the last term of court held 
at the Mount, for before the next term of 
court the county seat had been removed to 
the town named in Mr. Lincoln's honor, and 
which had already outstripped its rivals In 
the county. There a new courthouse had 
been built similar to the one whose pictuie 
appears below. In that building Mr. Lincoln 
appeared to plead, as he had in years before 
111 the ore on Postville Hill two miles away. 
The building, however, did not stand long, for 
It was destroyed by fire April 14, 1S57. A new 
one, a iiicture of which is given here, stood 
on the same foundations before that year was 
ended, in which Mr. Lincoln's fast friend, 
David Davis, occupied the bench during many 
terms f.f court. 

Mr. Lijicolu continued his visits to the City 
of Lincoln up to the time of his nomination 
for the Presidency, and by his story telling 
always kept his friends in good humor. Of 
Judge Davis it is told that his laughter could 
be heard for the distance of two blocks away 
from the old Eagle Hotel when 'Honest Abe" 
told stories to the "Ijoys" at nii;ht. 

The Judge's scat was high above the com- 
mon people, too high. Judge Davis insisted. 

On one occasion wiu n a lusu was liemg Uuil 
in which Lincoln was not interested he sut 
with the other members of the bar about a 
long walnut table just below the bar of Jus- 
tice, telling them anecdutes. The tiUer of 
laughter from the lawyers and some noise 
iiuong the spectators annoyed Juilge Davis, 

him to talk of Lincoln is to speak, with tear- 
bediinined eyes. 

A historic painting is one by C. Merck of 
Chicago, which hangs in the house of Mr. 
Nctthaniel 15. I'egram. I'ainted In July of 
l.SdU from a sitting made in Springlicld for 
>lr. jMerck In the second month after Mr. 
-Lincoln's nomination for the Presidency, the 
picture was prominently dis|)layed through- ' 
out that caniiiaign. In 18t)2 the home of 
Colonel R. M. Hough was thrown open to the 
sauitary commission and a fair conductinl 
there for its benefit. This painting was one 
of the features of the display, and, after be- 
ing sold several times and donated back to 
the fair, it was finally purchased by Colonel 
Hough hims„'lf, he paying $G2.50 for it. It 
followed the Colonel through his checkered j 
career, until a short time before his death, 
when he placed it In the Jiands of its pres- 
ent owner. 

Another highly prized picture of Mr. Lin- i 
coin i.i the one owned by ex-Circuit Clerk | 
Koehnle. It also dates from the campaign i 
of 1860, at which time it was painted for the i 
"Wide Awakes" of this city by Reuben Neal. ! 
Its style is a painting in imitaticn of ste-el- ■ 
engraving, and the artist was well acquainted 
with Mr. Lincoln. This acquaintance gave 
him a familiarity with the face of the sub- 
ject, which enabled him to make a likeness 
which has been pi-onounced among the best 
I of the period. Many other pictures of Lin- 
coln were painted by Mr. Neal, with the 
assistance of his nephew, Reuben Neal Law- 
rence, during the campaign, but of these 
there is but one in existence now and it Is 
the one carried Isy the Atlanta "Wide 
Awakes," during the exciting rallies of 1860. 
This was the second company of "Wide 
Awakes," organized in Illinois, that of Ells- 
worth being its predecessor, and, on ac- 
count of its banner bearing the likeness of 
both candidates, it was placed at the head of 
the parade at the monster rally at Spring- 
field, which concluded that memorable cam- 
jjaign. Besides painting its banner, yo^ng. 

' Lawrence was the captain of the company, and 
when at its head carried the sword which 

' was worn by Anthony Wayne at Ticonderoga. 
After the election of Mr. Lincoln he took the 

I picture from its stretcher and carefully 

i preserved it, while the picture belonging to 
the Lincoln company of "Wide Awakes" was 
preserved by ite bearej», and- for twelve 
years hung in the courthouse here. 



WITH THE COMING OF THE CHirARn rn c-r ,r^,,.r. 




GENTLY l^lm^f Mn'^^ut^'^^ ™^ ^™ RAILROAD WERE ONLY RE- 



SsED A°;,^?.',f""''^'^'^° ^"^^ MOSTOFTEN QUOTED LINCO^^^^^ 
rRnn^n^J^.^"'^ ™ ^^'^^ ™^ ■'^'CE OF A WATERMELON UPON THE 

HfBEcTJE^'STF'lG°UR'r°"' '""^^ " "'^ ^ °- 



Only City on Earth Named in 
Honor of Lincoln Before His 
Death Has Quiet Observance 

(MiUe KeKislcT Spcchil Service.) 

Linolii, ni., li'eb. ]2.~AVhile the nation observed the birthday 
of Abraham ■ Lincoln today, the day has especial significance in 
Lincoln, 111., for it was here that many of the early struggles of the 
martyred president were recorded. 

Springfield and Central Illinois have many recollections of 
Abraham Lincoln, but this city is peculiarly a.ssociated with his 
earlier life. Logan county knew Lincoln before he ever achieved 

Abraham Lincoln firp.t came to IjOgan county as a struggling 
surveyor. He platted the town of Albany, long since forgotten, on 
the banks of Salt Creek at Rocky Foid. Later he practiced law in 
the old Postville court house in what is now West Lincoln, riding 
the circuit in an old buck-board, and trying cases before Judges 
Davis and Treat. 

Vox- many years the only real estate property owned by Lincoln 
was two lots now located within less than 100 feet of the court 
house, and owned by D. H. Harts, president of the Lincoln Com- 
mercial club. Lincoln, in the legislature, made possible the bill 
creating Logan county out of part of the then Sangamon County, and 
later he gave consent to the founders of the town of Lincoln to 
name the new county seat after himself. Lincoln, Illinois, is the 
only Lincoln in the country named for Abraham Lincoln before he 
achieved fame, and so named with his knowledge and consent. 

There was no formal observance of the day today. The ofTices 
ill the court house wore closed, and banks and other public offices 
were also closed.